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THE JOHN THOMAS LEE
A History of
The Church of the
Published by Authority of
District Meeting of Southern California
and Arizona through the following
M. M. ESHELMAN, Chairman
W. E. TROSTLE, Secretary
W. H. KEIM, Business Manager
D. A. NORCROSS
B. F. MASTERSON
Table of Contents
Committee on Church History Frontice
Preface ~ - -
Early Settlers »
Elder George Hoxie JO
First Church on Pacific Coast. — JJ
Covina Congregation on
Conej o Church 20
Tropico Church - - 20
Lordsburg Church 23
Glendora Church 27
Inglewood Church 32
First Church of the Brethren Los Angeles 33-43
Channing Street Mission 44
Boyle Heights Mission 46
Santa Fe Mission _ 46
Pasadena Congregation 48
First Church of the Brethren, Long Beach 53
Hemet Church 57
Santa Ana Church 58
Santee Church 60
El Centro Church - 60
Imperial Valley Church 61
Glendale Church, Arizona 62
Pearce Church ..... - 63
Phenix Mission 63
South Los Angeles Church 64
District Conferences 67-104
Who Has Led, When and Where „ 104-107
Northern California 107
History of Lordsburg College 108-1 17
First Chinese Sunday School 117
Ministerial Meetings 118-120
Sunday School Developments 120-123
Christian Workers Meetings 123
Sisters Aid Society _ -.123-125
What Some Sisters Have Been Doing _ 183
Mothers and Daughters 184
Open Way into Book of Revelation 185
Bashor, Geo. H 134
Beaver, O. J 180
Brandt, Harry - 165
Brubaker, John S - 136
Brubaker, Nicholas J 162
Calvert, J. G 181
Calvert, Wm. Q 165
Chemberlen, Geo. F 142
Cline, Joseph W — - 175
Dickey, J. P 174
Durr, Francis W - 177
Eshelman, Matthew Mays 138
Fitzwater, P. B 1 58
Forney, Edmond ; 132
Forney, Peter 141
Funderburg, Isaac V 181
Funk, S. W 179
Garst, Samuel S 148
Getz, John H 166
Gilbert, James Z 157
Gillette, C. E 168
Guthrie, C. W 176
Hanawalt, George : - 157
Haugh, B. S 164
Hoff, C. S 145
Hoover, W. I. T '. 154
Hutchinson, Andrew 126
Johnson, Stephen - 159
Kieffaber, G. Q - 169
Keim, W. H 179
Lefever, Elias B 166
Lehmer, S. G 159
Lehmer. G. G 179
Long, S. D 169
Masterson, B. F _ _ 151
McDonough, Geo. L 144
Metzger, Elder John 126
Miller, S. J 160
Miller, Robert Henry 172
Myers, Peter S 150
Nicholson, C. C - 181
Norcross, David A _ _... 130
Piatt, W. M - 170
Reed, A. G 181
Reppert, J. J 166
Root, A. C 144
Shively, John K 167
Snell, Harvey 154
Snowberger, Andrew C _ 1 49
Stutsman, Wm _ 168
Taylor, Hewitt R ' 147
TJiomas, Wm. J - 133
Trostle, Elder J. W 128
Trostle, W. E - 140
Vaniman, Albert W 155
Wertenbaker, Wm. H 171
Wine, John M 157
Wol f e, C. Edward 178
Wol ford, A. Klein _ _ 179
Yoder, C. H 154
Yundt, Simon E 152
Committee on Church History.
D. A. Norcross B. F. Masterson
M. M. Eshelmam
W. E. Trostle Wm. H. Keim
The historian must shade his eyes and peer backward
along scenes and events and unquestioned motives which lie
beneath every act. The fair historian simply recognizes
FACTS. He must see the expression rather than the man
who gives out the truths and facts. Historic observations
should be constructive rather than damaging. And yet no one
should illusion himself with thoughts that there have been no
discordant elements. There have been contentious tumults in
which each note sounded blurred the one that preceded it, and
in so doing "slurred" itself. A great thinker said:
"I will try to see things as they are and then try to say
them as I see them." So has your committee. The misfits
have been worked out and the befits worked in. Happy the
man who finds virgin deeds in virgin soil, and then works in
virgin hope, through virgin love and finds virgin results.
The authority for this work lies in the following:
The "We, the East Los Angeles Church, ask the Dis-
Authority. trict Meeting (of 1909) to choose and empower a
committee of five members to codify the Minutes
of the District Meetings of Southern California and Arizona,
and in the codification insert a brief history of each congre-
gation and report its work to the next District Meeting." D.
A. Norcross, B. F. Masterson, M. M. Eshelman, W. E. Trostle
and A. M. White were made such committee. At a special
meeting of the Committee, M. M. Eshelman was chosen to
prepare the history. Later, A. M. White moved to the north-
ern District of California, and W. H. Keim was chosen to fill
the vacancy. The Committee has tried to be quite impartial
and could use only such material as came to hand. All is sub-
mitted in all grace to all.
Take down your Bible and observe how many
Personals, thousands of persons God uses to convey Divine
elements to mankind. In this work the things done
could not be separated from the individuals who did them, so
the Committee has given them as they came. The Committee
commends the good actions of God's Workers to all who may
read these sketches, and hope that each may strive to have a
busy life as Christ makes such lives.
History of the Church of the Brethern
Samuel A. Overholtzer and wife emigrated from Mount
Carroll, Illinois, by team in 1864 and settled at Elk Slough,
Sacramento County, California. A California slough is a body
of water running out from a river just the reverse of an Indiana
creek, which empties into a river. It was at such a slough that
Brother Overholtzer made his first home in California. He
next located at Bantos and later settled at Covina and became
a leading Orange Grower and a permanent member of the
Covina Church. His home was the stopping place of both
members and others, who honored the husband and wife for
their excellent characters. They were kind, generous, faithful
and loyal to their church vows. He gave freely to the cause
of Christ and to the Lordsburg College and is yet living in the
hearts of many people who knew him.
Another permanent early settler was Brother George
Wolfe of Adams County, Illinois. A long, tedious journey
from Carthage, Illinois, then down the Mississippi River on
through the Gulf of Mexico and Carribbean Sea across the
Isthmus of Panama and then up the Pacific Coast to San
Francisco, he landed in the Pajairo Valley and later settled at
Gilroy, California. His last residence was at Lathrop, Cali-
fornia, where most of the members had settled. He was
a nephew of Elder George Wolfe, an early settler in Illinois.
He opened the cause by holding a camp meeting near Stock-
ton, which has been continued to this day. His associates in
pioneering were Henry Haines and Daniel Houser, who were
the inventors of the combined harvester and thresher.
Elder George Wolfe gathered around him quite a number
10 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
of active workers, whose names we would be glad to mention
but cannot for the lack of space.
In pioneering, Brother Hoxie stands among
Elder George the first on this coast. Born in Bedford. Mass-
Hoxie. achusetts, rasied a fisherman and a whaler,
he early took to the seas. His father was a
whaler on the Atlantic Ocean.
After securing the whale oil and blubber, the brig sailed
around Cape Horn and anchored at San Francisco on the
18th day of April, 1850. In fifteen days he and his father
started to Trinity County, California, seeking gold. They
went by way of Carson Valley with wagons and pack mules.
They reached Trinity River July 4th. By winter, four of
them had taken out $1700.00. They wintered on Weaver
Creek, and the next year they went to Salmon River with pack
train, and sold goods for awhile, then moved to Yreka and
went to merchandising. Flour was then $1.00 per pound. It
was known as "starvation time." In 1853 they battled with
the Rogue River Indians, and in 1854 Brother Hoxie married.
In 1863 he moved to Lockford, California. He was chosen
to the ministry at Lathrop, California. Later he moved to
Oregon and located on Williams Creek, Josephine County.
The conversion of himself and wife took place under the
preaching of Elder B. F. Moomaw of Virginia, who did
preaching at Lathrop in 1874. Brother Hoxie and wife at-
tended the services and were soon deeply in sympathy with
the truth. After praying to the Lord for guidance they ap-
plied for membership and were received as a very happy
couple. 3 | ;,
He and his estimable wife have pioneered for over thirty
years at the headwaters of Williams Creek, Josephine County,
Oregon. He traveled long distances and did a great deal of
preaching. A few years ago a church was organized at his
place and a good house of worship erected on land near his
The first love feast ever held in that region, forty miles
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 1 1
from any other congregation of the Brethren, was held in his
apple orchard in the summer of 1911, the writer officiating.
In 1896 rigging up a heavy spring wagon, and pulled by
a horse and mule, he and his wife carried out a unique method
of missionary work. From their home to Los Angeles is about
600 miles. On the way down he stopped at nearly every house
on the highway and knocking at the door said to the one
answering the call, "Would you have some tracts and prayer?"
The responses usually were favorable, so he and wife gave
many blessings which eternity will unfold. At one place the
man said, "We do our own praying," and Bro. Hoxie said:
"Good." They returned home the same way after visiting
nearly all the congregations in Southern California.
THE FIRST CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN ON THE
The discovery of the vast domain in the northwest part
of the United States awakened the latent feelings of the indus-
trials in the eastern part of the country, hence many thousands
of families sought the land to make homes. Among them were
some members of the Church of the Brethren. The means of
transportation were crude — by oxen, mules and horses — the
overland journey was long and tedious, especially to women
In 1850 came into the Willamette Valley, Oregon, Benja-
min Hardman, Sr., and wife, Mary ; Joseph and Barbara Hard-
man ; in 1853-4, Joshua Hardman and wife, Anna ; David and
Susan Peebler, the brother being a deacon; Philip Baltimore
and wife, Mary; Jacob Wigelad and wife, Catherine; John and
Minerva Ritter; Solomon and Elizabeth Ritter; Daniel Leedy
and wife, Mary. All these were members of the church.
In 1855 Aaron Baltimore and wife became successful
overlanders from South Bend, Indiana. Aaron died a minister.
Brother Daniel Leedy was a minister in the first degree
and from Jefferson County, Iowa. He was the first member
to come across the country by ox-team. He settled as did most
of the others near Lebanon, east of the county seat, Albany,
Oregon. Providence did much for first conditions in the
Willamette Valley, fringing the wide region by two great and
dense-timbered mountains. By muscular power Leedy made a
good home ; by spirit force he set the foundation for a strong
church and in a few years had a fine community of believers.
It was "new wine in new skins," and it became enriching and
In 1855 the loyal members sought to be organized into a
working body and to be associated with the Brotherhood of
believers in Jesus. They petitioned the yearly meeting held in
the Aughwick Church, Pennsylvania, at which there were one
hundred and ten delegates, Henry Kurtz being clerk and James
14 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Quinter assistant clerk. They were authorized to empower Bro.
Daniel Leedy, a minister then only in the first degree, to organ-
ize the first church on the Pacific Coast. We would like to give
that letter signed by Elder Henry Kurtz a place here, but its
length forbids. Here are the names of the Standing Committee
who authorized the organization :
George Hoke, of Ohio; John Molsbaugh, of Ohio; J.
Leatherman, John Metzger and Daniel Fry, of Illinois ; John
Kline and Daniel Brower, of Virginia ; D. P. Saylor and George
Bear, of Maryland ; Daniel Bolinger, John H. Umstead, John
Berkley and Andrew Spanogle, of Pennsylvania. The church
was organized in 1856, and a house of worship erected in 1880,
seven miles northwest from Lebanon, and the church named
Lebanon. Recently this house was sold and a new one built
in Albany and the name changed to that of Albany, Oregon.
Among those who labored most earnestly in the ministry were
M. M. Bashor, Joel Sherfy, Harvey Sherlock, Aaron Baltimore
and Jacob Bahr. About twenty years after the organization,
Satan built a synagogue here and scattered the flock. Elder
Hiram Smith, formerly of Los Angeles, California, is now
shepherd of the flock and the work is being blessed.
THE COVINA CONGREGATION
In some sense it is said that the Covina church is "the
mother congregation" of the Southern California churches,
being the first in the field. Her organization dates from June
20, 1885. Previous to that time there were members residing
at various places in this section of the state, mostly, however,
in Los Angeles County. An assembly at the residence of
Brother Martin Bashor effected an organization. At this meet-
ing, Elders A. F. Deeter and J. S. Flory, who then lived at
Tehunga, twenty-five miles north of Los Angeles, were placed
in charge of the church's interests. Brother Christian Wine, a
minister, acted as Clerk. The following named members were
enrolled : A. F. Deeter and wife Elizabeth, J. S. Flory and
wife Elizabeth, America Finch, Joseph D. Finch, N. D. Hadsell,
Levi W. Riley and wife Belinda, Felix Hess and wife Eliza-
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
beth, L. E. Miller and wife Lena, Susan Bashor, Esther Mid-
daugh, Ella Middaugh, Christian Wine and Henry D. Finch.
These eighteen members thoroughly united, took the name,
"The Church of Southern California."
The Covina Church.
There were no boundary lines prescribed ; the territory
embraced about seven or eight counties. There was certainly
room enough for expansive hearts to work in. Measures were
taken immediately to erect a house of worship. The solicitors
and building committee were Levi W. Riley, Christian Wine,
Martin Bashor, N. D. Hadsell and Eli Middaugh.
16 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
One of the pioneers in Southern California was Levi W.
Riley, who in an early day settled in Orange, California. His
certificate of transfer is dated at Rock Run Church, Elkhart
County, Indiana, September 19, 1874. He was an earnest
Brother, and with his wife Belinda did a great deal for the
cause. She is yet living in Tropico.
The first official election occurred January 5, 1889, Frank
Calvert and Darius Overholtzer being chosen deacons. The
general mission board sent J. C. Whitmore to preach in South-
ern California in the winter of 1888 and 1889. He served the
church at Covina, Los Angeles .Tehunga, Ventura County and
Stockton. About twenty-five persons were converted.
The ministerial force was strengthened by the arrival of
Elder D. A. Norcross, who located in Glendora early in
1888; he presented his church certificate in July of that
year. The Covina Church has been "aggressive and pro-
gressive" in the truth, much of her early history covering all
the territory where the other congregations now exist. Six
other congregations sprang from her efforts, viz: Cone jo
(Ka-na-ho) in Ventura County in 1889, Tropico in 1890,
Lordsburg in 1891, Glendora in 1892, Santa Ana in 1903, and
Long Beach in 1907. In all the congregations, for the first few
years, the increase was largely by immigration from the eastern
states. Early after the organization Elder Peter Overholtzer, a
man of worth in scriptural study and effort, was active in the
church. He ruled for several years before his death with fer-
vor, diligence. J. S. Flory was his assistant. Brother Over-
holtzer had charge of the church up to March, 1895, and then
for awhile there was no resident elder, the labors falling prin-
cipally upon George F. Chemberlen, then a young man with
considerable vigor and carefulness for the church's interest
and separation from contaminating worldly things. Under
these conditions the Covina church took on rapid growth,
numerically and spiritually. The church has had the aid of the
following named persons : J. W. Trostle, D. A. Norcross and
Christian Wine, the latter having the oversight of the church
for a time and was a successful ruler. He was succeeded in
1900 by George F. Chemberlen, and he by D. A. Norcross, and
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 17
he by Harvey Snell. At this writing George F. Chemberlen
In the origin of the church there came to help S. A. Over-
holtzer. Overholtzer was a man of large heart. His home was
a veritable guest-house for both members and others. Here with
his large family, some of whom became active workers in the
church, he entertained with grace. Brother Overholtzer was
one of the founders of the Lordsburg College and gave freely
of his wealth for its development. Daniel Houser also gave
liberally toward its foundation and eventually gave the greater
part of an eighty-acre orange grove to the Brotherhood for
mission work. The first house of worship cost Nine Hundred
In 1901 the house at Covina was destroyed by fire, being
a total loss, as the insurance had expired. The membership
immediately erected the present house.
Elders — D. A. Norcross, John S. Brubaker, S. P. Jones,
Henry Lilligh, Stephen Yoder, Christian Wine, George F.
Chemberlen, Harvey Snell, J. W. Trostle, S. G. Lehmer, W.
Q. Calvert, Peter Overholtzer and S. W. Funk.
Ministers — Darius Overholtzer, William Piatt, Oscar
Mathias, A. M. White, D. H. Weaver, Henry Larick, John
Haines, Stanley Gregory, David Overholtzer, S. C. Urey and
Harry Brandt. With the present ministry thirty-one preachers
resided here in thirty years.
Deacons — William H. Overholtzer, C. J. Brandt, E. G.
Zug, John Dunlap, Samuel Fessler, John E. Bosserman, Oscar
Middaugh, Henry Brubaker, Ira Netzley, M. P. Custer,
William Roberts, William Lewis, Jesse A. Calvert, G. W. Hep-
ner, Joseph Brubaker and William Aschenbrenner.
Donated for home missionary work, $216.98, in 1915,
$198.00, in 1916, $253.00, or a total of $667.98.
In Sunday School efforts in 1913 the enrollment was 220;
teachers, 12, and offerings, $256.04. In 1914 the enrollment
of pupils was 188 and offerings $214.37, teachers, 13. In 1915
pupils enrolled 150, teachers 12 and offerings $244.80. In 1916
the enrollment was 195, offerings not stated, teachers 17. The
offerings for three years were $713.21.
18 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
An effort to colonize the region around Covina was made
early in 1884 by J. S. Flory, P. S. Myers and Hadsell upon
lands owned by Mr. Philips; but like some other transient
things it never grew into actuality. Elder J. S. Flory had
visited the place with his wife in 1883, being correspondent for
several eastern papers, gave the country some valuable write-
ups. Among the early arrivals were Sister Lavina Mullen-
dore, Brother T. E. Finch and Levi Riley, Felix Hess and
wife. The first preaching was by Elder J. S. Flory at a week's
meeting, corner of San Pedro and Los Angeles streets, Los
Angeles, in 1885. He also preached in Compton. Council was
held by Brother Flory and others at the home of Tobias Cripe
on Jefferson street, Los Angeles, as early as 1885.
Edward and America Finch were early comers into Co-
vina, and on July 7, 1888, a mission board was created to meet
the ministerial expenses at the appointments at Tehunga and
other distant points. The board consisted of J. D. Finch,
S. A. Overholtzer. Solicitors were David Flory and Barbara
Elder D. L. Miller of Mount Morris, Ills., preached his
first sermon at Covina Feb. 6, 1888, and while there also de-
livered a Bible Land lecture. He had been chosen at Mount
Morris just before leaving for California.
The first organized Sunday School was effected April 8,
1888, and Geo. F. Chemberlen was its Superintendent, and
Jos. D. Finch became Secretary. There were four classes.
No lesson quarterly was permitted, but by 1898 their values
As part of the Covina church the first love feast was held
in Tropico May 30, 1891. At this feast a request was made to
organize a church in Tropico. The following named were
charter members: J. S. Elory and wife, Felix Hess, Geo.
Diehl, Belinda Riley, Jacob Shelly, Mary Shelly, Samuel Cripe,
Margaret Cripe, John and Susan Wolf, Moses Flory and wife,
Elijah Wolfting, Isaac Boyer, John E. Megie, Lucy Megie,
Oliver Megie, Anna Megie, Frank Calvert, a deacon; Lucy J.
Bicket, Joseph Bicket, Jacob and Sarah Royer, S. G. Lehmer,
a minister ; Lucy J. Kelley, D. P. Flory, John N. Johnson, Ed-
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 19
ward Johnson, Mary Gnagey, Sarah Gnagey, Mary J. Carpen-
ter, Bro. Carpenter, S. Morton, a minister ; W. Howard Flory,
Lizzie N. Calvert, D. H. Weaver, a minister; Lizzie and Lot-
tie Flory, Fanny Flory, Cunningham, Aaron A. Wolf, Clara
B. Wolf, Geo. Sutton, Alva Johnson, Mary Ann Johnson, Ma-
tilda Johnson, Martha Johnson, Nettie Royer, Aug. Bush, a
deacon ; Jane Bush, Benjamin S. Bohn, Ella Myers, W. H.
Hedrick, Mary Kiler, Susie Van Home, Chas. Flory, Ford
Mowerer, John Ikenberry.
Levi J. Riley and J. E. Megie were delegates to District
Meeting in Los Angeles from Tropico on February 20, 1890.
This history which- should appear in the Tropico part is given
because the write-up for Tropico is already in type.
The Covina church has undergone many testings and some
changes. Cut out of the world it early took on the elements
of "separation" from the world. It was really the moulder of
sentiment for many years into spirit and genius peculiar to
the nickname, "Dunkerism." For however may be the thots
and considerations, that name "Dunker," or Tunker from the
German word "Taufen" carried with it a spirit of grace not
found anywhere else ; so the Divine entities or essences which
lie undereath the faith and practice of this people, do result in
peculiarities which separate from the world. Under the direc-
tion of Elders Peter Overholtzer, C. Wine, D. A. Norcross,
J. W. Trostle, Harvey Snell and Geo. F. Chemberlen, who had
charge for nine years, consecutively, and now is overseeing the
membership, the actualities have kept on general lines. How
much they differed in the various stages laid up with God man
cannot always reach a just conclusion. Just as each manifested
or drank in the wisdom from above, and operated in its eight
parts, (James 3:17) so came results. If the eight elements
of that wisdom were all the time exercised the results must be
right and acceptable with Him who sends them into human
hearts. If only one or a few of those holy elements were given
right to heart-love, be assured the growth must be retarded or
unfavorably affected. And what such applicaitons were to
Covina, as the first congregation, will apply to any other under
like conditions. With like force, wherever those eight ele-
ments of Divine Wisdom were or are recognized in all their
20 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
power and beauty there results are growth as God knows and
brings, and not as man may denominate "growth."
The first organization that sprang out of the
Cone jo Covina congregation was at Conejo, Ventura
Church. County, Cal. Here Thos. Finch, C. Wine and
Geo. Chemberlen made homes early in the his-
tory of the Church of the Brethren. It was organized in Feb-
ruary, 1889. Christian Wine was the resident minister. Here
Brother Geo. F. Chemberlen was chosen to the ministry and
C. J. Brandt called to the office of deacon. Fourteen members
were enrolled at the organization. The first lovefeast was
held May 5, 1888. About the same time the members at Co-
vina changed the organization's name from "The Church of
Southern California" to that of Covina, which means — see
dictionary. The District Meeting of 1891 was held at Conejo,
after which nearly all the members moved into other places,
so that the organization became inactive.
This third congregation had its beginning in Brother Levi
and Sister Belinda Riley, who came from Goshen, Indiana. In
1884 he purchased eleven acres on Glendale avenue, in Tropico,
and at once took steps to erect a church house. Brother Silas
Morton, a minister, came about the same time. Soon after-
wards Aaron Wolfe and his father became residents. The
Riley place passed into other hands in 1891, Brother Riley
having passed away the year previous. Near the center of this
block of Riley's the writer of these notes is completing this
history. Levi Riley left bequests of $500.00 for Bridgewater
College, Virginia ; $500.00 for Lordsburg College, $500.00 for
missionary work in Los Angeles City, $1000.00 for mis-
sionary work in Los Angeles County. Sister Riley, now
eighty-five years of age, still lives (January, 1917) just across
the street from the old homestead.
The deacon force consisted of Adam Bohn, Aaron Wolfe,
E. A. Stutsman, Augustus Bush.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 2 1
This congregation was gradually absorbed by the member-
ship in Los Angeles from 1890 to 1897. The ministers in Los
Angeles maintained appointments, though for six months the
services ceased altogther. December 17, 1903, her activities
were resumed. Out of this congregation originated First Los
Angeles Church, and the Inglewood Congregation, and the
Channing Street Mission. In December, 1913, Elder Christian
Wine took charge.
On December 28, 1903, Ed Shively and wife, William
Stutsman, Melvin Stutsman, E. A. Stutsman and wife, S. S.
Garst and wife, Sarah Hartman, Oscar Hartman and Joseph
Shively and wife arrived from Kansas and assumed member-
ship. Aaron Wolfe was the first Sunday School Superinten-
dent and Christian Wine and Aaron Wolfe were delegates
to the district meeting in 1903. Christian Wine was Elder in
charge, but resigned, owing to poor health. December 10, 1904,
S. G. Lehmer was chosen. On June 25, 1912, Elder Stephen
Yoder placed his membership here.
Those from the city who assisted ministerially were Peter
Myers, S. G. Lehmer, G. G. Lehmer, J. W. Cline and J. Z.
One of the most far reaching historic events to the general
brotherhood had its origin in Tropico Church. It was the
bicentennial of the Church of the Brethren in 1908. Brethren
Church reached its two hundredth year at that time. It was
fit to celebrate the event in a proper manner. A suggested plan
was adopted March 9, 1907, and sent to the District Meeting
which seconded it at Oak Grove, March 28, 1907. It was then
forwarded to the Los Angeles Annual Meeting of the same
year. M. M. Eshelman represented the Church June 6th, 7th
and 8th at the General Conference in Des Moines, Iowa. Ed-
ward Shively and Charles Fishel were called to the diaconate,
and William Stutsman ordained to the Eldership, and S. S.
Garst was put into the second degree of proficiencies, Septem-
ber 25, 1909.
In the winter of 1911 William Stutsman moved into Ari-
zona and S. G. Lehmer was called to preside over the church's
interest. Later, Elder S. S. Garst took charge. December 21,
22 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
1913, John H. Getz and J. J. Reppert were chosen to the
The Tropico Church.
Officers, 1917 — S. S. Garst and M. M. Eshelman, joint
overseers ; J. J. Reppert, minister in first degree ; A. E. Stuts-
man, Charles F. Fishel and William Mickle, deacons ; E. A.
Stutsman, treasurer ; William Mickle, clerk ; Alice Garst,
chorister; William Mickle, Sunday School superintendent;
E. A. Stutsman, assistant ; Ivy Garst, secretary and treasurer.
Her Sunday School efforts during the past two years are
as follows :
In 1915 — Enrollment 50, donations $57.37, teachers 6.
In 1916 — Enrollment 73, contributions $63.43, officers and
teachers, 10, classes 5.
Tropico church has enjoyed a great deal of systematic
Bible study the past twelve years.
Elder Yoder preached up to near the time of his depart-
ure for the new realm. His ministry in a long life bore fruit
to the joy of many in Christ, and the end was glorious, worthy
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 23
of imitation. He believed Jesus, hence obeyed him, through
all infirmities. He died in triumph of saving faith at the good
age of 87 years, 6 months and 8 days.
November 1, 1891, the following named persons became
charter members of what is now known as the Lordsburg
Church: Elder John Metzger acted as Chairman. Elders
Peter Overholtzer and Peter S. Myers and J. S. Flory were
present as helpers. Charter members were T. J. Nair, David
Bolinger, M. M. Eshelman, Peter Hartman, Mary F. Nair,
Rachel Bolinger, Elizabeth Hartman, E. G. Zug, George W.
Mathias, Harvey Myers, Peter Enfield, John W. Hoff, Jerry
Cozad, Emanuel Rhoades, Benjamin Zug, Frank Cline, John
Swoveland, Charles Hackenburg, Daniel Hackenburg, Mary
Zug, Barbara Mathias, Emma Myers, Sarah Enfield, Jennie
Hoff, Fanny Cozad, Delia Swoveland and Lizzie A.. Eshelman.
Elder John Metzger was chosen overseer, M. M. Eshelman
secretary, and E. G. Zug treasurer.
Preaching services were held the first and third Sundays
in Gates Hall, and each second and fourth Sunday at Eswena
in San Bernardino County.
In January, 1891, the membership was increased by the
arrival of H. W. Hufford, Dora Hufford, W. R. Whitesell, G.
W. Bishop and wife, Amos and Elizabeth Hartman, William
and Alice Hartman, Amos and Susan Wrightman, John and
Hannah Cripe and Molly Boon.
At a meeting April 25th efforts were made to employ a
missionary, but. the local ministerial force was regarded as quite
sufficient. The church asked for the district meeting of 1892,
to be held here, and the Annual Meeting of 1894. The first
love feast was held in Gates Hall, April 25, 1891. In July
16, 1891, eleven members were addded by certificate. In Sep-
tember, 1891, B. F. Masterson arrived. A room in the present
college building was used for preaching services and Sunday
School. In October twenty-one members were added to the
body by certificate. F. U. Nofzinger served as Superintendent
of the Sunday School and J. F. Neher was Chorister. The
24 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
oversight of the church was given to Elders John Metzger,
J. S. Flory and J. W. Metzger. A love feast was held Decem-
ber 25th. On January 10, 1892, began the first series of meet-
ings by Elder Andrew Hutchinson. Dr. S. S. Garst and Peter
Hartman were delegates to the District Meeting held in 1892.
F. U. Nofzinger was re-elected Sunday School Superintendent
and S. A. Larkin Assistant Superintendent, W. F. Neher Sec-
retary and Lottie Flory, Assistant Secretary, and M. Curtis
Masterson became Secretary of the Church. October 3rd,
1892, meetings were ordered to be held in McComas Hall,
The Lordsburg Church.
On January 17, 1893, W. H. Neher became Superintendent
of the Sunday School. B. F. Masterson and E. A. Miller were
delegates to the District Conference.
On June 17, 1893, a love feast was held at Egan, River-
side County. On January 7, 1895, J. S. Flory resigned the
oversight of the church and J. S. Mohler was selected in his
stead. Meetings were held at San Dimas of this year. On
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 25
March 25th, J. C. Whitmer was selected as Sunday School
Superintendent and a request that General Conference be held
here in 1896. October 7th Andrew Overholtzer was chosen
Superintendent of Sunday School.
January, 1896, Elder A. Hutchinson was engaged to hold
a series of meetings. In 1900 a committee prepared a pro-
gram for "Young People's Meetings." A local Mission Board
looked after Gospel disseminations. Brother W. I. T. Hoover
at this time was very active in building up the congregation of
believers. Elder William J. Thomas had charge of the church.
In 1902 Brother J. W. Lear settled here and gave his
services to the cause of Christ. A building committee consist-
ing of Edmond Forney, David Kuns and J. W. Cline erected
a church house which since has been enlarged.
On January 5, 1903, steps were taken to revive the preach-
ing services in Pomona. It resulted in the present organization.
Elder I. J. Rosenburg of Ohio conducted a series of meetings.
January 21st, 1904, Harvey Vaniman was called to serve
as a Deacon. October 7th, 1907, Edmond Forney was called to
oversee the congregation and held the position for a number of
years. The ministerial and deacon force has been quite
extensive. The following is a partial list :
Elders— D. A. Norcross, J. K. Shively, S. J. Miller, J. P.
Dickey, W. F. England, Edward Frantz, P. B. Fitzwater,
Edmund Forney, Samuel Henry, I. J. Harshbarger, George
Hanawalt, Stephen Johnson, Thomas Keiser.
Second Degree— H. A. Brandt, J. M. Cox, I. V. Funder-
burgh, Ernest Hoff, W. I. T. Hoover, Henry M. Harvey, G.
W. Keiffaber, J. L. Lehman, I. N. Miller, A. A. Neher, S. A.
Overholtzer, J. E. Throne, Ernest Vaniman.
Deacons — J. M. Miller, C. J. Brandt, David Blickenstaff,
C. M. Barnhizer, Isaiah Brenneman, J. H. Brubaker, Peter
Dubois, C. E. Dresher, Peter Fesler, M. D. Hershey, David
Horning, L. C. Klinzman.
First Degree — Ernest Davis, W. K. Franklin, H. L. Hol-
sopple, Harvey Hanawalt.
Deacons — J. L. Miller, John Minnich, J. L. Minnich,
26 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Jacob Price, Elmer Redman, D. B. Stayer, John Sealer, George
Ullery, Harvey Vaniman, J. P. Vaniman.
In 1913 the Lordsburg Church gave for district mission
work $341.75; in 1914, $380.00; in 1915, $481.00; in 1916,
$623.20, or a total of $1828.95.
Good Works. — In 1914 the membership was 310; Sunday
School enrollment 326; offerings $351.80, teachers 15.
In 1915 the membership was 333; enrollment in Sunday
School 390 ; offerings $537.76, teachers 18.
In 1916 membership 341 ; Sunday School pupils 326; offer-
ings $359.80, teachers 15. Total offerings in three years
January 21st, 1904, Harvey Vaniman was called to serve
as deacon. October 7, 1907, Elder Edmond Forney was called
to act as Elder in charge.
Elder George F. Chemberlen held a series of meetings in
March, 1913, and eleven were converted.
In February, 1915, in a protracted service by Elder W. F.
England, eighteen were added to the church by conversion and
During December, 1915, Elder Isaac Frantz held services
and twenty were baptized and one reclaimed.
Peter Fessler was Clerk during 1913 and I. V. Funderburg
for the next three years.
Love feasts are held semi-annually with about 280 com-
One minister chosen April 5, 1916.
Ernest Vaniman and wife are supported by this church as
missionaries at Ping Ting, Hsien, Shansi Province, China.
A mission was supported in San Dimas for some time.
James A. Sakakura, a native of Japan, was the first convert,
admitted September 19, 1909. He was the first Japanese to
unite with the Church of the Brethren. The increase from this
beginning has reached seven.
Number baptized during the past four years 62; received
by letter, 120; members reclaimed, 4.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 27
Originally Glendora was a part of the Covina Church. In
February, 1889, D. A. Norcross came to that village and placed
his membership with the Covina brethren and sisters. There
were six other members in Glendora at that time ; few in num-
ber, but by no means lonesome. The attractions and virtues
of like precious faith worked out many values to the few.
However, in a few months two of the number took train for
Indiana, leaving D. A. Norcross, Thomas Trout and wife, and
John R. Wolfley and wife as the only disciples.
The Glendora Church.
The first meetings were held in the Christian Church
house by Elder J. C. Whitmore of Missouri, in the Spring of
1889. His preaching was unadulterated with world elements.
All went well until some neglected truths of the Gospel began
to find entrance into the hearts of some of the disciples of the
Christian fold, looking to further obedience to Christ, then
the doors refused to swing open any longer for the evangelist.
In 1890 other members took residence there. It was
named a "dry town," not because of want of sufficient water to
immerse believers, but because it was a place of great quietude
28 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Brother Norcross would not keep quiet, so when series
of meetings were to be held he had a Godly fashion of making
his right hand print notices in large, beautiful letters, and the
trees were utilized to hold them up for people to read. Any
one who had "learned letters" could not help reading his adver-
tisements. And the attendance at the services showed that the
people had read the script printing. A more commendable
means to announce preaching services is difficult to find.
Brother Norcross at one time "a single immersionist"
himself, and finding out better, he was sincerely willing to
announce the more perfect way to others. S. Snyder and wife,
Henry Netzley and wife, John Miller and wife and J. E.
Bosserman and wife were next his associates.
The same year they asked the Covina church to give them
preaching services twice each month, and it was granted. The
effort was characterized by much love and enduring fellowship.
Now about this time there was a religious band in Glendora
called the United Brethren, somewhat old fashioned in practice
and manners. A union of action on plans of services was
agreed upon by these people and the few members of the
Church of the Brethren. There was a good deal of "Brethren"
name among both these people so they concluded to be brethren
in part, at least, socially. Each agreed to pay half the expenses
of fitting up the Alosta Hall and the rent thereof. Preaching
services were held alternately twice each month. On Wednes-
day evening a joint prayer meeting was held, D. A. Norcross
conducting it one time and Dr. Lesh the next. The Sunday
School was also "union." The services were pleasant and agree-
able. The United Brethren furnished the zeal and our Brethren
and Sisters furnished the doctrine and practices. The doctrine
of Christ won the day and the occasion. The Brethren were
in the minority, but right living was forcible and effective. The
United Brethren have no flock in Glendora; the Brethren
number near 188 and some very good works are flourishing
for "necessary uses." Members increased, good works grew,
and it is to be hoped that in the silence and stillness of Him
who sees and does according to His own "good pleasure," found
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 29
that growth in Spirit is far greater than even good works which
have been established only for "necessary uses."
Elder S. G. Lehmer held the first series of services, being
the first of such meetings available in Alosta Hall by our
people. The membership were strengthened and a number
added to the church, notably Sister Sarah Morris, who became
a very active worker for Christ before she "passed over." She
had in her soul a constantly burning fire of love and expressed
it on many occasions in her neighborhood and in the church.
The third series of services were held in Alosta Hall by
Elder B. F. Masterson in the spring of 1893. Ten were led
by the Spirit, through the faith, to lead a new life.
Soon after this gathering Elder J. S. Mohler conducted
a number of meetings and God added seven more to the
church. All these enriching services brought forth fruit.
Those were days of simplicity when those "of like precious
faith" clung together as do the oranges upon a healthy tree.
There was unity of spirit and grace of love. Services were
held in Alosta Hall until the close of 1894, when a house of
worship was erected.
Elder D. A. Norcross entered the field to make sure of
getting the new house. You who know him realize how difficult
it is to pass him when any good work is going forward. He
took charge of the subscription paper for the church building
and after a brief perambulation over the Covina, Tropico, Los
Angeles and Glendora regions returned with $930.00 on prom-
ises. Its genuineness was questioned. This challenge quickened
the zealous brother and he announced that if not genuine he
would meet the issue gracefully and righteously. That took
root. The subscriptions took a new start, and met with such
a welcome that when the structure was completed, at a cost of
$1552.40, it was dedicated with joy. Brethren George W.
Mathias, Henry Netzley and John E. Bosserman superintended
its construction and every cent was found to have been right-
eously applied. County Supervisor Cook donated 30 chairs to
the edifice. Elder Enoch Eby of Blinois preached the dedica-
The first notable events in the new building were a series
30 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
of sermons by Elder I. D. Parker of Indiana, and his discussion
with Professor Keith of Kentucky, a minister of the Christian
or Disciple Church. Brother Parker came out of the discussion
with great credit to himself and the Church of the Brethren.
He was assisted in preparation by B. F. Masterson, D. A. Nor-
cross and Samuel Urey. Later Elder J. W. Lear of Illinois
conducted a very excellent series of meetings. David Hollinger
of Ohio and M. M. Eshelman each held Bible Schools after
all these preaching services.
Out of "clearing away the brush" or making the pathway
straight by the building up process, grew the present church
organization. Like all of God's beginnings in evangelization,
the preliminary efforts were made by the few, and under very
October 4th, 1892, the Covina Church took action to put
the Glendora members under self government by appointing
E. G. Zug, Ira Netzley and William Overholtzer as a committee
to report a line between the two congregations. On Novem-
ber 22nd the membership embraced within the territory of
Glendora met and elected Elder George Shamberger as pre-
siding officer, assisted by Elders Edmond Forney, S. G. Lehmer
and Stephen Johnson and Daniel Deardorf. Elder J. S. Bru-
baker took charge of the church. D. H. Gnagey, Ira Netzley
and Oscar Mathias were chosen Trustees, the latter also as
clerk. On March -2nd, 1903, the congregation was named the
"Glendora Church of the Brethren." A love feast was par-
ticipated in May 6 of this year. Elders D. A. Norcross and
J. W. Trostle were the first delegates to District Meeting held
in Colton, California. At this meeting there were reported
three Elders, two ministers, three deacons and eighty-three
During the winter Elder D. L. Miller delivered his Bible
Land lectures and the church contributed to the cause of
missions $78.87. David Gnagey and Oliver Yost were chosen
to the diaconate. The first Annual Visit was reported and
all members were found in love and union with each other.
From this time on we note the principle working forces
were J. S. Brubaker, Elder in Charge; Elder S. W. Funk,
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 31
and D. A. Norcross for a season until he moved to Newberg,
There were ninety-two members enrolled at the organiza-
tion. In ten years seventy-eight were baptized, 177 received
by letter and 137 dismissed by certificate; five have had fellow-
ship withdrawn and fifteen have died. The 1912 member-
ship is 188. This is an exceedingly good showing.
The first ministerial meeting was held in Alosta Hall,
In 1913 the contributions for missions were $140.00; in
1914, $246.40; in 1915, $231.00; in 1916, $312.80, or a total
in four years of $930.20.
In Sunday School work Glendora has been to the fore-
front. Brother J. C. Whitmer has been Superintendent for a
number of years and has fine organizing powers with his splen-
did corps of teachers. The work has resulted in excellent con-
structions in the Spirit.
In 1913 there were reported as enrolled 327 pupils; con-
tributions $404.21. The membership was 200.
In 1914 there were 321 pupils, and the collections amounted
to $341.90. The membership was 175.
In 1915 the enrollment was 335; offerings $350.70; the
In 1916 the number of pupils were 242 ; offerings $367.72.
Eight Sunday School pupils put on Christ this year.
In 1914 one joined the Lord's assembly and in 1913 seven
began to serve the Lord.
The church is under the oversight of George H. Bashor,
who is giving all his time to the great Cause, much beloved and
earnest is he. All the services are largely attended. As help-
ers Brother Bashor has a fine band of deacons, E. G. Zug being
senior, John Smeltzer, O. P. Yost, Daniel Gnagey, I. B. Netz-
ley, Daniel Netzley, John Netzley, M. F. Brumbaugh, J. C.
Whitmer, Elmer H. Heisey, Roy Brubaker and John Gnagey.
Brother George H. Bashor completed a revival service in
1916, resulting in eleven conversions.
The Glendora Church stands well in efficiency. It is
said that hermid-week prayer services are attended by as many
32 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
as eighty-five persons. With her splendidly organized Sunday
School, her Christian Workers, her teachers' meetings, her
Sisters Aid and Japanese work, her occasional Bible Terms,
her watchful care, her fixed principles in separation from the
world and separation unto Christ, she sheds forth "light to the
world," persuading sinners into Christ.
The first settlers were W. J. Thomas and several of his
children and M. M. Eshelman. The church was organized
March 25, 1896, with the following charter members : W. J.
Thomas and wife Rebecca, J. S. Thomas and wife Susie, C. F.
Ives and wife Katie, Mary Thomas, Percy Thomas, wife
Mollie; Trilly Roush, Samuel Cripe and wife, R. G. McDonald
and wife, Isaac Boyer, Charles F. Fishel and wife, Sister Boon.
Later Phillip Moore and wife and W. H. Neher and wife.
Elder W. J. Thomas had charge of the church.
In 1901 the church house was built. Dedicatory sermon
preached by S. G. Lehmer. In 1903 Elder D. L. Miller held
a series of meetings. In July, 1903, H. A. Whistler was called
to the Eldership, and in January, 1906, A. W. Vaniman held
In 1907 steps were taken to encourage the India Mission.
In 1910 Dorothy Thomas was assigned work in Redondo and
the church house built.
Nineteen hundred and two to nineteen hundred and eleven
there were thirty-one conversions. The first sister representa-
tive to annual meeting was Salome A. Watkins (now Eshel-
man) at Winona Lake, Indiana, in 1910. In Missionary Chris-
tian Workers and School enterprises the church has been quite
active. Redondo and Hermosa Beach earnest missionary
work has been carried on. Inglewood has assisted the District
Mission Board in the Redondo Mission.
The Redondo Beach Church House was dedicated July
28th by J. Z. Gilbert, and Oscar' Mathias was Sunday School
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 33
Superintendent. In 1911 Elder George H. Bashor held a
revival in Redondo and seven were added to the church. B. F.
Masterson, H. H. Ritter, W. Q. Calvert and Hiram Smith
rendered efficient services in Redondo.
Oscar Mathias was born June 24, 1887, at Virden, Illinois,
became a member of the church at Covina in 1894, chosen a
deacon in 1888 and elected to the ministry October, 1899.
The church house in Redondo has been moved to Hermosa
Beach and the mission is now in the care of S. D. Long.
In Sunday School work and other lines of constructive
Christian efforts, Inglewood has been very active. Her minis-
terial force, William J. Thomas, Isaac Thomas, J. C. Calvert,
W. Q. Calvert, B. F. Masterson and G. W. Kieffaber, who has
taken charge of her interests.
In Sunday School work Inglewood has done well ; most
of the time under the superintendency of Sister Susie Thomas.
In 1914 there was an enrollment of 71 pupils, and the offerings
were $86.22. In 1915, enrollment 54 and contributions of
$106.02; in 1916 the enrollment was 59 and offerings $133.33.
Hermosa Beach Mission being in her territory, the enroll-
ment there was 127 and offerings $80.25 ; the total enrollment
in the two schools was 186 and contributions $213.38, a fine
showing under the fact that during the past few years quite a
number of members have moved to other places.
FIRST CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
About 1887 J. E. Megie moved from Tropico into East
Los Angeles at Sichel and Main streets and their home soon
became a real hospitable stopping place for members of the
church. The social elements were strong in Brother and
Sister Megie, and the dear members worked this side very
freely. Later Elders P. S. Myers and wife took up the re-
ligious side and earnestly developed what resulted in the First
Church of the Brethren in Los Angeles. Others, namely
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Andrew Emmert, wife and daughters, Brother and Sister
Carpenter, Brother and Sister George Miller, S. G. Lehmer
and wife Ida, Brother and Sister Buckwalters, all worked to
one common end.
This congregation of believers has a most unique begin-
ning. It had its origin in the Tropico Church and the develop-
The First Church of the Brethren in Los Angeles.
234 South Hancock Street.
ments were so peculiar that they have a right to the name
"peculiar people" in this respect. The first church of Los
Angeles came out of the Tropico Church. The membership at
Tropico was left to fall into inaction and out of that inaction
the first church of Los Angeles was organized. Perhaps it
would be nearer the facts to say that the name of Tropico fell
into decline and East Los Angeles was substituted, and then
seven years later Tropico was revived by infusing a ministerial
force rather than reorganization. In truth Tropico was never
officially disorganized, but absorbed. The history of the
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 35
Tropico Church shows her activities from her organization in
1891 to 1898 was mostly from a Los Angeles point. Gradually
the membership in the city grew until it overshadowed the mem-
bership in and around Tropico. However, quite a number of
the councils and feasts were held in the Tropico Church. Little
by little the councils were held in a hall on Downey avenue
and Tropico lapsed into quietude for a season.
In 1893 Sister Ida Lehmer was authorized to solicit the
general church to build a house of worship in Los Angeles. It
was the period of transition from unorganized to organized
effort in missions in the Church of the Brethren. California
was then getting the support of organization also.
From November 21st to 28th, 1898, a great Bible School
was held at 234 South Hancock street, Los Angeles. Elder
Andrew Hutchinson preached each evening, and during the
day E. A. Miller of the Lordsburg College and M. M. Eshel-
man did the teaching, the latter doing most of the work. His
outlines, a part of which is herein given, are expressive of the
first efforts of systematic Bible study among the Brethren in.
Books, — Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, (a) Authors, (b)
When written, (c) Where written, (d) To whom written,
(e) Time covered, (f) Structure, (g) Teachings.
Divisions — (a) History, (b) Prophecy, (c) Precepts,
Origin of the Gospels— John XII:49-XIV:10. XVII :8.
Rom. 1:1. Acts XX:24.
Jehovah's love — (a) Its extent. John 111:16. (b) Its
power. Luke IX:46, John 111:17. (c) How manifested. 1
John 1:2. (d) How diffused in believers. Romans V:5.
Faith — (a) What it is. Heb. XI :I. (b) By whom given.
Rom. V:2. (c) Comes by hearing. Romans X:17. (d) How
it works. Gal. V:6. (e) What it secures. Romans 111:28,
Acts XXVI :19. (f) When dead. James 11:17-22. (g) Its
unity. Ephesians IV :5-13. (h) Its victory. 1 John V:4-5.
Repentence— (a) What it is. Luke XV:17-18. (b)
How produced. Rom. 11:4. (c) Comes out of what? 2 Cor.
VII :19. (d) Of things done. Luke XIX :8. (e) Of right
36 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
things observed. Acts VIII :30. (f) Act of turning. Acts
XXVI :20, Matt. XXI :29, Rom. VIII :14, Heb. XII :1.
Ordinances — Prayer. Its basic elements, (a) Divine
authority. John IX :4. (b) Divine example. Mark 1 :35. (c)
Divine command. Matt: Vl :9-13. (d) Divine promise.
Preaching — Its basic elements, (a) Divine authority.
Matt. 111:17. (b) Divine example. Matt. IV:17. (c) Divine
"command. Mark XVI :15. (d) Divine promise. Matt. X:22.
Baptism — Its basic elements, (a) Divine authority. Matt.
XXVIII :18. (b) Divine example. Matt. 111:16,17. (c)
Divine command. Matt. XXVIII :19. (d) Divine promise.
Matt. XXVIII :20.
Feetwashing — Its basic elements, (a) Divine authority.
Jno. XVIII :8. .(b) Divine example. John XIII :5. (c)
Divine command. Jno. XIII :14, 15. (d) Divine promise.
Jno. XIII .17.
The Lord's Supper — Its basic elements, (a) Divine
authority. Jno. XII :49. (b) Divine example. 1 Cor. XI :25,
Luke XXII :20. (c) Divine command. 1 Cor. V:8. (d)
Divine Promise. Jno. XIII; 17, Luke XIV :15.
The Holy Communion — Its basic elements, (a) Divine
authority. Jno. VI :57. (b) Divine example. Luke XXII :19,
20. (c) Divine command. Luke XXII: 19:20. (d) Divine
promise. Matt. XXVIII :20.
Principles and application were clearly taught, and re-
sults pointed out by life and good behavior.
On March 18, 1899, S. W. Funk was authorized to work
in the second degree of the ministry. September 30th of the
same year Charles Brubaker was chosen to the ministry and
later was sent to India as a missionary by the General Mission
Board, where he surrendered his present life for the cause, and
took up life in Jesus' prepared place. At the same time C. W.
Guthrie was chosen to the diaconate.
The year 1900 opened with increased activities. Meet-
ings were held a short time by P. S. Myers and S. G. Lehmer
in a hall on the second floor at 119*4 South Spring street, but
later moved to No. 2600 Downey avenue, where the church
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 37
worshipped until the church house was completed at 234 South
Hancock street, which house stands as a monument to the work
and constancy of Peter S. Myers.
The Sunday School and Mission Work were prosecuted
with vigor. George Miller, at the head of the Sunday School,
gave it his best, and as a leader and singer he placed the Sun-
day School on a high plane. Additions by conversion and by
letter came numerously. On January 23rd, 1890, S. G. Lehmer
was called to the Elder body. In 1901 the Sisters' Aid Society
took organized form.
By request of the Egan church the members in San Diego
were taken over by the Tropico church. Long had the few
members in San Diego battled alone without ministration of
the living ministry.
In 1902 came some anxieties. There was no inconsider-
able pain over actual and prospective evils arising from lack
of one-heartedness on world-separation in life and character.
The plea of centering efforts in the city was growing stronger
year by year, because the majority of the members lived in
Los Angeles. The way out to Tropico was by no means as
felicitous as it once was. The road was there as usual, but it
had its difficulties of course. J. W. Cline became pastor of
the church and he stirred up some inactive forces. The church
secured the aid of the District Mission Board in city needs.
P. S. Myers and J. W. Cline represented the church at
the Annual Meeting. Steps were taken to secure a lot for a
house of worship in Pasadena. Mary, Sarah Gnagey, Fanny
Light were active pioneers. They were zealous, devout, liberal
with money. The lot was found on the corner of Herkimer and
Hudson streets, where now stands a neat church edifice.
Vernon wanted a live Sunday School and got it. This
became the nucleus for the South Los Angeles Church. The
East Los Angeles Church originated the fourth Annual Meet-
ing District. This thought was first cogitated in the fertile
mind of P. S. Myers. That idea realized in great form in 1907.
As the membership increased in the city, the exuberances
for worshipping at Tropico became less animated. The affec-
tions were more upon the city environment. The usual in-
sistences of nearer claims and partnerships made those in
38 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Tropico more remote. Things in East Los Angeles were at
hand. Those in Tropico required outstretched arms. To be
housed in services in Tropico in 1891 was enjoyable. To be
aggregated in Los Angeles in 1903 was felicitous. Five letters
of membership were received this year.
A Sunday School and some evangelistic labors by Christian
Holsinger at Lacy Street gave spirit and energy to the mem-
bers. They all seemed to enjoy that opening, but it failed to
keep a living form. The District Mission Board invested some
practical sympathy and lifted, to some extent, in the effort. On
December 26th Sister Delia Lehmer was installed as an Elder's
wife. The Mission Board was asked to place a missionary at
Vernon, and Wiliam H. Wertenbaker was located there.
Some councils were held out at Tropico. The ministry was
still able "to know how to be full and how to be empty," how
to be initiated into human experiences and to face humble cir-
cumstances. It was during this year that magnetic healing or
"absent treatment" for cures was at high tide. Many were
affected. Professor Hudson's work on the phenomena of the
unseen forces had fallen into some member's hands and read
as if a new revelation had dropped from the skies into their
laps. They fondled and nursed the teachings until they verily
thought they were performing "miracles." The air, yes the
very "winds," of doctrine seemed to abound with healing
claimants ( ?) ; some insisted that they were "divine healers,"
others magnetic restorers to good health. Any one could take
his choice at so many ducats per. Like a mighty hypnotic wind
this force and teachings pervaded many households and more
heads. The market was full of shouters for "good health"
their way. All over the land magnetists and necromantic claim-
ants had "just the right thing." The nervously inclined and
the real nervous were beckoned to come and "get well." And
every one should bring the dollars as evidence of "good faith."
Even Mrs. Eddy's absent treatment was dragged over from
her domicile into the open market out of "love of money." It
was held up as a sure wand of hope for every ill, and it was a
drawing wand indeed ! The United States Mail carried many
a dollar for this delusion. No wonder the Church of the
Brethren felt this national spasm. Every spasmodic wave
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 39
catches some thoughtless soul. Want of watchfulness, by read-
ing the Book, entangles many. It is often a great hardship to
become disentangled from erroneous alliances. It is fearful to
be entrapped with specious imitations. "Magnetism" and other
forms of hallucinations had their day. They left scars, losses,
bruises, to what should have been endearing, precious partner-
ships. Like other spasmodics and deficiencies they came,
screamed, hurt, and then departed. Hence "present and absent
treatment" for healing had its clay in court and left its defective-
ness. Those who rejected it from the beginning never lost any
love and grace of God by such rejection. However, real mag-
netic force has its uses and abuses. God moves forward to
ultimate victory with his own ! Will all the dear brethren and
sisters learn the lesson of the Book on unseen forces? In
olden times the use of necromancy, sorcery, witchcraft, wizard-
ism, familiar spiritism had their just dooms; why will not all
the believers know and understand that these old elements and
works of Satan are sure to come to America under new names
and new forms? They are the same old children here with
new dresses to deceive ! They come in names as "New
Thought," "Magnetic Force," "Divine Healing," "Christian
Science," "Spiritualism," and scores of other names. Be not
deceived, God will not be mocked in vainl
On January 1, 1902, the Tropico people asked that their
passive Sunday School be given new impetus. M. M. Eshel-
man was given authority to direct it anew and at once brought
to it new energy. It had gone to sleep under the virgin mis-
sionary impetus in Los Angeles. Aaron and Clara Wolf were
active agents in the new order of things. The revived work
out at Tropico and Sunday Schools at Vernon and Channing
and on the East Side gave plenty of exercise to the working
forces of the church. Ella, John and Amanda Buckwalter, P.
S. Myers, S. G. Lehmer, Levi Hosfeldt, Claudine Miller, the
Evans family, and many others came up with great hearts to
prosecute the Lord's work.
During the year of 1904 J. W. Cline, having given several
years of pastorate work to the church, resigned. On December
17, 1904, J. W. Trostle and S. G. Lehmer presided over what
was considered "a reorganization" of the Tropico church, but
40 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
was likely only a reanimation of the once active Tropico church.
It simply claimed its own and started out with felicity and
The year of 1906 January 29 found George F. Chemberlen
in charge of the church. George Chemberlen has forward im-
pulses and forward proclivities all along the way. He has becom-
ing pulpit appearances and his word pictures are stretched to
their limitations. The humorous side has its attractions for him,
and he gives out thoughts with smiles sometimes aromatic and
sometimes caustic. George has leadership ability and presiding
dignities. He rules with a firm hand, not always with the
nicities of the equities, but with becoming firmness to all.
Loitering around a question and tarrying or toying with it puts
into action some inherent, cloture force in his mind, and he
closes a matter with a promptness bordering on the click of a
steel joint. He is useful in many ways to God. He was suc-
ceeded by S. G. Lehmer, December 27, 1907. For four years
the congregation had great variety of experiences. The Chan-
ning Street Work was taken over and the local ministry tried
to edify and construct as the Conference authorized. The ques-
tion of proper apparel-forms to exemplify simplicity of dress
was agitated considerably. The General Conference or Annual
Meeting in common parlance had given seventy advices upon
the subject, and there was a wide margin as to which of the
seventy was operative. One would think that seventy was
quite enough to bring any one to the degree of simplicity in
exemplification and the wonder was that if seventy were not
enough, would more help ? In cities the display of ungodliness
in dress form is so much before the member's eyes that it
either brings ahborrence or enticements. This ever present eye-
sight is sure to bring inharmonies more or less. But in times
of agitation men who seem to be eleven feet tall mentally and
spiritually become dwarfs on dress matters, and those who are
pigmies on other important questions drift into giantism on
dress as it is in the Christian religion. Ought it not to be
studied from the viewpoint of holiness of life? The diver-
gencies here grew in proportion as time and distance came upon
the scenes. Ordinances were a unit in the hearts. The geniali-
ties on the fundamentals of the Bible were high enough, but
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 41
the ever present forms came up as a continuous stream of
water, often roiled at high degree. All the proofs and evi-
dences of the great Brotherhood were helpless to unify the
divergencies. Keeping the ordinances here and with others at
other points was easy, but keeping "the unity of the Spirit" on
simplicity of dress was a most perplexing task. Why? Not
because of studied disloyalty, not on account of lack of services,
for these were well supplied ; not because of lack of places and
times to teach others who were yet ignorant of the Christ, for
these were legion in this large city. What then caused the
lapses into fretting, flurrying and unfelicities? Is it obedience
to sound advice? Is it lack of adaptation? Is it factionism?
Constructive spiritualities will follow elimination of carnalities.
Have the constructives come? We think they have. The
mortification of the charity that covers a multitude of sins in
the investigation should cease forever in all the churches. True
education of heart and soul and head will give their evidences
of cessation of infraction of Divine Charity. Judicial bodies,
chosen by the highest authority, may bring judicial counsel and
decision, but they can never impart "the love of God." This
must come from above, must come by adaptation to higher
authority; the grace of penitence and forgiveness in all to-
The perturbations in this church, reaching out to some
others, brought to this place a committee from the Annual
Meeting of 1910. It came, opened avenues of proofs and much
obiter dictum as well. It took ten days to reach the evidences
and a conclusion. As is often the case the judicial body could
not bring a decision suited to each one's particular require-
ment. Divergence and diversity were thinkable and operative.
No committee can abound all the time in the nicities and easy
harmonies toward all minds, especially minds that see from
angles so diverse. But the mantle of charity, no doubt, will
be spread over it all and the oil of gladness will heal all sores.
Not how much one can resent, but how much one can endure,
and secure the constructives of brotherly love and feeling —
friendship that bounds high. Few have the finest of judicial
penetrations. Few can see into the interior of differences and
lay them apart so that such a variety of minds can place the
42 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
pieces in happy accord. Few are able to discriminate between
the differences so as to give himself the needful charity, and
like a wise judge pronounce right! To be a judge of the judges
is a very high attainment I To be able to discriminate between
the true and the false conclusion without all the testimony that
was in the power of the judicial body, is a marvelous instinct
or quality! Who but God has it? The voice of heaven still
rings around this old world, "be careful how and what you
hear!" It still comes to the ear, "the measure you mete or
measure with or apportioned to others, will be meted or alloted
to you." And as if to deter from any evils thrust out of the
human mind, He adds : "And more shall be measured to
you." Mark iv :24. The very love of God in one's soul should
deter from endeavoring to mar the life of a fellow creature I
Every soul in Christ ought to allow new and holy impressments
and impulses in the behavior. Engraven truths of the Lord
are easily erasable. The love of Christ chisels all evils away.
Though there may be scores dead to righteousness in business,
in order, in excellencies of faith for the want of true shep-
herdizing, none will dare to deny ; but losses are no ground for
personal decay of faith and love. Penitence must precede for-
Scores have gone out in faith to work elsewhere from the
East Los Angeles Church since her organization. South Los
Angeles Church has come from her. Pasadena has been born
out of her and her works are many. God knows whether her
works are perfect or not, and will never accord her less than
the reward she deserves. She has been ever willing to give
her help to the sister churches. The grace of God's concords
are greater than human discords and weaknesses. Love has
its chief values and chastisements are yet grievous, but full of
peaceable fruits of righteousness to all who are thereby
Realizing the values of trained members for missionary
purposes in the large city of Los Angeles, permission to organ-
ize a Bible School at Santa Fe Mission was given by the East
Los Angeles Church. On March 20, 1907, quite a number of
people met at Santa Fe House and organized by electing five
Trustees, namely: George H. Bashor, G. G. Lehmer, S. S.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 43
Garst, S. G. Lehmer and William H. Wertenbaker. The body
was increased in the autumn of 1907 to twelve by a body of
thirty charter members as indicated in the State Charter. On
September 27th permission was granted by the Church to use
the house at 234 South Hancock street for Bible School pur-
poses on the part of the Berean Bible School, as it was and is
known, by State authority.
A great and gracious work of salvation lay spread out over
this city. Day by day the needs appealed to great hearts.
Trained workers were very scarce and trained men and women
were greatly in demand. As there are no bounds to Divine
teachings, no pent-up preventions to break forth in a land
replete with liberty to do good to all men, it came to the hearts
of some to erect a school for the sole purpose to train men and
women for helps as soul winners. The aim certainly was noble I
Hence the Berean Bible School came into existence as a friend
to God and the Church of the Brethren. It took high ground
on Gospel and common principles and was willing to teach them
because it believed they were founded upon the Truth of God
and imbedded in the Church by the Holy Spirit. Its source of
inspiration were the Holy Scriptures. It has given instruction
to a large number of persons in the school room and in families.
It opened one mission at Boyle Heights and turned it over
to the Church for care. Its members have received great
inspirations and trained experience in visiting the sick and
caring for them. God alone understands it all.
The fourth year was characterized by a Chinese class five
nights each week. At this writing more than a score have been
added to the Church. The devotion of the large body of teach-
ers under the superintendence of Clarence Lehmer is praise-
worthy. Many sacrifices have been made.
The membership of 1916 reported to Conference was 122.
The increase by certificate and conversions were thirty-six.
The contriubtions for church purposes were $1236.27, and the
number of sermons at all her services was 372. The amount
of church activity is commendable.
In two of her Sunday Schools the 1914 report shows that
284 pupils were enrolled and $616.33 contributed for the Lord's
44 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
In 1915 her four Sunday Schools enrolled 427 pupils and
the offerings to the Lord were $843.94.
In 1916 the enrollment was 464 and contributions $901.16,
showing an increase in both enrollment and offerings. The
Chinese Sunday School alone gave $144.65 toward the Lord's
Cause. They are noted for liberal giving. This church has
from its beginning tried to carry the Gospel to its immediate
regions with vigor. Her opportunities are many.
CHANNING STREET MISSION, LOS ANGELES, CAL.
This Mission was opened April 5, 1897, in a building
10x12 feet, under the supervision of Sister Ella Buckwalter.
There were twenty-four children in attendance. Sisters J. G.
Evans, Daisy Evans, Amanda Myer and Mrs. Hoag were the
teachers. There were just twenty-four chairs in the building.
This Mission started in a very peculiar manner. Sister
Ella Buckwalter was sweeping in front of her residence on
West Seventh street when a little girl and boy passed. After
going a little ways the girl turned round and came back and
asked for clothes as she wanted to go to Sunday School and
those she had were not good enough. After questioning the
little girl the Sister found that the parents were in need of
food. She took the case before the Sisters' Aid Society and
this Society furnished the food and clothing. When Sister
Buckwalter delivered the garments she asked whether they
wanted a Sunday School there and the lady answered, "I have
been praying for this." Sister Buckwalter took immediate
steps to open the Sunday School and was assisted by Elder
Christian Holsinger, who was then employed by the Mission
Board to do work in the city. In a few Sundays this building
was too small for the increased attendance, so an old tent
belonging to the District of Southern California was pitched
near the place and the attendance grew rapidly. Mischievous
boys and the wind rendered this tent unusable. At the Bible
School in East Los Angeles, the same year, the plea was made
for money to erect a building. The new buidling was com-
pleted and the Sunday School moved into it December 25, 1897.
At this time the Mission was under the care of the Mission
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 45
Board. In this case the Board did not give instructions to some-
body else, but they appeared on the ground, with other Breth-
ren, and with saws and hammers and squares did their part
in the erection of the building. The Board was James Thomas
and J. C. Whitmer. Sister Ella Buckwalter used to walk six
blocks from her home on a warm afternoon, on a hot dusty
sidewalk, and was rewarded by pleasant little faces ready to
sing their little songs. Her hold upon their hearts was very
strong. Brother C. W. Guthrie took a lively interest in plant-
ing into his heart the incentive to become a live missionary
worker. He kept the building in good condition and was
Superintendent of the Sunday School for sometime.
Sister Ella Buckwalter continued to be Superintendent
for three years and was then succeeded by S. W. Funk shortly
after he had been called to the ministry. He remained there
until he was disabled by ill health and after three months' vaca-
tion was able to take up the work at Santa Ana. He was at
work in the Channing Street Mission over three years. East-
side members did considerable teaching here. Several times
quite a number of young people were lost to the Sunday School
on account of having transient teachers instead of regular ones.
The Sunday School grew and prospered, and souls were added
to the Kingdom of God until about forty were baptized the
last year. Brother Funk should have remained at Channing
instead of being transferred to Santa Ana, at least until the
work was well established. He was a strong believer in estab-
lishing things before it was left to other hands.
Brother Funk was succeeded by Brother G. H. Bashor and
his wife. Both were liked by the members and others for their
devotion, constancy and indoctrined practices. A great and
good Sunday School was conducted by them.
Brother Hewett Taylor and his wife, and Sister Kate New-
some and Nanny Murray carried on the work successfully.
They were very efficient workers in the Sunday School, Chris-
tian workers and preaching services.
The encroachments of manufacturing interests brought
about the closing of the Mission and the sale of the building.
The work was transferred to 923 Santa Fe street, now under
the care of Brother and Sister W. M. Piatt.
46 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
BOYLE HEIGHTS MISSION
One day in the Berean Bible School, Los Angeles, the
foreman sent two brothers out to the Heights to seek a place
for a Sunday School. They found a place on Beacon street
and at once organized a Sunday School, and when it was well
under way it was turned over to the Church.
Hiram Smith, John H. Getz and others took an active
part in the development of the school. Hiram Smith was its
first Superintendent. Minnie Watts, Lester Blocher and Esther
La Follette, with many others, have given much service to
The Church erected a neat structure for services, which
are held twice each Lord's Day. The Sunday School enroll-
ment for 1912 was 69, average attendance 48 and contributions
amounting to $30.00.
The 1916 report shows an enrollment of 63 pupils and con-
tributions of $57.33.
The present Superintendent is Lewis Hyde.
It is the creature of East Los Angeles Church and is
still fostered by that body. With three missions under her
care for a long time her members were not permitted to become
inactive for the want of spiritual effort.
SANTA FE MISSION
Some years ago a union service was held on Santa Fe
street, Oliver Megie and Hiram Smith being leaders in the
service. Later J. Z. Gilbert and G. G. Lehmer did some preach-
in at the same place. Later the tent, chairs and fixtures were
turned over to the Church of the Brethren and M. M. Eshel-
man held a series of meetings in the winter of 1908. Several
were added to the Church.
Next a house was built, viz: thru the efforts of S. G.
Lehmer, at 1020 Santa Fe avenue on a lot owned by Brother
Minier. Here the work has grown until the small structure
is crowded each Sunday with an enrollment ranging from
ninety to one hundred and seventy-seven, and for quite a num-
ber of years was under the care of Elder George H. Bashor
and J. Z. Gilbert.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
The 1912 report shows an enrollment of 148 with an aver-
age attendance of 84 and contributions to the amount of
Nearly every attendant is poor in this world's goods, and
likely this is the reason for so large an offering. It is now
under the management of Elder W. M. Piatt, and is the head-
SANTA FE SUNDAY SCHOOL
W. M. Piatt in Door Way.
quarters of the Sisters' Aid Society in the distribution of
clothing to the poor.
The 1916 report shows a total enrollment of 177, an
average attendance of 110 and contributions amounting to
Under the management of W. M. Piatt there were quite
a number of conversions, and he is still maintaining high in-
terest by the help of the Holy Spirit. The Mission is noted
not only for its big work, but for its simple efficient work among
the poor. To S. W. Funk, G. H. Bashor, W. M. Piatt, Sister
J. D. Buckwalter and husband, Kate Newsome, Nannie Mur-
48 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
ray, S. G. Lehmer, G. G. Lehmer and Hiram Smith much
credit is due for the great work in Missions. Sister McKee
and Bro. Oliver Megie are strong workers.
First Members — Sarah Gnagy, Mary Gnagy, Fannie
Light, Benjamin Shepp and wife, E. B. Shepp.
The meeting house having been built, the Church was
organized as a congregation, and given authority to serve the
Lord as separate people, April 14, 1905, by Elders
E. Forney and J. W. Trostle, who had been appointed by the
Elders of the District to do the work. The church was dedi-
cated April 16, 1905. At its organization Brother E. B. Lefever
was appointed Writing Clerk and C. F. Smith Reading Clerk.
The following were charter members: 1, Walter Jones; 2,
Irwin Schrock ; 3, Effie Schrock ; 4, Elisabeth Schrock ; 5, Anna
M. Weaver ; 6, Eliza Gnagy ; 7, Sarah Gnagy ; 8, Mary Gnagy ;
9, Mearl Worrel; 10, Arrel Worrel; 11, Hulda Nehr; 12, Mary
Roland; 13, C. F. Smith; 14, Ivy Smith; 15, Benjamin Shepp;
16, E. B. Shepp; 17, Fannie Light; 18, Lemuel Worrel; 19,
Sallie Worrel; 20, Fred Strohm; 21, Rebeca Fisher; 22, Katie
Trostle ; 23, W. E. Trostle ; 24, E. B. Lefever ; 25, Emma Welta
Lefever; 26, Sarah Wenger; 27, Ezra Barnhart; 28, Ben-
jamin Shick; 29, Anna Barnhart. The Church chose W. E.
Trostle Elder for one year. C. F. Smith was elected to the
office of Deacon and was elected Church Treasurer. Benjamin
Shepp, W. E. Trostle and E. B. Lefever were elected Trustees.
Irwin Schrock was elected Writing Clerk of the Church.
Sunday School officers were elected as follows : C. F.
Smith, Superintendent; Walter Jones, Assistant Superinten-
dent; Effie Schrock, Secretary; Irwin Schrock, Treasurer; L.
M. Worrel, Librarian; Fred Strohm, Assistant Librarian; Ivy
Smith, Chorister; Effie Schrock, Assistant Chorister.
May 3rd, 1906, A. W. Vaniman was elected Elder of the
Pasadena Church. May 31st, 1906, Fred Strohm and Irwin
Schrock were chosen and installed into office of Deacon by
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Elders A. W. Vaniman and S. G. Lehmer, November 28th,
1907, Elder E. B. Lefever was chosen Elder for the Pasadena
Congregation for one year. November 21st, 1908, Walter
Jones was chosen and installed into Deacon's office, making
The Pasadena Church.
four Deacons chosen in Pasadena Congregation from April
14th, 1905 to January, 1917. No ministers were ever chosen.
Sisters' Aid Society was organized, 1907, with Alice Vani-
50 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
man President and Elizabeth Weiler Secretary. Alice Vani-
man served the Sisters' Aid Society as President ten years and
the Church as Sunday School Superintendent six years.
November 16th, 1916, the following Church officers, Sun-
day School and C. W. officers were elected for one year:
For Moderator, W. E. Trostle, having served the Church
seven years as Elder.
Clerk, J. A. Heckman ; Assistant, L. Whitlow.
Chorister, Effie Schrock ; Assistant, Ray Olwin.
Treasurer, Benjamin Shepp, he having served the Church
as Treasurer nine years.
Messenger Correspondent, Bertha Harper.
Committee on Church Funds, Ray Olwin, H. Netzley.
Committee on Wednesday Evening Meeting, Callo Smith,
H. Puterbaugh, Sister Betts.
Sunday School officers:
Superintendent, Ray Olwin ; Assistant, C. M. Heckman.
Chorister, Edna Schrock ; Assistant, Sister L. Whitlow.
Secretary, Welta Lefever; Assistant, Ralph Netzley.
Treasurer, J. A. Heckman.
C. W. officers: ,
President, Effie Schrock; Vice-President, David Bom-
Chorister, Catharine Bomberger; Assistant, Ivy Smith.
Secretary and Treasurer, John Gibble.
Temperance Committee, Sister L. Whitlaw, 1919; Edna
Olwin, 1918; Sister Netzley, 1917.
Missionary Committee — Edna Olwin, 1919; Katie Tros-
tle, 1918; Alice Vaniman, 1917.
Ministers who have lived in Pasadena Congregation, Elder
J. W. Trostle, E. B. Lefever, A. W. Vaniman, J. S. Flory, J.
Snyder, L. D. Bosserman. „
Ministers living in Pasadena January 1st, 1917, H. R.
Taylor, E. B. Lefever, S. I. Newcomer, J. F. Betts.
W. E. Trostle, Moderator, lives at San Gabriel, member-
ship in Pasadena.
Deacons living in Pasadena January 1st, 1917, Walter
Jones, Thomas Dunbar, Harry Netzley, Daniel Heckman.
Ministers who have held series of meetings, J. A. Miller,
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 51
A. W. Vaniman, W. E. Trostle, W. S. Long, D. L. Miller, the
largest ingathering, seventeen. C. S. Garber, Isaac
Frantz, M. Dearderff, C. B. Smith, L. D. Bosserman, J. B.
Emmert, A. Hutchison.
Membership of Pasadena Church January 1st, 1917, 100.
Sunday School efforts :
1914 — Enrollment, 140; offerings, $214.59; teachers, 8;
officers, 8; conversions, 3.
1915— Enrollment, 90; teachers, 9; offerings, $221.24.
1916 — Enrollment, 92 ; teachers and officers, 16 ; offerings,
$235.11. Sunday School all year.
H. R. TAYLOR.
THE POMONA CHURCH
Organized March 17th, 1907, by Brethren J. A. Weaver
and Edmund Forney of Lordsburg, Cal.
The charter members were : Moses Brubaker, Susan
Brubaker, J. A. Brubaker, Nettie Brubaker, Madge Brubaker,
Ralph Brubaker, Edwin Brubaker. Anna Brubaker, R. G.
Baldwin, Louise Baldwin, John E. Herman, S. O. Furry, Katie
Neher, Bertha Furry, Martha Neher, Effie Neher, Minnie
Myers, H. A. Vaniman, Ida Vanamin, Samuel Lane, Sister
Samuel Lane, Ora Rarick, Nora Rarick, Mary A. Royer,
Peerie Skeen, Mary Niswander, Charles Fike, Sadie Fike,
Goldie Fike, Ezra Fike, Tena Fike, H. C. Fisher, Lucy Fisher,
Bennie Fisher, Charles Fisher, Abram Wingerd, Sister Win-
gerd, Emery R. Yundt, Catheran L. Yundt, Simon E. Yundt.
Officials and time of organization :
Trustees of property— Emery R. Yundt, Moses Brubaker,
John E. Herman ; Secretary, Emery R. Yundt ; Treasurer, H.
A. Vaniman; Presiding Elder, Simon E. Yundt; Assistant
Elder, J. A. Brubaker.
Church officials — Simon E. Yundt, Presiding Elder ; O. J.
Beaver, Elder; J. A. Brubaker, Elder; E. T. Keiser, Minister
of Second Degree.
Deacons — J. E. Herman, S. O. Furry, H. A. Vaniman.
First Sunday School was organized the first Sunday in
52 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
April, 1905. Average attendance about thirty up to the or-
ganization of the Church.
H. A. Vaniman, Superintendent.
Effie Neher, Secretary and Treasurer.
Watson Badger, Assistant Superintendent.
Edwin Brubaker, Chorister.
H. R. Taylor had charge of the preaching services the first
year, after that S. E. Yundt.
October has been an auspicious month in the life of Brother
Yundt. He was chosen Deacon, and to the Ministry, advanced
to further responsibilities in the ministry, selected Elder in
charge in Batavia, Illinois, moved to California, chosen Elder
of Lordsburg Church, and re-elected for six consecutive years,
all in the month of October.
In 1907 Elder Yundt was moderator of the District Meet-
ing in the Oak Grove church and again at the Inglewood
District Meeting of 1908 and later at Long Beach in 1910. He
has served on the Standing Committee of General Conference
several times and on a number of local committees. He was
for several years in charge of the Lordsburg church. Of
sturdy character he makes plain in preaching some very ex-
cellent subjects. He has been overseer of the Pomona church.
He has seen considerable service among the Brethren both in
Illinois and California. He baptized over 200 converts.
In 1913 the Pomona Church gave for missions, $85.00;
in 1914, $110.60; in 1915, $166.50; in 1916, $523.10; or a total
In 1913 the enrollment of pupils in Sunday School was
96; offerings, $129.63; conversions, 17.
In 1914 enrollment was 75, offerings $90.00. 1915 no
In 1916, pupils 74, offerings $103.35, for education
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 53
THE FIRST CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN OF LONG
John Rentier, I. S. Overholtzer and family, Rachel Bol-
linger, Mary Canfield, and B. F. Masterson and wife were
among the first members to locate in Long Beach. During the
summer of 1906 some more members moved in. The Alamitos
Library Hall was leased and religious services were conducted.
On the 17th of February, 1907, an organization was effected
and Elder W. E. Trostle was elected Elder in charge, and B. F.
Masterson as Pastor, H. V. Ketcherside Clerk, I. S. Over-
holtzer Treasurer and J. M. Shively Correspondent.
B. F. Masterson was chosen as delegate to the Annual
Meeting held at Los Angeles, and J. M. Shively as delegate to
the District Meeting held at Laton.
The boundary of this Church District was as follows:
The Santa Ana car line on the north, Orange County line on
the east, and the San Gabriel river on the west. May 20th,
1916, the line was extended on the north to the P. E. Gardena
car line and from Western avenue to the city limits of Redondo
Beach, including the town of Lomita.
B. F. Masterson (Minister second degree) and Elizabeth
J. H. Larick (Minister second degree).
William Roberts (Deacon) and Mariah Roberts.
William A. Bohn (Deacon) and Ella Bohn.
I. S. Overholtzer and Jennie Overholtzer.
H. V. Ketcherside and Hattie Ketcherside.
W. H. Larick and Lillie Larick.
J. M. Shively and Katie Shively.
Sunday School was organized with I. S. Overholtzer
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Superintendent, J. M. Shively Assistant Superintendent, Oral
Bohn Secretary, and W. H. Larick Treasurer.
The Church was incorporated July, 1907, according to the
laws of the State of California, as the First Church of the
Brethren of Long Beach, with J. M. Shively, I. S. Overholtzer
and H. V. Ketcherside Trustees.
The Christian Workers Society was organized September
29th, 1907, with Susie Forney President and Lucy Shively
Long Beach Church.
The following are the Elders who have presided over the
Church to date :
Elder W. E. Trostle, 1907, 1909, 1910 and 1911.
Elder Urias Shick, 1908.
Elder George F. Chemberlen, 1912.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN' 55
Elder J. Scott Snively, 1913.
Elder W. F. England, 1914.
Elder A. C. Root, 1915 and 1916.
Pastors who have served the Church :
Elder B. F. Masterson, 1907 to and including 1910.
Elder A. L. B. Martin, 1911 to and including 1913.
Ministerial Committee, 1914,
Elder A. C. Root, 1915 and 1916.
Susie Forney, 1907 to and including 1910.
Effie Metzger, 1911.
Officers installed into office:
J. M. Shivery and wife, Deacon, February 17th, 1909.
Charles Snell and wife, Deacon, January 12th, 1913.
B. F. Masterson, ordained to the Eldership, May 20, 1911.
Harvey Snell and wife, to second degree, May 7th, 1909.
Officers who have held their membership in this church
since its organization :
Elder B. F. Masterson, Elder Urias Shick, Elder William
Horning, Elder J. Scott Snively, Elder J. K. Shively, Elder A.
C. Root, Elder Z. Hendricks. E. S. Strickler and Harvey Snell,
ministers in the second degree.
Deacons — J. M. Shively, J. C. Whitmer, Charles Snell,
George W. Rexroad, William Roberts, Frank Horning, H. V.
Wall, Josiah Sparks.
Deaths of Officers:
Elder Urias Shick, August 19th, 1913.
Elder E. W. Horning, May 4th, 1915.
ERECTION OF CHURCH HOUSE
The first church edifice was dedicated October 20th, 1907,
the sermon being delivered by Elder W. E. Trostle. The
locating and building committee were : J. M. Shively, I. S.
Overholtzer and B. F. Masterson. The cost of house and lot
The new building was dedicated October 29th, 1916. The
sermon was delivered by Elder G. W. Kieffaber. The corner-
stone was laid May 21st, 1916, the sermon for the occasion
56 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
being delivered by Elder G. F. Chemberlen and the ceremonial
exercises by Elder A. C. Root. The Finance Committee were :
H. H. Vaniman, Chairman ; Frank Hoover, Secretary, and
Stella Vaniman, Treasurer. The Building Committee was:
E. K. Beekley, Chairman ; T. J. Rummonds, Secretary, and
Frank Horning, Treasurer. The cost of the building was about
$6000, and at this writing the Church is in a prosperous con-
dition with a membership of about 94.
Church Officials :
Elder A. C. Root, Elder and Pastor in charge; Elders J.
Scott Snively and B. F. Masterson, Associate Elders.
Deacons : William Roberts, Frank Horning, J. M. Shively,
George Rexroad and Josiah Sparks.
Officers of the Sunday School : E. K. Beekley, Superin-
tendent ; Frank Horning, Assistant Superintendent ; Mrs. E. K.
Beekley, Secretary; Mrs. H. H. Vaniman, Chorister. The
School has an enrollment of 142 and an average attendance
Officers of the Christian Workers: Anna Browning,
President ; Esther Rummonds, Secretary and Treasurer.
The Missionary Society was organized in August, 1914,
with H. H. Vaniman President, May Rummonds Vice-Presi-
dent, Gertrude Shiflet Secretary and Bertha Wine Treasurer.
The Mothers' and Daughters' Society was organized in
August, 1914, with Emma Root President, May Rummonds
Vice-President, Gertrude Shiflet Secretary and Blanche Frantz
Treasurer. This was the first organization of the kind effected
in the district.
Elder Urias Shick was born in the State of Ohio. When
yet a child he came with his parents to the State of Illinois.
Was married. Served in the Union Army three years, after
which he and his wife united with the Church of the Brethren
and served in the ministry many years. His field of operation
was mainly in the rural districts of Nebraska, to which State
they moved in the year 1871. He moved to Long Beach in
1907 and fell asleep in Christ the 19th day of August, 1913.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 57
Elder W. E. Horning was born in the State of Maryland.
He united with the Church of the Brethren in Montgomery
County, Pa., at the age of seventeen and was united in marriage
to Priscilla Rittenhouse November 31st, 1851. Soon after his
marriage he was elected to the Deacon's office. In 1855 they
moved to Rock Creek, 111., where in the year 1860 he was
elected to the Ministry. They moved to South Dakota in
the year 1883, where he was ordained to the Eldership. His
labors resulted in the organization of the Willow Creek Church.
In 1910 he moved to Fruita, Colorado, and in 1913 came to
Long Beach, Calif., where he lived with his son Frank till he
fell asleep May 4th, 1915, aged 86 years, 6 months and 24 days.
The Sisters' Aid Society was organized November 17th,
1907, with Katie Shively President, Susie Forney (Minich)
Vice-President, Mrs. Margaret Rosenberg Secretary and Jen-
nie Overholtzer Treasurer. The charter members were Katie
Shively, Susie Forney, Bertha Snell, Eunice Horning, Eliza-
beth Masterson and Mrs. Rosenberg. The Society has been
prosperous and much has been done in helping the needy as
well as the Church, and it is growing in numbers and activity
since moving into their new quarters in the basement of the
church. Katie Shively is President, Ollie Beekley Secretary
and Stella Vaniman Treasurer.
B. F. MASTERSON.
In Riverside County, southeast of the City of Riverside.
The first minister, I. M. Gibbel, a native of Pennsylvania, com-
ing here from the Sugar Creek congregation, near Auburn,
Illinois. He carried with him the vigor and strength of Spirit-
ual Construction. He purchased several hundred acres of good
land and quickiy arranged a comfortable home. He also main-
tained in his home a liberal supply of divine grace, being full
of faith and spiritual entities, his ministry was energized to
the good of God's cause. He built a church house near Egan
and gathered around him a small family of God's heritage, and
led the way by example and other means of expression to better
earthly and spiritual conditions.
He was an Elder of good counsel, ever leaning upon the
58 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Word for guidance, true to his ministerial and church vows.
He never manifested any disposition of having accepted official
position or responsibilities with "mental reserve." His earnest
and faithful wife, Fanny, seconded his most zealous efforts to
promote the Cause of Christ. Members, at the time of organ-
ization in the fall of 1893, consisted of families. I. M. Gibbel,
Elder; Jonathan Brubaker, Minister; Abram Gibbel, C. J.
Brant, Deacons. G. W. Prizer, J. C. Whitmer, S. E. Yoder
and others. Every reasonable effort was made to spread the
doctrine of the Cross. Some of the members moved to other
fields ; but while some moved away, others were addel by letter
In the year 1897 Brother S. E. Yoder was called to the
ministry, later was advancel, and still later ordained to Elder-
ship. In October, 1905, the Lord called Elder I. M. Gibbel
from his labors to his reward, from which time the duties of
the Eldership rested with Elder S. E. Yoder. Preaching ser-
vices, Sunday School and Christian Workers Meetings were
means of grace to those abiding there. In 1908 Brother O. L.
Minnich was called to the ministry, and I. B. Gibbel as Deacon ;
later Brother O. L. Minnich was alvanced in the ministry.
At present date there are two ministers and three deacons.
In the year 1914 a commodious house of worship was
erected in the town of Hemet, and dedicatel January 24, 1915,
at which place services'are conducted at present.
Number of members at time of organization, 21 ; addition
by baptism, 38 ; received by letter, 43 ; letters granted to mem-
bers, 46 ; loss by death, 6 ; disowned, 2 ; membership at present
date, November, 1916, 48.
In 1913, contributed for missions, $9.67; in 1914, $39.20;
1915, $40.00; in 1916, $60.35. Total of $149.22. Sunday
School work reported, in 1914, enrollment, 46; offerings, 60.00;
in 1915, enrollment, 34; offerings, $60.00; in 1916, enrollment,
38 ; offerings, $56.87.
SANTA ANA CHURCH
The Mission Board undertook to open work in Santa Ana
in the spring of 1902 and placed Brother S. W. Funk in charge.
The Mission Board and Brother Funk selected the location,
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 59
the former buying the Episcopal Church House out in the
country and moving it into the city of Santa Ana. At this time
there was only one member in this region, Sister Nancy Marsh-
burn, who lived seven miles from the city. Brother Funk had
as a helper, Sister Kate Newsome for about six weeks or dur-
ing a series of meetings, using means for advertising these
meetings through circulars. A long list of subjects was printed
and the audience was permitted to select such subjects as they
desired to hear. After the first three or four services Brother
Funk delivered eight or ten sermons on doctrinal or practical
subjects so that the audience might know, from the beginning,
what the faith and the practices were of the Church of the
Brethren. The audience numbered from seventy-five to one
hundred each evening. A good Sunday School was early estab-
lished and quite well attended. Some members made homes
out in the country, thus not giving a very regular attendance in
Brother Funk resigned in August, 1903, on account of
sickness and death in his family. At that time there were about
twenty-five members in the Santa Ana Church. When
Brother Funk retired the prospects were excellent for a large
membership, both by immigration and conversion. Brother
Funk exercised great care in giving thorough instructions be-
fore inviting into membership. Lack of teachers for Sunday
School work was keenly felt.
In 1914 — Elder B. F. Masterson of Long Beach was Elder
Resident Ministers — Jos. Bashor, Chas. Nininger and
Elder S. G. Lehmer, B. F. Masterson and William Thomas
had the oversight of this congregation for a time. Elder An-
drew Snowberger now has charge.
C. E. Ninniger, Joseph Bashor and J. M. Wine are his
assistants, and A. Klein Wolford, recently elected.
In 1916 report, membership was 40, the Sunday School
enrollment 61 and average attendance 46. The gain in mem-
bership was 5, and the total offerings for Christian work was
In 1914 the Sunday School enrollment was 64 and con-
60 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
tributions for good works $57.64. In 1915 the enrollment was
80 and offerings $85.60.
Down near Mexico near the Mexican line in the pretty
El Cajon (El-Ka-hone) Valley, in San Diego County, is the
Santee Church. This congregation was organized in January,
1912, and was put into working order by Elder George H.
Bashor and Harvey Snell. The charter members were E. C.
Johnson, wife and daughter; Brother and Sister Wyat, Brother
and Sister Pratt. Others were added later by certificate. The
Mission Board supplied for awhile a minister twice each
month. The membership report in 1916 was twenty, the offer-
ings from the Sunday School for the year 1916 was $24.66; the
average attendance at Sunday School was twenty-one. Eugene
W. Pratt is the resident minister. The El Cajon Valley with
its genial climate is a very pretty place to reside. The Santee
Church is the most Southernly congregation of the Church of
the Brethren in California.
EL CENTRO CHURCH
This was formerly known as the Imperial Valley Church,
but for title reasons it took the name "El Centre" Really,
these members are the pioneers in the valley and for sometime
were shepherded by Elder W. M. Piatt. Back of this body lay
an aggressive missionary spirit, but poverty prevented them
from spreading out very far.
W. E. Trostle, S. G. Lehmer and H. R. Taylor held meet-
ings for them. The first love feast was at the home of L. M.
Van Horn, April, 1916. An offering of $25.00 was given to
W. E. Trostle held a series of meetings in the Alamo
region and seven souls were added to the Church. In 1908 the
little struggling band was taken over by the District Mission
Board. In 1909 the first Sunday School in the valley was
underway with a membership of twenty-seven, being led by
Brother E. S. Strickler. In a few weeks the enrollment was
a half a hundred.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
June 20, 1909, W. M. Piatt began a series of revival meet-
ings in the El Centro Grammar School building. The meeting
closed with a love feast. Thirty communed and three were
added to the Church.
October 3, 1909, part of this Church was organized at
El Centro Sunday School.
Elder S. G. Lehmer preached the first sermon in the valley
in 1891. Two years later Elder H. R. Taylor held some meet-
ings in the home of Brother W. F. Gillette, and three were
added to the Church. During this year George Hanawalt, D.
L. Miller and David Overholtzer assisted them.
In December, 1908, the District Mission Board located
W. M. Piatt at El Centro. At the present time the interests
of the Church are looked after by Brother .C S. Hoff, formerly
IMPERIAL VALLEY CHURCH
This Church was organized January 14, 1910. The fol-
lowing were enrolled as Charter Members: C. E. Gillette,
Rachel E. Gillette, Sr., Fannie McCall, Lottie McCall, R. L.
62 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
McCall, Abraham McCall, Abraham Huckelby and wife,
Richard Huckelby, J. N. Statler, Maggie Statler, O. E. Gillette,
John Gillette, Harry Stephens, Samuel Stephens, Minnie Gil-
lette, Flora Gillette, Polly Stephens, Nellie Kuns, Hazel
McCall, Rachel E. Gillette, Jr., Zettie Stephens, Bertha Gillette,
Elsie Gillette, Leona Huck, W. F. Gillette and Mary C. Gillette.
There is no minister at this point, and nearly all the mem-
bers have moved to other parts of the country.
Elder C. E. Gillette, Sr., became its first Overseer.
Elder W. Q. Calvert resided here for awhile and rendered
GLENDALE CHURCH, ARIZONA
This Church was organized December 31, 1892. Elder
Peter Forney presided at this meeting and made his home here
during the remainder of his life. The Charter Members were :
Peter Forney, Peter Eisenbise and his wife and two daughters,
L. Eisenbise and wife, J. G. Parrette and wife, C. E. Gillette
and wife, N. D. Hadsell and daughter Hetty, L. R. Vanhorn
and wife, H. L. Betz and wife, Mrs. Roy Thayer, Mrs. Lemuel
Jones and Nathan Firestone and wife. A love feast imme-
diately followed the organization.
Peter Forney pioneered the cause here and also organized
a few members at Camp Verde, and this little flock was cared
for by Elder C. E. Gillette.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 63
Elder D. A. Norcross of Lordsburg, California, had
charge for awhile in Glendale. He was followed by Elder
Durr, and he by Charles Ronk, who is doing very efficient work
at this time.
The membership is at present eighty-nine; the enrollment
in the Sunday School is sixty with an average attendance of
fifty. Their contribution for all purposes during the year 1916
was $279.42. They had one hundred and ninety-two preaching
services during the year.
Brother Charles Ronk now has the work in hand, and the
1916 report shows the Sunday School enrollment to be 60, the
offerings $92.76, and money contributed for all purposes
$279.42. Six were converted, 192 preaching services held,
30 being revival sermons, 40 prayer services and 4 children's
Sunday School was organized in August, 1909, in a school
house. Five families were represented ; G. Roper of Lords-
burg, Cal., being chosen first Superintendent and Sister O. S.
Pratt Assistant. Brethren literature was adopted. Later a
Sunday School was organized three miles south from Brother
Pratt's home, and of this organization Sister Pratt became
Superintendent and had charge until June, 1912, when Fred
Williams became Superintendent and Sister Pratt Assistant.
About this time Brother Yoder held a series of meetings and
some were added to the flock. Kate Lidsay became Secretary
and Earl Schearber Treasurer of the Sunday School. From
fifteen to thirty were in attendance. Christian Workers services
were also held. At the organization of the Church there were
twenty-five members. The organization was effected under the
direction of W. E. Trostle. It is gratifying that members are
opening the work of Divine Grace in Arizona at various points.
It is a hopeful field for active workers.
For some years the Mission Board of this Dis-
Phenix trict has assisted in a mission in Phenix, and
Mission. at this time Elder Levi Keltner has charge.
The work has been prosperous under both
Brother Keltner and Brother C. W. Guthrie, who preceded
64 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
SOUTH LOS ANGELES CHURCH
June 24, 1904, Sunday School was organized in the south-
ern part of Los Angeles and a committee appointed to look
after its interests. October 18 the District Mission Board
asked East Los Angeles Church to raise $200.00 to aid in
establishing a permanent mission.
The Mission Board then purchased a lot at Fiftieth Street
and Hooper Avenue and secured Wm. H. Wertenbaker and
wife to take charge of the work, which they did November
A chapel was erected and dedicated January 1, 1905,
Elder P. S. Myers preaching the dedicatory sermon. The
Christian Workers Society was organized at this time. The
dedication was followed by a three weeks' revival under the
direction of Brother Wertenbaker. Within three months a
larger house was needed. In May, 1905, an addition 24x34
During the year 1905 the Cradle Roll and Home Depart-
ments were added to the Sunday School. July was a time
of rejoicing when the first converts, Edward Hess and wife,
In February, 1906, Elder Levi Winklebleck held a revival
and baptized one.
April 15, 1906, the Mission was organized into the South
Los Angeles Church with fifty-three charter members, as fol-
lows: Wm. H. Wertenbaker and wife, David Priddy, George
Browning, Al L. Elmer, and Laverne Davison, Alice Cheney,
Pearl, Jessie, and Fred Stevens, Asa J. Trostle and wife, Wm.
H. Keim and wife, Emma Boone, E. J. Hill and wife, Stewart
Cline, Dollie Hunton, Henry Guthrie, Elmer Rench, Edward
Hess and wife, Harvey Snell, Eunice Horning, Elizabeth,
Daisy, Raymond and Earl Evans, Andrew Hastie and wife,
Frank Cheney, Edna McClanathon, Mary Peak, Isaac Long
and wife, Josiah Sparks and wife, Mary, Bertha and Lottie
Stauffer, Bertha Barklow, Peter Carlson and wife, Eddie,
Mable and Fannie Carlson, Wm. Davie and wife, Phronie
Peters, Matilda and Ellice Laycock.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
W. E. Trostle was elected Presiding Elder, A. J. Trostle
Clerk, Wm. H. Keim Treasurer. Trustees: David Priddy,
Wm. H. Keim and A. L. Davison.
The Official Body was composed of Elder W. E. Trostle
of Pasadena, who was chosen Presiding Elder ; Wm. H. Wer-
tenbaker, Pastor ; Josiah Sparks, Deacon, and A. L. Davison
and Harvey Snell, who were elected Deacons at this time.
The South Los Angeles Church.
The year 1907 was one of growth. In April was held
the first love feast, at which fifty members communed.
Harvey Snell was elected to the ministry and Harvey
Frantz and David Priddy to the Deaconship ; Wm. H. Werten-
baker was ordained to the Bishopric in May. Having again
outgrown the Church building it was demolished and a new
one erected at a cost of $2800.00.
The Building Committee chosen were C. W. Guthrie,
Wm. H. Keim, A. L. Davison and W. E. Trostle, the latter
representing the Mission Board. The Mission Board having
contributed to the building fund, George H. Bashor superin-
tended the construction of the building.
66 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Elder W. F. England of Lordsburg preached the dedica-
tory sermon on the 26th of July.
A Ladies' Aid was organized and eight received into the
fellowship of the Church as a result of revival efforts con-
ducted by the pastor, Wm. H. Wertenbaker and his wife.
December closed the year by seeing Brother C. H. Page
In 1908 C. W. Guthrie was called to the ministry. During
this year and 1909 series of meetings were held by Elders W.
E. Trostle, S. W. Funk, and W. F. England. Twelve were
added to the church making a total membership of one hun-
dred. The need for more help on the official board was met
by electing N. J. Brubaker to the ministry and A. J. Trostle
and A. O. Cropper to the Deaconship in 1910.
From January, 1912, until December, 1914, Wm. H.
Wertenbaker served both as Elder and Pastor. During this
period the annual offerings given to the district and general
boards of the Brotherhood averaged over three hundred and
forty-four dollars. The Pastor conducted a teacher training
class from which sixteen graduated. The Sunday School grew
from an average attendance of one hundred and thirty-two to
one hundred and eighty-three.
Wm. H. Keim and Merrill Q. Calvert were added to the
Deacon body by election. In 1915 George F. Chemberlen
became Presiding Elder. J. W. Cline who had been called to
the superintendency of the Sunday School the previous year,
continued to direct its activities. As a result of the efforts
put forth by him and his co-workers twenty-three were led to
unite with the church. Following this Elder Isaac Frantz
directed a series of evangelistic meetings during which ten
more were received by baptism. Elder J. Z. Gilbert had the
oversight of the Church during 1916.
Nineteen seventeen comes to us with George F. Chember-
len for Presiding Elder and Robert H. Miller, the son of
Elder R. H. Miller, as Pastor.
SOME LIVING TRUTHS FROM THE DISTRICT CON-
The First District Meeting of California was held April 6,
1889, in Covina. Covina and Conejo (ka-na-ho) being repre-
sented. Christian Wine was Moderator, Jacob Whitmore a
transient, Reading Clerk, and D. A. Norcross, Secretary.
Covina was designated as church number one and Conejo num-
The first general topic was upon missions. The General
Church erection and Missionary Committee, now the General
Mission Board, was requested to contribute twenty-five dollars
toward the evangelist's (Jacob Whitmore) expenses, then doing
work in Southern California.
The second paper related to the efficiency of evangelists.
A preamble and resolutions from Covina, the substance of
which set forth that the principles of the Church should be
maintained by the General Church Erection and Missionary
Committee, taking steps to guard against unfitness and un-
worthiness of traveling evangelists.
The Conejo Church asked that the following query be sent
to Annual Conference : "This Church petitions Annual Meet-
ing to reconsider the decision made in 1881 in regard to elec-
tions and that Annual Meeting authorize the churches in the
Brotherhood to elect hereafter by a majority of all the votes
This indicates that the churches had no desire to run ahead
of Annual Conference by adopting methods contrary to Con-
ference and thus break the unity of the Spirit.
District Meeting was held on February 22, 1890,
1890 on East Workman Street, Los Angeles.
Churches represented were Covina, Conejo,
Tropico. Elder Peter Overholtzer was Moderator, Elder J. S.
Flory Reading Clerk and Aaron Wolf Secretary.
Why use unfermented wine to represent the blood of
68 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Christ in redemption? Referred to Luke 22:17, 18, 22; Mark
14 :23, 24, 25 ; Matthew 26 :29 and 1 Corinthians 1 1 :23.
"Is the admotion of Paul in 1 Cor. 16:2 binding on the
Church today ? Answer : "Yes." It is the duty of every mem-
ber to lay by in store for the replenishing of the Church Treas-
ury as the Lord has prospered him."
This indicates that the District was helding close to the
apostolic method of securing God's means for God's uses.
A strong resolution was adopted extending an invitation
to Elder R. H. Miller to visit the churches in California. Death
claimed him before he could accept this brotherly request.
The number to constitute District Mission Board was
changed from five to three. D. A. Norcross, David Over-
holtzer and W. H. Hepner were chosen.
The Third District Meeting was held in Conejo
1891 (Ka-na-ho) Church April 10th. J. S. Flory, Mode-
rator ; T. J. Nair, Reading Clerk ; M. M. Eshelman,
Secretary. Delegates : Covina, J. S. Flory, J. H. Miller ;
Canejo, C. Wine, George F. Chemberlen; Lordsburg, T. J.
Nair ; M. M. Eshelman. Lordsburg Church became the fourth
in the District.
Here the first rules for the government of the District
Meeting were adopted.
The missionary spirit was extant. Covina asked that steps
be taken to secure a good minister and his wife to be at work
constantly, and that means be procured to forward the work.
The following answer was adopted :
"The local churches should urge the members to be liberal
in contributing and to aid the ministers to do more preaching
of the gospel wherever there are openings." Referred to a
committee on Plan of Work.
Provision was made that either J. S. Flory or M. M. Eshel-
man should represent the District at the Annual Meeting
Three dollars were appropriated to meet Annual Meeting
expenses and forwarded to S. H. Myers of Timberville, Va.
D. A. Norcross was to serve three years, W. H. Hepner
two years, Darius Overholtzer one year. There being no defi-
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 69
nite rules whereby the Board could work, a committee was
chosen to prepare a plan of work. The Committee presented
the following, which was adopted :
1. The New Testament to be the constitution for the
guidance of the Missionary Committee.
2. Five members shall constitute the Committee.
3. Since D. A. Norcross and W. H. Hepner are members
of the Commttee, they are declared a part of it.
4. At the first meeting of the Missionary Committee the
terms of service shall be determined by lot.
5. The Committee shall employ such faithful ministers as
it can secure for the means at hand.
6. Officers shall be chosen from among their number.
7. In case local churches shall not appoint solicitors, then
the Committee may appoint them.
8. The Committee shall observe the following in its
(a) Who were employed to preach and where.
(b) The number of members received into the Church
by confession and baptism or otherwise.
(c) The condition of the congregation or congregations
(d) Congregations assisted in building church houses.
(e) Amount of money received and from whence.
(f) Expenditures and for what purposes.
(g) The Committee to make rules for its government
and suggest to District Meeting improvements to advance the
Committee — M. M. Eshelman, J. S. Flory, W. H. Hep-
ner, George F. Chemberlen.
Dstrict Meeting Board — D. A. Norcross, W. H. Hepner,
M. M. Eshelman, J. H. Miller, Darius Overholtzer.
J. F. Neher was chosen as State Evangelist.
The officers of the Meeting were authorized to prepare and
forward a letter to Annual Conference at Hagerstown, Md.
The amount of money received was $146.61 and expended
$74.01. Two persons were received at the Olive Heights Mis-
70 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
sion at East Riverside. Fifteen dollars' worth of tracts were
Annual Meeting of 1894 was asked to meet in California.
The District Meeting was held in Lordsburg Feb-
1892 ruary 8th in the College Chapel.
Delegates : Covina, Peter Overholtzer, D. A.
Norcross; Conejo, By letter; Tropico, J. E. Megie, Aaron
Wolf ; Lordsburg, Dr. S. S. Garst, Peter Hartman.
J. S. Flory served as Moderator, T. J. Nair Reading Clerk,
B. F. Masterson Secretary.
The Conejo Church asked Annual Conference if a letter
of membership could be withheld from a brother because he
was in debt, yet willing to pay as soon as he could.
The last Saturday in March of each year was named as
the date of holding District Meetings.
Where there was more than one Elder in a congregation
there should be no distinction as to rulership. Each had the
same authority in oversight.
It was agreed that no local church had the right to vote
the Sunday School to first place in service and preaching to
second place. Sunday School was not to have priority over
This petition asked Annual Conference to repeal all grants
of insurance of any kind and to trust the "church for pro-
"Since the tendency of short sermons and short services is
growing, will this District Meeting say whether this tendency
is leading to Gospel or Apostolic examples?" The answer is:
"We advise that brethren use discretion in regard to long or
The California Mission Board was asked to discontinue
naming brethren to fill appointments alternately and designate
a better system.
General Conference was asked to require officers of any
local church to sign certificates instead of the Clerk doing it
Elders J. S. Flory and J. F. Neher filled appointments
alternately each four weeks in East Riverside, and Elders P. S.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 71
Myers and S. G. Lehmer did work at 1 19 South Spring street,
The amount received, $119.86; from last year, $76.01.
Total, $195.87. Ependitures, $76.75. Balance, $119.12.
M. M. Eshelman having resigned during the year and the
time of J. H. Miller having expired, S. W. Funk and Peter
Hartman were chosen to the vacancies on Mission Board.
Elder P. S. Myers was chosen State Evangelist. J. M.
Gibbel was named as member of Standing Committee.
The District Meeting convened March 25th in the
1893 Covina Church. The delegates were : Covina, Peter
Overholtzer, George F. Chemberlen; Tropico, S. G.
Lehmer, Aaron Wolf ; Lordsburg, B. F. Masterson, E. A.
Miller. Conejo was not represented as near all the members
of that place had moved to other regions.
Moderator, J. S. Flory ; Reading Clerk, E. A. Miller ; Sec-
retary, B. F. Masterson.
The renewal for Annual Conference to come to California
in 1894 was adopted.
Mission in Los Angeles steadily growing under the care
of P. S. Myers and S. G. Lehmer. One received into the
East Riverside, under the care of J. S. Flory. Series of
meetings by Elder Andrew Hutchinson. New field near Perris
given some work by Elders John W. Metzger and B. F.
Receipts, $348.99; last year's balance, $119.12. Total,
$468.19. Expenditures, $113.00. Balance on hand, $355.19.
With this balance on hand the Missionary Committee
asked the General Mission Board to "lend substantial aid" in
prosecuting the work.
The District Meeting made an especial appeal to the local
churches for more funds. D. A. Norcross was re-elected.
Aaron Wolf and William Overholtzer, S. Hartman and J. H.
Elder J. S. Flory was sent to the Annual Meeting.
72 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
District Meeting of 1894 was held March 31st in
1894 Tropico. Covina was represented by Darius Over-
holtzer, D. A. Norcross; Tropico, by P. S. Myers
and J. E. Megie; Lordsburg, by E. A. Miller and B. F. Master-
son ; Egan, by I. M. Gibbel and Jonathan Brubaker.
Elder P. S. Myers was given the Moderatorship. E. A.
Miller did the reading and S. G. Lehmer Secretary.
A letter from the members at Glendale, Arizona, asked
admittance, hence a resolution was adopted extending the ter-
ritory so as to include Arizona.
The Conejo Church having failed to represent at District
Meeting for several years, was encouraged by a revival in
Lordsburg Church asked that Annual Conference come
to California this year, and if not then to be held here in 1895.
There was a commendable persistency to secure Annual Con-
ference on this coast.
Tropico Church desired to know whether a local church
should give permission to her minister to go elsewhere to hold
series of meetings, because by going her own interests were
Lordsburg petitioned that the District employ an evan-
gelist for one year and create means to meet the expenses.
Covina also sought the same. The Meeting granted this and
the Board employed Elder John S. Mohler of Kansas.
Work has been continued at Perris under the care of B. F.
Masterson, and at East Riverside by J. S. Flory, and in Los
Angeles by P. S. Myers and S. G. Lehmer, and at Monrovia
by E. A. Miller.
On hand from last year, $355.19; from other sources,
$218.68. Total, $573.87. Expenditures, $322.45. Balance in
Darius Overholtzer was re-elected to Mission Board.
Elder J. W. Metzger was chosen to Standing Committee.
Elder S. G. Lehmer was elected State Evangelist; Elder
J. S. Mohler, was Moderator, E. A. Miller, Reading Clerk,
B. F. Masterson, Secretary.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 73
The District Meeting convened in Lordsburg March
1895 29th. The Delegates were: Egan Church, I. M.
Gibbel; Lordsburg, E. A. Miller, B. F. Masterson;
Covina, George F. Chemberlen, Darius Overholtzer ; Tropico,
A. Bush, J. D. Buckwalter; Glendale, Arizona and Merced,
California, were represented by letters.
J. S. Mohler, Moderator; E. A. Miller, Reading Clerk; B. F.
Elder J. S. Mohler having done some work during the few
months past desired to be relieved from further services. This
was granted and he returned to Morrill, Kansas.
A request was made that Annual Meeting be held in Cali-
fornia in 1896.
B. F. Masterson reported well of Perris Valley Mission.
The Monrovia Mission was given the labors of George F.
Chemberlen, D. A. Norcross and E. A. Miller. One was added
to the flock. East Riverside was given the services of J. S.
Flory. The Mission was transferred to Colton, and B. F.
Masterson given charge. Los Angeles was cared for by P. S.
Myers during part of the year. Funds failing, the work lapsed.
Tropico Church assumed charge of City Mission. Enoch Eby
did some work in Tropico.
Elder J. S. Mohler labored as follows :
In Egan, twenty meetings, one accession ; in Monrovia,
eighteen services, one accession ; in Glendora, thirty-one meet-
ings; in Lordsburg, thirty-one meetings, seven accessions.
Receipts, $664.94; balance from last year, $251.42. Total,
$916.41. Expenditures, $422.88. Balance, $493.53.
During the year two hundred and forty-five services were
held and ten added to the Church.
A summary of conditions was given. During the past five
years twenty-two have been added to the church. The receipts
On the Missionary Committee B. F. Masterson was chosen
to fill the unexpired term of E. A. Miller, resigned: J. C.
Whitmer succeeded S. W. Funk, Wm. Overholtzer was elected
for three years.
Elder P. S. Myers was chosen on Standing Committee.
B. F. Masterson was chosen State Evangelist.
74 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
The conference was held March 26th. in Glen-
1896 dora. The Delegates were :
Egan, I. M. Gibbel
Lordsburg, Samuel Henry, B. F. Masterson
Covina, Geo. F. Chemberlen, Darius Overholtzer
Tropico, Andrew Emmert, Aaron Wolf
Inglewood, Wm. J. Thomas, M. M. Eshleman
Merced and Conejo, California, and Glendale
Arizona were not represented.
This was the eighth year since the beginning of District
Meetings and seven local churches existed.
Wm. J. Thomas served as Moderator, E. A. Miller, as
reading clerk and Darius Overholtzer as secretary.
COLTON had the care and help of B. F. Masterson
and Wm. J. Thomas and the outlook was not very encourag-
ing. Monrovia had the teachings of D. A. Norcross and Wm.
J. Thomas. All the missions seemed to have lapsed some this
year. The work under the supervision of Elder J. S. Mohler
gave some results in the churches. His sermons were at Col-
ton, Twenty-one, Compton eight, Covina, eighteen, Pomona
thirteen, Lemon eleven, Redondo, seventeen, Los Angeles, nine-
teen. One hundred and fifty-five sermons were delivered, and
two added to the church.
These various funds had, by this time been created: —
Evangelist Fund, General Purpose Fund, Los Angeles
County Fund, Los Angeles City Fund. The total funds at the
time were $781.95,
Expenditures were $427.06. Leaving balance of $354.89.
$100.00 of this amount came from the General Mission
Board. Jas. F. Thomas and Samuel Henry were chosen as
members of the Missionary Committee.
The Committee recommended the employment of a min-
ister who could give all his time to the work. The principal
things recommended were constancy in work in Sunday School
lines, visiting, meeting with the Missionary Committee, preach-
ing. His compensation was fixed at $1.25 per day.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 75
At this time, the first church of the Brethren
1897 or East Los Angeles Church was admitted out of
the Tropico Church and enrolled in this District
Meeting in Los Angeles.
Egan Church, C. J. Brandt.
Lordsburg, E. A. Miller, B. F. Masterson
Covina, D. A. Norcross, Darius Overholtzer
Los Angeles, J. D. Buckwalter, M. M. Eshelman
Inglewood, Philip Moore,
Not represented Merced, and Conejo, California and Glen-
Elder J. S. Mohler, Moderator, E. A. Miller, Reading Clerk,
M. M. Eshelman Secretary and D. A. Norcross, assistant.
The Monrovia Mission gave good promise. Elder S. C.
Holsinger was employed during the year and he preached one
hundred and thirty eight sermons and two were received into
the church. A special mission fund had been created and an
educational fund started. The total receipts for the year were
$413.11. Balance from last year $346.09. Total for the year
$759.20. J. D. Buckwalter was placed upon the committee in
place of Darius Overholtzer. Samuel Henry resigned and
Geo. F. Chemberlen placed in his stead.
Covina called a Bible School somewhere in the District.
Its features were to be : Location of easy access for ministers.
Ministers to be used immediately at its close in local congrega-
tions. A committee chosen recommended
1. A committee of Arrangements.
2. Committee on Program.
3. Session of one week at least.
4. Work to embrace preaching, Sunday School and Bible
5. Reports from Sunday Schools.
6. Lessons to be distributed prior to the meeting.
7. Missionary sermon to be preached in each congrega-
tion prior to Bible School.
8. Chairman of Committee of Arrangements to preside
at the School.
76 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
9. Name of School to be "The Bible School and
10. One day to be given to Sunday School.
11. Committee of Arrangements, P. S. Myers, J. D.
Buckwalter, Homer Milton Baker.
12. Committee on Program, M. M. Eshelman, S. G.
Lehmer, E. A. Miller.
These meetings were herd in Los Angeles, 234 S. Han-
cock Street, the attendance was large. Elder Andrew Hutch-
inson edifyingly preached each evening. E. A. Miller gave but
two lessons and M. M. Eshelman taught two lessons each day
for one week giving outlines on blackboard. The Missionary
lesson was given on comparative religions by means of colored
chalk on blackboard and cards on a string stretched across the
platform. Here a collection was given for a house at Chan-
ning Mission. Enough was secured to erect a neat house.
Elder J. W. Metzger gave the first dollars — ten of them!
The call for Annual Meeting was based upon the rate
that might be offered by the railways to passengers from east
of the Rocky Mountains. The call was for 1898.
The main features of improvement of missionary
Missionary plan were :
Plan Im- 1. A suitable minister to be located at Colton.
proved. (S. C. Urey was located, but after a few months
M. M. Eshelman took the place.
2. A minister to locate at Pomona. B. F. Masterson took
3. All lines of Christian work were to be observed by
these ministers giving all their time to the Cause.
4. To make complete report at next District Meeting.
5. Solicitors for means to be chosen at this meeting, after
nominations have been made.
Subscriptions to this cause may be made payable in
four equal installments.
6. The Mission Board to pay rents, fuel and lights and
other necessary expenses at all mission points.
7. Delegates to elect the missionaries.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 77
8. The continuation of services was provided for after
the first year.
9. When either place is sufficiently strengthened to sup-
port itself, then organization shall be effected.
Solicitors chosen were D. A. Norcross, Andrew Over-
holtzer, Sarah Gnagey. And they succeeded grandly in their
work. State Evangelist, P. S. Myers.
Elder I. D. Parker was conditionally delegated to Annual
Meeting and E. A. Miller authorized to state the District's
needs before Standing Committee. The Mission Board the
same as the former year. Geo. F. Chemberlen being chairman
and J. C. Whitmer, Secretary.
District Meeting of 1898 waa held in Lordsburg,
1898 March 24th. Elder J. W. Trostle, Moderator;
E. A. Miller, Reading Clerk; M. M. Eshelman, Sec-
retary, and T. J. Nair, assistant.
Delegates: Egan, I. M. Gibbel.
Lordsburg, E. A. Miller, S. J. Miller.
Covina, D. Overholtzer, G. F. Chemberlen.
Los Angeles, J. D. Buckwalter, Aaron Wolf
Inglewood, J. F. Thomas.
Merced and Conejo, California and Glendale,
Arizona, not represented.
At some of the former Meetings transient or ministers
spending the winter in California were chosen to preside, but
at this meeting it was resolved that Elders residing in Califor-
nia only should be chosen to preside because in the interim,
the moderator was needed, and the transient being gone the
The Los Angeles Church asked that elders and Ministers
be reimpressed with the great need of teaching that all mem-
bers should the more earnestly give heed to Heb. xiii 1 and
1 Tim. 2:10 and more and more get away from fashionable
dressing and greediness for gain and filthy lucre.
The work this year was ably forwarded as the reports
show. Brother S. C. Urey's four months in Colton gave good
78 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
results. Sunday School sessions, fourteen; sermons, twenty-
eight ; collections $2.75. Conversions one.
M. M. Eshelman's eight months work at Colton showed
Pastoral visits, sixty, number visited two hundred and ten,
prayers in families, twenty-two, Prayer Meetings twenty-eight.
Total attendance 599. Bible class services twenty eight. Sun-
day School sessions, thirty three. Total attendance six hun-
dred and sixty four. Bibles and testaments present, thirty-
three, contributions $11.95. Sermons by pastor, seventy-two,
by others, twenty-four. Total of all services one hundred and
eighty-five, tracts and Messenger given out nine hundred and
fifty. Conversions four, Money contributed $44.63.
The Pomona Mission, by B. F. Masterson, reported as
follows: Average attendance was twenty-eight, sermons deli-
vered seventy, (the remainder of the report is missing in the
records.) From knowledge of the writer it can be said that
Brother Masterson was greatly helped by the Lord and that
from this work has grown the Pomona Church.
Five thousand tracts were distributed during the year by
Brother C. S. Holsinger was employed a short time and
did good work in Los Angeles. He was released April 19th
from further effort, to return to his home in Kansas.
Two hundred and thirty sermons had been delivered dur-
ing the year and eight souls were enrolled as saved.
The amount received for missions $809.63 Balance from
last year $456.67. Total $1266.30. Balance on hand $249.02.
Sister Ella Buckwalter was given charge of Channing
Street Mission Sunday School. The Gospel Messenger was
sent into twenty-five families. Eight persons were converted.
Arrangements for the second Bible School and Missionary
Committee of Arrangements, I. M. Gibbel, J. W. Metzger,
D. J. Overholtzer.
Committee on Program, S. J. Miller, M. M. Eshelman. J.
State Missionary, J. W. Trostle.
Member of Standing Committee, Andrew Hutchinson.
Call was made for 1899 Annual Meeting.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 79
Conference held in Covina, March 23rd. The dele-
1899 gate enrollment was —
Egan Church — Abram Gibbel, J. W. Priser.
Colton Church — Amos Neher.
Dos Palos Church — Aaron Julius.
Covina — Geo. F. Chemberlen.
Los Angeles Church — Aaron Wolfe, S. W. Funk.
Inglewood — James Thomas.
Lordsburg Church — Thomas Keiser, A. R. Moomaw.
Moderator, — P. S. Myers, Reading Clerk, B. F. Master-
Secretary — S. G. Lehmer, Assistant D. A. Norcross.
An evening session was held at which B. F. Masterson
presided on account of the illness of the Moderator. This is
the second instance on this coast that a brother in the second
degree of the ministry presided over a District Meeting, and
the felicities and energies did not suffer any loss by it.
David Overholtzer was chosen to serve on the Mission
Board for three years, Thomas Keiser for one year, and Aaron
Wolfe for two years.
D. A. Norcross was selected to fill the Colton Mission
and S. W. Funk was placed over Channing Street Mission,
Los Angeles. The Monrovia Mission was closed because the
interest was wanting and the Covina Ministerial Board refused
further effort there.
Receipts from all sources for missions $914.66, expendi-
tures $781.32; balance on hand, $192.91.
A. A. Neher reported work at Colton. Number of morn-
ing services 46 ; evening services 33, prayer meetings, 37 ; Sun-
day School services, 45; enrollment, 49.
S. W. Funk and Ella Buckwalter reported the Channing
Street Sunday School for the four quarters beginning April
18, 1898 and ending March 1899. Second quarter 1898, en-
rollment was 71, total attendance 903, average 69. Third
quarter of 1898, enrollment 53, average attendance 50, total
attendance 640. Fourth quarter, enrollment 91, average at-
tendance, 55, total attendance 714. First quarter 1899, enroll-
ment 81, average attendance 57, Total attendanre 621. Col-
80 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
lections during the year $50.42. Expenditures $42.58. Bal-
ance $7.84. This was a grand showing under the disadvan-
tages that surrounded the school. Sister Buckwalter was a
great and persistent worker among children and Brother Funk
knew no defeats.
Later, Brother and Sister Buckwalter secured an attend-
ance of forty to forty-five at the services. They were, for a
time, opposed by a picture show near the place of services.
The Pomona Mission was presided over, part of the time,
by B. F. Masterson. There were 32 sermons, average attend-
ance at Sunday School, thirty.
Brother B. F. Masterson was sent to Glendale, Arizona
Church and labored there from October 23rd to November 13,
The attendance was limited on account of some misun-
derstandings among membership. The church was then in the
care of Elder Peter Forney, then a very able and tender house-
keeper, but now has passed on awaiting his rewards. Brother
Masterson held some meetings at Cold Water. Then he went
sixty miles over mountains in a crude conveyance to Verde
Valley, the home of C. E. Gillett. Here he did good work
and had the pleasure of putting that place on a sound basis
for future work. The contributions for expenses amounted
to $55.00 on the trip . On the way home he preached once in
the Baptist Church in Prescott.
Arrangements were made at this District Meeting for a
Bible School at Long Beach, which was held under the aus-
pices of the home ministry and that indefatigable worker I. N.
H. Beahm now of Virginia. The Committee of Arrangements
were Aaron Wolfe, S. W. Funk, Geo. Chemberlen, and on
Program S. G. Lehmer, B. F. Masterson and J. S. Flory.
B. F. Masterson acted as Moderator of the school.
Future District Meetings were to be held the fourth
Thursday of March. The activities on all useful lines were
provided for in the spirit of love.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN SI
This meeting was held in Lordsburg — the educa-
1900 tional mecca of the Pacific Coast friends of colleges.
Elder J. W. Trostle, a man of very blissful qualities
and deep in charity, and high in the Christian qualities which
command respect, was Moderator. Christian Wine, the silent,
quiet, graceful and enduring qualities of heart: — a student of
the University of Virginia, and well informed in the Scrip-
tures, was Reading Clerk.
E. T. Keiser, he of fearless mien, and steady reasoner on
his feet, always glad to be right, and a ready worker when in
unabrading harness, was the "scribe" or Secretary, Justus H.
Cline, the collegian then and mild in manner, well equipped
for recording activities, was Assistant Secretary.
The Glendora Church sought to have adopted a series of
statistical questions, so that useful information might come to
the District Meeting in the interests of winning back more of
the Lord's money for His use. It sought to know the number
of appointments for preaching, sermons preached, councils,
conversions, transfers, total membership, officials, and elections
of officers and Sunday School statistics and treasurer's reports.
East Los Angeles asked that "the next" Bible School be
held there. It was referred to the Locating Committee.
The Lordsburg Church sought the active succor of An-
nual Conference on District Sunday School organization as
extended by General Conference in 1899. The District re-
sponded by electing Jesse Overholtzer as Secretary, who's
qualities were zealous, warm, forceful and organizing. He
made a good First District Sunday School Secretary, and har-
moniously organized the then somewhat independent forces.
The same congregation asked that the District Meeting
be permitted to charge a reasonable price for meals at District
Meetings so as to give grace to equality of burden bearing, and
it was so agreed.
Lordsburg Church also asked that the Annual Meeting
petition the President of the United States and Congress to
restrain the baneful liquor traffic in the United States. And
the District Meeting forwarded the request.
The District Mission Board solicited help to secure more
82 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
efficient solicitors and permission to purchase valuable books
for poor preachers, and received authority.
The Mission Board was authorized to secure a State char-
ter in order that the financial and property interests of the
Church might conform to the State laws.
The Treasurer of the Board reported cash on hand and
collected $1179.31 and expended $1029.97; a balance of $149.
34. The money was expended in Los Angeles, Colton and
The Channing Street, Los Angeles, Mission, under the
care of S. W. Funk, gave evidence of the beginning of rich
The Colton Mission was under the direction of W. M.
Piatt, who has very genial heart-qualities — a presenter of
Truth in winsomeness, serious, yet animating and unbigoted.
While there were no conversions there were quickenings in
members. Peter Enfield, the good, was chosen deacon, and a
lovefeast was enjoyed. There were fifty-seven preaching ser-
vices, forty Prayer Meetings, forty-seven Sunday School ses-
sions and collections to the amount of $7.72.
The District Meeting was held in East Los Angeles
1901 Assembly, March 27th. Nine congregations were
represented by eleven delegates. S. E. Yundt pre-
sided. He is a man of sterling character, brought up in a
strong rural district in Illinois — a man of strong convictions —
well fixed and not easily pried loose, from Truth.
W. I. T. Hoover was the ready reader. Having well
trained mental qualities, he read with ease and grace. E. T.
Keiser was Recording Secretary and did it with ease. W. M.
Piatt was his ready Assistant.
The last year's tabled paper seeking statistical means
was lifted from its place and set out for discussion.
Covina came asking that all literature "purporting to set
forth the doctrine of the Brethren" be examined before its
circulation. And the Conference kindly gave it operation by
choosing J. W. Trostle, Edmund Forney and G. F. Chem-
berlen to winnow out the hurtful features and hold fast the
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 83
The Covina congregation sought information concerning
the application of Titus 2:1, 1 Cor. 11:3 and James 5:14, 15
as related to some one who claimed to be the "Great American
Healer." This question elicited much and varied discussion,
for it was the revival of some very ancient practices, not ap-
proved by Jehovah, under new names. The Conference de-
cided it wrong and asked correctives be applied congregationly.
C. E. Gillette reported that up to March 1, 1901 he had
traveled 1365 miles in mission effort, preached 135 sermons,
attended three funerals, held six Bible Meetings, and four
councils, two lovefeasts, and baptized eight. G. F. Chemberlen
assisted with his sermons. J. W. Trostle was sent to Ari-
zona to render assistance. S. G. Lehmer presented tidings
concerning State work at Bangor, two weeks preaching and
The report of Channing Street, Los Angeles, Mission was
given by S. W. Funk, Weekly Bible readings and preaching and
Sunday School, which averaged sixty-two and enrollment 179.
M. M. Eshelman conducted a two weeks service. Twenty
were converted, the church house was enlarged and the attend-
ance commendably increased.
The District Meeting Treasurer reported receipts of $714.
63, balance from last year $149.34 or a total of $863.97 and
expenditures of $755.89, leaving unused in the treasury
The annual report of the Sunday School Secretary will
be found in the Sunday Development Department.
A. M. White, a Brother of large, congenial propensities,
sterling in character, was given place on the Mission Board.
S. W. Funk was continued at Channing Mission. C. E. Gillette
was given continued work at Verde, Arizona. G. F. Cham-
berlen was made State Missionary; J. S. Kuns was retained
Treasurer, E. T. Keiser, A. M. White and S. E. Deckar were
to look after the District Bible School and Missionary Meeting,
J. Overholtzer was retained as Sunday School Secretary, and
Stephen Yoder, a man long tried in Godly service, and father
of a noble set of boys and girls, some of whom are noted edu-
cators, was sent to Annual Meeting as a member of the Stand-
84 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
The various "good works for necessary uses" was ani-
mated by this healthful conference and members realized that
spiritual interests were genial and helpful to all.
This District Meeting was held at Covina, March
1902 17. Nine congregations were enrolled and twelve
delegates were present. G. F. Chamberlen was
Moderator, who has studied conciseness and parliamentary
usages somewhat, and applies them with a firm grip. Like all
men, he has likes and dislikes, both of which are interwoven in
his judicial and affectional fiber. Where turbulance and unfeel-
ing aggressiveness are characteristics, George would hold the
reins with a degree of stability reaching all around success.
He could mix a little ductility with firmness which does not
injure his presiding qualities. He makes a good presiding
officer, however, and is useful to his associates. S. G. Lehmer
was Reading Clerk; W. M. Piatt, Secretary and S. W. Funk
A committee was chosen to draft a new plan for mission-
izing, because Colton, Inglewood and East Los Angeles asked
for changes. This Committee, S. A. Overholtzer, J. B. Netzly,
C. Wine, Grant Bowman D. A. Norcross, evolved the fol-
lowing features: (1) To missionize, (2) To seek suitable
persons to conduct missions, (3) To meet all expenses, (4)
To apportion probable expenses to local churches, (5) To co-
operate with the local church in which missions exist.
Five members shall constitute the Mission Board, (1)
Shall incorporate under the laws of California, (2) Devise
rneans to meet expenses, (3) Given power to appoint and re-
move workers, (4) To find mission points, (5) Shall recom-
mend church organizations when necessary, (6) Report an-
nually to District Meeting, (7) Shall not violate any rule of
Annual Meeting, all work to be thoroughly done.
Covina asked the Annual Meeting whether it is right to
"practice the art of magnetic or hypnotic or mesmeric heal-
ing." This "art" at this time, had a fiery trail all over the
United States, and as usual with spasms, some of the dear
brethren and sisters were swept into the maelstrom, thus "con-
forming to the world." It had its advocates on the ground
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 85
that like the saloon "doing some good work," for the
saloon fed, clothed and housed the liquor men and their fami-
lies, and this "magnetic art" dispelled headaches and nervous
disorders and put doctors out of a good many ducats, and dis-
tributed the dollars among the magnetists — present and
"absent" treatments including the "art" like "witchery," "pow-
wowing," "necromancy," "sorcery" and "familiar spiritism"
of old, had its run, left many aches and "voids" and vacancies
The organization of the Fruitvale Church by Elder Geo.
W. Hoxie was confirmed. The expenses of District Com-
mittees sent to Churches to "set things in order" to be paid
out of District funds.
A very outstanding principle was considered, that of call-
ing all members into judgment on questions not acted on by
Annual Conference. It was agreed that "We think such prac-
tice not in accordance with the love and spirit of the Bible,
nor in harmony with the general practice of the Brotherhood,
therefore wrong." This answer was by the Inglewood Church
but the District Meeting rejected it by returning it.
A petition to the Annual Meeting asking that ministers
who are mechanics and common laborers, should have clergy
permits from railroads, the former thus having the preference.
Six hundred dollars were asked of the local churches for
missionary work. A Certificate of Incorporation by the State
of California was read and approved.
C. E. Gillette from Verde, Arizona, preached 114 sermons,
traveled 1206 miles, held six councils, one lovefeast, and bap-
S. W. Funk at Channing Mission testified that thirteen
were baptized, one reclaimed, and five applicants for admission
to membership. A brother purchased a lot for a church house.
The attendance at all services was good. The contribution for
the District Mission was $820.75, cash balance $109.12, or a
total of $929.85, and expenses $928.65.
This is the first year of detailed statistical information
by the elders. Three deaths, twenty-two ministers, thirty-five
deacons, an enrollment of 472, addition by conversions fifty-
86 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
four, by certificate sixty-six, disowned twenty-three were
reported from seven churches.
S. E, Yundt was chosen Representative Trustee of the
Brethren Hospital in Chicago. D. J. Overholtzer, S. A. Over-
holtzer, and J. Overholtzer were elected members of the Mis-
sion Board; W. M. Piatt was chosen Sunday School Secre-
tary, S. G. Lehmer, J. W. Cline, G. F. Chemberlen to animate
the "Bible School and Missionary" interests, and to secure
place and conduct that service. J. S. Kuns continued as Treas-
urer. No representative to the Annual Meeting.
The State Conference was held in Colton, March
1903 26th. Twelve churches composed the District ; nine
had sixteen delegates. S. G. Lehmer presided. W.
C. Hanawalt did the reading. E. T. Keiser and J. Overholtzer
The missionary interests were in the hands of H. R. and
Sarah Taylor and Susie Forney at Channing Mission. The
number of sermons and lectures by Brother Taylor, the easy,
graceful and spiritual speaker, were sixty-five, and fifteen ser-
mons by J. Overholtzer, seven conversions. It was a year of
prosperity and encouragement.
The Verde, Arizona, interests showed that eleven hun-
dred and fifteen miles had been traveled, one hundred and eight
sermons delivered, one feast held, and two baptized.
S. W. Funk, assisted by Kate Newsome, reported that
God's work in Channing Mission was prosperous.
The Lordsburg congregation asked that each local church
should have the privilege to choose the presiding or leading
elder for one year, which means that any local church adopt-
ing this may annually elect an overseer.
The Sunday School forces agreed to support a missionary
in India, and this District Meeting ratified the action. The
Sunday Schools are supporting Sister Emmert
The statistical report from eight of the twelve congrega-
tions indicated that twenty-four were baptized, fourteen dis-
owned, a gain of ten; the number of members was not
S. G. Lehmer was chosen State Missionary. There was no re-
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 87
port of work from this source the past year. Edmund Forney
became representative on the Standing Committee. J. W.
Cline, E. T. Keiser, C. W. Hanawalt were named as Program
Committee. S. A. Overholtzer, D. A. Norcross and W. M.
Piatt Committee of Arrangements for Bible School and Mis-
sionary Meeting. These institutions were great helps in Bible
Study and were esteemed as extremely edifying to the mem-
bership of the District. They unified fellowship and gave evi-
dence of fealty to God.
The District Conference was held in Inglewood —
1904 (the lovely spot six miles from the Pacific Ocean).
Thirteen congregations were represented. S. E.
Yundt presided, W. C. Hanawalt read, S. G. Lehmer and J.
Overholtzer recorded. Seventeen delegates were present
and active. The Mission Board presented report
showing that the workers at Channing Street, Los
Angeles, were Susie Forney, J. W. Cline and George H.
Bashor, S. W. Funk worked in Santa Ana, but was compelled
to retire on account of the illness and death of his beloved wife.
Kate Newsome .George Shamberger, and S. W. Eby did some
of the work, the membership being organized March 13th,
Elder Lilligh taking charge. Two were baptized. The Verde-
Arizona Mission was abandoned, C. E. Gillette having
moved to other parts. The written reports of Kate Newsome
at Santa Ana and Susie Forney at Channing, the first reports
by sisters, are models of valuable information. Girls indus-
trial work here comes in for the first time. D. L. Miller gave
excellent teachings at Channing Street, and twenty were con-
verted. The money side shows receipts to the amount of
$2280.52 and expenses were 2110.35. This includes loan of
Covina wanted to know whether Sunday School picnics
were allowable. The amusement question is big either for good
or evil — for edification or for destruction. The word "amuse"
means "to occupy the mind lightly," from the Latin "musa,"
a song, signifying to allure the attention by anything as light
and airy as a song." "Whatever amuses serves to kill time,
to lull the faculties, and banish reflection: it may be solitary,
88 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
sedentary and lifeless." It would seem that no Christian
should have occasion to "kill time" — to murder. Yet a Christ-
ian should "lull" or rest his faculties. But should he "banish
reflection?" Reflection is the turning back up on one's self
for moral and spiritual improvement and to collect our duties
toward our Maker. Will it pay to banish this gift of God to
satisfy and gratify "the lust of the eyes?" On the other hand
is there not an amusement of entertainment, an amusement of
recreation, a diversion which truly edifies? I do not speak of
the theatrical, the racing, the gambling, publicly foolish exhi-
bitions which beguile or a fraud, practices upon the spiritual-
ities, but of the amusement of Joyousness — "let the Children
of Zion be joyful in their King" — "to be full of Godly pleas-
ure." But the pleasure that leads to unrighteousness, to law-
lessness to God and the Church are to be shunned. To choose
between the recreating amusement and the destructive comes
only through much sincere and holy prayer. It is not more
"lightmindedness" that we need but more real holy sobriety with
cheerful, confiding hearts in Church. God certainly will not
become displeased with that holy being who winnows out of
his life the excresences of disfavor and the mutilation of de-
A committee composed of W. J. Thomas, Henry Lilligh,
and D. A. Norcross prepared an answer which was adopted.
It reads : "Sunday School celebrations, picnics and entertain-
ments, as the world practices them, should be avoided by all
good Sunday Schools as conducted by our brotherhood, and
should be discouraged by all who have the watchful eye on
the welfare of their future good."
Through a committee, S. W. Funk, W. M. Piatt, and H.
A. Whistler, it was agreed that the relation between the Sun-
day School convention and the District Meeting, is that the
Sunday School is a creation of the District Meeting and that
the former can petition and ask from the District Meeting
whatever is for her edification. This ground seems well taken
in harmony with the principle and usages of the Church. The
creatures are always subject to the creator, and worthy of the
creator's sustenance and support.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 89
The Los Angeles Church was a supplicant for the creation
of fourth Annual Meeting District to be known at the "Coast
District" to include all the States west of the one hundred and
ten degree of west longitude, this Territory to have the Annual
Meeting once to twice in each of the other territories. This
was granted by Annual Conference and became operative for
the first time in 1907 in Los Angeles. P. S. Myers was the
framer of this petition because he long and earnestly labored
to have Conference in California. He lived to see his fond
Nine local churches presented partial statistical reports
from which it may be gleaned that forty-seven persons were
baptized, thirty-six of whom were in the East Los Angeles
Church. Statistics on losses are unobtainable. About one
thousand sermons were delivered and feasts held to the praise
The Conference was held in Glendora, March 23rd.
1905 Thirteen churches were enrolled, and twenty dele-
gates were present. G. F. Chamberlen served as
Moderator, W. E. Trostle as Reader, and W. C. Hanawalt and
S. G. Lehmer as Recorders.
The Missionary interests at Channing Street were under
the care of J. Z. Gilbert; and Susie Forney, Kate Newsome,
D. L. Forney and S. M. Eby were active at Santa Ana. A
new mission at Vernon was opened under the care of W. H.
Wertenbaker, which later developed into the South Los
Angeles Church. H. R. Taylor did some work at Bangor,
California, and W. E. Trostle at Verde, Arizona. The amount
of money was $2255.08 and expenditures $2212.05. The
balance was $43.93. One was received by conversion at Santa
The Glendora Church originated the call for Annual Meet-
ing for 1907, and it was sent to the Standing Committee.
A petition from East Los Angeles asking for the dismissal
from official confidence those who refuse to comply with the
General Church's requirements on non-conformity principles
is of record, but the conclusion is not noted. This year's record
90 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
of the District Meeting has lost out in answers upon several
The Elders of the various congregations report some in-
formation. Lordsburg reported four baptisms, 158 members.
Covina was favored with eighteen conversions and a member-
ship of 156. Tropico had twenty-eight members. Fruitvale
had fifteen members. Oak Grove had one hundred members
and twenty-one conversions. Glendora had seventy-five mem-
bers and three conversions. Egan had eighteen members and
one conversion. Colton had seventeen members and four con-
versions. Santa Ana had twenty-four members and two con-
versions. Inglewood had a membership of sixty-one and two
conversions. Glendale, Arizona, Church had thirty-three mem-
bers. Thus a total of six hundred and fifty-nine in ten con-
gregations and fifty-three conversions ; Oak Grove, Fresno
County, having twenty-one of these, and Covina eighteen. The
conversions reported were about nine per cent of the mem-
Fifteen congregations were represented by nine
1906 delegates. George F. Chamberlen superintended the
assembly. G. G. Lehmer read the papers. S. G.
Lehmer and W. E. Trostle served as recorders.
The Missionary interests. The Santa Ana work was
upheld by D. L. Forney a part of the time and by some
of the ministers of the District. The Channing Street Mission
was energized by Susie Forney and J. W. Cline. During the
year this Mission was turned over to the East Los Angeles
Church. The Vernon Mission was under the superintendency
of W. H. Wertenbaker. An addition was put to the house
for class rooms. C. W. Guthrie retired from the Mission
Board and was succeeded by G. G. Lehmer, a man of caloric
proclivities in whatever he undertakes. Schooled in the Penn-
sylvania State Normal School, he is of a keen analytical bent.
While it is not in keeping with the Gospel of Christ to measure
a man by the amount of "stuff" a man has accumulated, his
mental dimensions can be taken by his methods of expression.
This minister is clear and measurable forceful in the presenta-
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 91
tion of spiritual truths. No one need be in doubt as to where
he lays his expressions.
Brother Guthrie retired with grace. He is a meek and
sympathetic character. His travels around the globe are en-
twined in his memory and with a commendable quality of clear-
ness he expresses, with stereopticon views, the things he has
seen and heard. God has use for Brother C. W. Guthrie.
The Treasurer of the Mission Board statistically reported
presented receipts to the amount of $1493.66 and expenses
amounting to $1492.01.
Under the form of queries, the Lordsburg Church asked
that the Colton Church be disorganized, stating the ground to
be that so many of the members have gone to other places.
There is no record of what was done by the District Meeting.
It is to be regretted that men, otherwise recognized for abilities,
do fall by the wayside when placed in recording positions.
Sometimes secretaries of assemblies are born, rather than
manufactured in schools, and then the historian assembles the
facts with pleasure. We sometime will learn that the biggest
and finest thing is an exact man.
The East Los Angeles Church petitioned that the Annual
Meeting of 1907 be held in California, and Oak Grove invited
the District into her fold in 1907. It was agreed that the
Annual Bible School and Missionary Meeting should held in
the Lordsburg College.
Elder J. W. Trostle, the man of simplicity and love repre-
sented at General Conference. His son, W. E. Trostle, became
Thirteen congregations statistically presented the follow-
ing: Baptisms, 27. Total membership, 969.
The Conference was held March 28th in the Oak
1907 Grove Church, Fresno County, near Laton. Eighteen
congregations, having twenty-one delegates, were in
conference. The local churches now composing the District of
California and Arizona were Butte Valley, Covina, Egan,
Fruitvale, Glendora, Glendale, Arizona, Inglewood, East Los
Angeles, Lordsburg, Long Beach, Pasadena, Oak Grove,
92 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Reedly, South Los Angeles, Sacramento Valley, Stanislaus,
Tropico; Verde, Arizona.
The business sessions were presided over by S. E. Yundt,
Moderator ; C. W. Hanawalt, Reader ; M. M. Eshelman, Secre-
tary, and W. E. Trostle, Assistant. The usual rules and order
of business were adopted. The order of business is as follows :
1, Report of Missions; 2, Report of Churches; 3, Election of
District Officers and Committees; 4, Papers or Queries; 5,
The Mission Board stated that they began the year with-
out funds. The Vernon Mission became the South Los Angeles
Church. W. J. Thomas gave some labor to Santa Ana. A.
Hutchinson and J. A. Miller held revival services at Santa Ana.
Brother Hutchinson is known as the "Walking Bible" because
he seems to carry it about in memory to such a fullness that
people have come to call the Bible a walker. For about two
score years he has devoted all his time to religious services,
going over the Brotherhood, strengthening the churches and
winning sinners to God. Without collegiate training he cer-
tainly stands as a monument of hope for all who never were
able to be literated. God will always have those who are
trained in scholastics and those who are untrained in litera-
ture, provided they are heart-consecrated to him. He reads
the world movements and decides justly always. The biggest
and finest thing in God's great world of human beings is a
clean, white-souled, honest, pure man, no difference what man's
estimation or standard may be. Brother Hutchinson is big
with the truth of God, or rather God's truth has made him
big in God. Brother J. A. Miller is also "unlettered" as the
time puts bellesletter. He is a man strong in conviction of the
Word, fearless in the exposition and has the gift of depth in
Gospel principles applied in their felicities and adhesiveness to
God. Things divine stick fast in Brother Miller.
Members reported by thirteen congregations were 932.
Baptized during the year, 9. The additions by certificate in
nine churches were 86.
Edmund Forney was delegated to represent the Annual
Meeting in Los Angeles.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 93
At the close of the Conference the petition from Fruitvale
Church to organize a new district was considered. The officers
of the meeting were authorized to organize said district. The
following named churches were enrolled : Fruitvale, Oak
Grove, Reedley, Sacramento Valley, Butte Valley.
Thus began a new Conference — one disposed to be far-
reaching in its endeavors to extend the Master's Cause on this
Found the Conference in Inglewood, March 26th,
1908 with thirteen churches enrolled and twenty-two
representatives present. This was the last District
Meeting for our aged Brother, Stephen Yoder, who led the
exercises in prayer. He was a clear thinker, a ready worker
and loved the association of the brethren and sisters.
The Commttee on the plan for developing the Christian
Workers reported and it was given a genial reception and
placed on record for work.
It was at his meeting that the Lordsburg College, begun
in 1889 when a few brothers investigated the feasibility and
later formulated the operative measures, was given recognition.
After some discussion it was agreed to accept the "stock
and endowment fund forever," and chose for Trustees, W. C.
Hanawalt for one year, D. A. Norcross and S. E. Yundt for
two years, George F. Chemberlen and W. E. Trostle for three
The Golden State Home and Orphanage here took a more
definite form by the reports, the Trustees having taken the
preliminary steps to incorporate. The Trustees were authorized
to incorporate and prosecute the work. Elder Philip A. Moore
had bequeathed $200.00, which was the monetary nucleus for
this "good work for necessary uses."
There was also inaugurated here a Program for Christian
Workers meetings. This was a short method to get a program
which belonged to each local congregation, but it had in it
the merit of unification on spiritual lines. The ministry of
the church stands preeminent as educators of the church. Thev
are divinely obtained and provided with authority to teach
94 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
everywhere, but as not all filled the measure, and some of the
latent talent of the church desired outlets for expressive truth,
the General Conference delegated the right to each local church
to make effective the dominant principles given to all the mem-
bers of the body. Hence, "Christian Workers" means that
every member may read, pray and speak publicly to edify the
body assembled. It is not designated for any class, but for
all. And the more the "all" exercise and promote the cause, the
less liability to division. This District Meeting granted the
right to program the exercises. Laura Brubaker, Sarah Brandt
and Sarah Wertenbaker were the members to give some prac-
tical form to the next meeting. The sisters are here in an
active sense. They have come to their own in a way, highly
honorable to themselves. Long have they waited for their
Gospel rights to help operate certain constructive principles.
Potent is their influence for good. Long silence in many of
the most profitable exercises has fitted them for simplicity in
their callings. For centuries they have abided in great quietude,
obeying, submitting, imbibing, absorbing, then giving out the
quiet impulse with a fervor which moulded many a great
character. This training, this long schooling has fitted the
sisters for the best possible work. They have come into pos-
session of their own without rebellion, without a striking hand,
without an indecent arrogance to spot the clearness. And so
the Lord has blessed us all, our mothers and sisters, fathers,
brothers, sons and daughters. The very simplicity which was
so long developing came to maturity, ripe with experiences of
unmurmuring submission and of unity, and may peace continue
with its fructifying fruitages.
South Los Angeles Church had now grown to a
1909 well-rounded out congregation, and on March 25th
the thirteen churches were represented by twenty-
three delegates. Elder D. L. Miller read a scriptural lesson
(1 Cor. 13) and Elder Moses Deardorff of Iowa asked bless-
ings for the meeting. Edmund Forney was called to moderate
the assembly, S. G. Lehmer to read the papers, and M. M.
Eshelman and J. W. Cline to record the proceedings. The
usual rules being adopted, the report of committees was taken
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 95
up. The one on the plan for a more extensive energizing of
latent talent was considered. The committee having the matter
in charge reported that very little progress had been made.
The amount of religious machinery in local churches rendered
it difficult to introduce another operative principle. Overload-
ing is just as possible in lines of work as overloading the
digestive organs. Overloading clogs healthy digestion.
The Trustees of the Golden State Home and Orphanage
announced that Lordsburg College was absorbing so much in-
terest in the district that it was not possible to collect funds for
this very needful project. Much as the Golden State Home
and Orphanage is needed, it is dormant on account of the
interests of the young people. No one has as yet risen to
energize in behalf of the needy aged.
An inquiry came from the South Los Angeles Church
"whether a congregation supporting a pastor has the right to
say to any other minister" in that congregation "shall not
expect to take his regular turn in preaching." This ministerial
subject was presented to General Conference for ultimate
decision and through higher counsel returned unanswered —
not likely because it was unanswerable, but because it lacked
weightiness. It was in all probability purely local in its
Lordsburg asked Annual Meeting that "hereafter no
question shall be declared lost" that receives more than one-
hall of the affirmative vote, but to be regarded as a deferred
'question. This attempt at amendment of rule eleven of Gen-
eral Conference did not receive enough affirmative votes to
The Covina Church asked that the Christian Workers be
organized, and the Conference "organized" them. Of course,
this looks like organizing the church over because all the mem-
bers are Christian Workers unless we have reached the abilities
to call out the drones by measuring each by the amount of
verbal expression he can put forth. Likely the organization
simply looked toward the moderating, programming and record-
ing of concerted efforts of all the local assemblies. It was
agreed that such meetings be held the day following the Sunday
96 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Los Angeles asked District Meeting to create a committee
to codify the District Minutes and prepare a "brief history" of
each congregation. This was agreed to and W. E. Trostle,
M. M. Eshelman, A. M. White, D. A. Norcross and B. F.
Masterson were elected.
The Mission Board's statement included the facts concern-
ing the work in Santa Ana by J. A. Miller, South Los Angeles
interests were served by W. H. Wertenbaker, the man of quiet,
forceful endeavor, and Imperial Valley was being developed in
living truth by W. M. Piatt. The Treasurer reported receipts
and balances at the beginning at $2357.13, and outlays as
$1954.21, leaving an unexpended balance of $302.92. In this
was included $500.00 contributed toward extension of church
house in South Los Angeles congregation.
The Committee on Bible School funds had receipts of
$506.71, all of which was expended, most of it paid to Marian
D. Shock as teacher of the Bible Department in the Lordsburg
J. A. Miller was sent to represent the District at General
Conference at St. Joseph, Missouri.
The Treasurer of Lordsburg College reported receipts of
$4721.23 and the borrowing of $600.00 to meet the demands of
the school year, and that the expenditures were $5381.80, leav-
ing a deficit of $660.57.
The total membership reported was 1097, conversions 45,
and 16 Sunday Schools in operation all the year. For the first
time there were uniform reports, the Secretary having sent
blanks to the congregations. In this way it was easy to collate
the reports and get near the statistical facts.
On April 16, 1909, a special District Meeting was held in
South Los Angeles Church with reference to the Lordsburg
This District Meeting was held at the Pacific Ocean,
1910 the first time in the history of the Church of the
Brethren. Long Beach had made ample prepara-
tions for the Conference, March 24th, and thirteen congrega-
tions represented by twenty-two delegates met with a large
number of other members. S. E. Yundt was chosen Mode-
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 97
rator, W. H. Wertenbaker Reading Clerk, W. F. England
and J. A. Brubaker Secretaries by what is known as "the
open ballot," which when understood means the ballots were
read aloud to the congregation. This is one way of all knowing.
The receipts for Missions were $2678.00, and outlays
$2745.00, with a balance of $235.00.
Conference decided to elect an Auditing Committee of
three to audit the books and legal papers of the district of
Southern California and Arizona. The following officers were
elected: E. R. Yundt for three years, N. J. Brubaker for two
years and Wm. H. Keim for one year, 1911. The same offi-
cials are still serving in same capacity, having been re-elected
at expiration of each respective term.
The Golden State Home and Orphanage had in the treas-
ury $209.00 with no Home in sight.
A total of 1084 members was reported, and there were
forty-six conversions during the year.
This Conference was held at Covina March 23rd.
1911 G. F. Chemberlen, Moderator; W. E. Trostle, Sec-
retary; D. W. Crist, Assistant; William Stutsman,
Reading Clerk. Twenty-seven delegates were present from
fourteen churches: Glendora, J. S. Brubaker, A. M. White;
Imperial Valley, Charles Gillett, W. F. Gillett; El Centra,
Emma Mitchell, W. M. Piatt; Pasadena, Mary Nill, L. D.
Bosserman ; Lordsburg, J. P. Dickey, W. F. England ; South
Los Angeles, W. H. Wertenbaker, Asa J. Trostle ; Long Beach,
B. F. Masterson, Urias Shick; Inglewood, W. Q. Calvert,
Oscar Mathias ; Covina, Peter Fessler, Harvey Snell ; Pomona,
S. E. Yundt, J. A. Brubaker ; Santa Ana, J. B. Bashor, G. M.
Rexroad ; East Los Angeles, D. W. Crist, G. G. Lehmer ;
Tropico, William Stutsman, S. S. Garst; Hemet, S. E. Yoder.
1. Title of Santa Ana Church House conveyed to Church
of the Brethren.
2. Mission Board of the District authorized to incor-
porate under California Laws.
District Mission Board reported on hand from last year
$225.12 and collected from local churches $1725.73. Mission-
98 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
ary Workers : Long Beach, Effie Metzger ; Pasadena, Mary
Nill ; Santee, S. A. Honberger ; Glendale, J. G. Rarick.
3. Representation on the Board of Child rens-Home
Society endorsed and J. H. Brubaker chosen.
4. By-laws for Golden State Home and Orphanage
adopted. At this date efforts are being made to unite with
Northern California in this good work.
5. Membership of District reported, 1158; number of
Sunday School pupils enrolled in twenty-four schools was
1941, and contributions $1990.75. Conversions were 52.
6. The bequest of $1000.00 formerly supposed to be
given to the Mission Board for Gospel teaching, was decided to
belong to the Lordsburg College, and the Judge of the Court
was asked to make an order to this effect.
7. The District Temperance Committee asked each local
church to organize and contribute means. Literature was dis-
9. Hemet Church sought privilege to canvass District
for means to erect a building of worship.
10. Covina asked the privilege to set apart ministers
that should devote all their time to "prayer and ministry of the
Word." Agreed to this, and Scriptures bearing upon their
support given: 1 Cor. 9:2-4; Matt. 10:10; Luke 10:7; Phil.
4:15-7; 1 Pet. 5 :2, and Acts 13 :2-4.
11. The fourth Thursday of October named to hold Dis-
Tropico asked that steps be taken to use as Sunday School
lessons known as the Holy Spirit method, or taking the book in
all its connections. It was referred to the General Sunday
School Committee of the Church of the Brethren.
On the death of Elder Joseph W. Trostle the following
resolution was adopted by the Ministerial Meeting:
"In the presence of the varied dispensations of the provi-
dences of our divine Father showing the benincence of His
grace, we would exalt His name in our submission to His will,
and whereas in the manifestations of His infinite wisdom He
has called from our midst our beloved colaborer, Elder Joseph
W. Trostle, to the more exalted services of the larger life, and
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 99
as a token of our appreciation of his services and faithful labors
while among us, be it resolved, that we record at this time of
his labors testimony of our appreciation of his wise council,
his devoted labors extended over two score years, and fully
attest his devotion to the Church of the Brethren. We now
commend his many Christian virtues, his saintly life and godly
example to our fellows, and would bestow it as a rich heritage
to a great posterity."
There were two District Meetings this year. This
1911 one was held in Pomona October 26th. George F.
Chemberlen presided, W. E. Trostle served as Sec-
retary, and George H. Bashor was Reader. Twenty-nine dele-
gates were present from fifteen churches.
The District Mission Board reported assistance being
rendered to Santee, Long Beach, South Los Angeles Mission
and Glendale, Arizona. The Mission at Channing Street was
turned over to the East Los Angeles Church.
The amount of money on hand from last year was $791.70,
and collected from the local churches $1018.65. Total re-
ported $1809.72. The expenditures for work were $599.00,
leaving a working balance of $1210.72. The time covered by
this statement was from March 23 to October 23, 1911.
The membership reported was 1244. Conversions reported,
The assembly agreed that any delegate that has been
approached on the election of District officers shall report the
same to the officers of the meeting.
It was decided that all officers and teachers of Sunday
Schools shall be installed by a suitable procedure.
The District granted the privilege to the Mission Board
to secure a Bible teacher to hold Bible classes in the District
as the demand may require.
The queries and matter for District Meetings to be pub-
lished prior to the Meeting for study.
A Christmas gift of $100.00 was ordered to our Mission-
ary in India, Sister Emmert.
At this meeting steps were taken to incorporate under the
laws of the State of California so that the District may hold
100 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
property in legal form. The following are the statutes govern-
ing the same :
STATUTES 1911, CHAPTER 738, PAGE 1435
Sec. 4. It is hereby declared that Section 603 of the Civil
Code as heretofore existing is repealed, and a new Section 603
is hereby added to the Civil Code to read as follows :
Sec. 603. Any religious association or body of this State,
composed of constituent churches, parishes, congregations,
societies or missions which have a common convention, synod,
council, assembly or conference, may incorporate under the
provisions of this title.
The articles of incorporation shall set forth the proceed-
ings authorizing the incorporation of such association, the time
and place at which they were had, the manner in which, and the
terms upon which the directors or trustees named in the articles
of incorporation were chosen, and that said proceedings were
in accordance with the constitution, by-laws, discipline, canons,
rules and regulations of such association.
The articles of incorporation need be subscribed and
acknowledged only by the presiding officer and clerk, scribe, or
secretary of such association ; but they must make affidavit,
which shall be appended to the articles, that they subscribed
and acknowledged the articles by authority of such association,
and that the statements therein contained are true to the best
of their knowledge, information and belief.
Member of the Standing Committee for 1912, Elder J. P.
This meeting was held in Glendora October 24th
1912 with George F. Chemberlen, Moderator; J. P.
Dickey, Secretary, and George H. Bashor, Reading
Clerk. Sixteen churches were represented by thirty-two dele-
The report of the District Mission Board showed that
evangelistic work was done in Santee, Redondo, South Los
Angeles Mission, Phoenix and Glendale, Arizona, at an ex-
pense of $1346.15. For the coming year $1200.00 was con-
tributed for mission work. From the local churches ninety-
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 101
three conversions are reported. From the sixteen churches
1433 members were reported. Twenty-two Sunday Schools
reported an enrollment of 2414 pupils.
No provision having been made to publish the District
History, the report of the Commttee was received and Com-
E. R. Yundt, George Chemberlen, E. T. Keiser, George
H. Bashor and I. B. Netzley were chosen by lot to serve as
District Trustees, to hold property. They reported the by-laws,
which were adopted.
Among the queries and petitions was one from the South
Los Angeles Church desiring that a Bible Department and Ex-
tension Course of study be placed in the Lordsburg College,
and it was agreed to. W. H. Wertenberger, J. Z. Gilbert and
E. T. Keiser constitute the committee to put the resolution into
The Golden State Home and Orphanage not having come
into form and operation yet, requests for its position of use-
fulness was made. The request referred to its trustees.
The Meeting united with Oregon, Washington and Idaho
in a call for the Annual Conference of 1914 or 1915 to be
held on the Pacific Coast. This resulted in the Conference
being held in Seattle in 1914.
The largest membership, 343, was reported from Lords-
burg this year. The largest number of conversions, 20, was
reported from the East Los Angeles Church.
Elder George H. Bashor represented the District on the
Standing Committee of the 1913 Conference.
This District Meeting was held in Santa Ana Oct.
1913 23. Geo. H. Bashor was Moderator, J. P. Dickey,
Secretary, J. W. Cline, Assistant, and D. W. Crist,
1. Plea to change name of college from Lordsburg to
Palmera, and so ordered.
2. Authority to conduct street services in Los Angeles.
3. Trustees chosen to hold the Riley Fund and other
trust funds of the District. Request to Annual Conference to
102 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
create an examining board to pass upon the fitness of all who
desire to follow Bible Teaching.
4. Lordsburg College granted right to create annuity
5. Educational Board granted right to appoint two mem-
bers for a joint committee from Northern District of Cali-
6. District Meeting officers empowered to fill Sunday
School Secretary vacancy.
7. Authority asked to create a Chinese Mission in Los
Angeles to fit mission workers for China.
This Conference was held in Lordsburg Oct. 22.
1914 Geo. H. Bashor was Moderator, W. H. Werten-
berger, Secretary, W. E. Trostle, Assistant,
D. W. Crist, Reading Clerk.
1. Request to create a position on the Educational Board
of the several Districts of the Pacific Coast. W. F. England
chosen to said position.
2. Urgency to erect the Golden State Home and Orphan-
age which has not materialized since its inception in 1907.
3. Only members of the Church of the Brethren to be
representatives at Christian Workers and Sunday School con-
4. W. H. Wertenbaker and H. J. Vaniman to have charge
of Rescue Mission.
This District Meeting was held in Pasadena Oct.
1915 28. Geo. F. Chemberlen, Moderator, W. E. Trostle,
Secretary, J. A. Brubaker, Assistant, E. S. Young,
1. Request from Pomona Church that the Trustees of
Lordsburg College be authorized to raise an endowment of
$100,000 for the College.
2. Churches to contribute $50.00 for the beginning of a
fund for superannuated ministers.
3. Santa Ana Church asks that the Elders of the District
more fully employ Gospel Measures to bring a greater respect
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 103
from the members in regard to the doctrine of nonconformity
4. Lordsburg asks that greater care be exercised in invit-
ing non-members into our pulpits.
5. Petition asking for a committee to confer with North-
ern California District with regard to an Old Folks' Home.
6. Tropico asked for a plan to hold a ten-day camp meet-
ing to unify all interests of the District more fully. Santee
Church asked for something similar. Referred to officers of
this District Meeting to produce a way.
7. Santee Church granted privilege to solicit other con-
gregations for money to erect a church house.
8. East Los Angeles asks that the next Annual Meeting
coming to the Pacific Coast be held in Los Angeles.
9. Mothers organization empowered. Sister William H.
Wertenbaker, Sister Harvey Vaniman first officers.
Geo. F. Chemberlen, Moderator, W. M. Piatt,
1916 Secretary, A. C. Root, Assistant, J. P. Dickey,
1. East Los Angeles asked for Annual Meeting of 1918.
2. Santa Ana District Meeting to pass a rule that no
District Officer can succeed himself in office. Referred to a
committee of three to report next year.
3. Long Beach asks that the Old Folks' Home be given
some consideration. Referred to Golden State Home and
4. Reports of various committees made and agreed to.
1. In 1913 the membership of the District was 1461, and
the amount contributed for Mission work was $6165.62.
2. In 1914 the membership tyas 1455, and the amount of
money for missionary work was $8718.68.
3. In 1915 the membership was 1581, and the amount
given for mission was $12,938.30.
4. In 1916 the membership was 1638 and the contribu-
tions amounted to $8045.36, of a total for four years of
5. The amount for District incidental expenses during the
four years was $5882.02.
104 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
6. The Educational contributions are $11,643.48.
7. Worldwide contributions for four years are $6464.55.
According to our records, the District of California and
Arizona up to May, 1907, and the District of Southern Cali-
fornia since that time have given to the worldwide endowment
about $45,000.00. In 1912 California ranked seventh as a state
in the amount of money given to the worldwide endowment.
At that time the Sunday School contributions amounted to
$11,973.00. Conference in Long Beach.
WHO HAS LED IN DISTRICT MEETINGS
WHEN AND WHERE
Christian Wine, Covina, 1889.
Peter Overholtzer, Los Angeles, 1890.
J. S. Flory, Cone jo (Ka-na-ho), 1891; Lordsburg, 1892;
P. S. Myers, Tropico, 1894, and Lordsburg, 1899.
J. S. Mohler, Lordsburg, 1895 ; Los Angeles, 1897.
W. J. Thomas, Lordsburg, 1896.
J. W. Trostle, Lordsburg, 1898, and Lordsburg, 1900.
S. E. Yundt, Los Angeles, 1901; Inglewood, 1904; Oak
Grove, 1907; Long Beach, 1910.
George F. Chemberlen, Covina,. 1902; Inlgewood, 1904;
Glendora, 1905 ; Lordsburg, 1906 ; Covina, 191 1 ;
Pomona, 1911; Glendora, 1912; Special Glendora,
1912; Pasadena, 1915; Long Beach, 1916.
S. G. Lehmer, Colton, 1903.
W. F. England, Inglewood, 1908.
George H. Bashor, Santa Ana, 1913, and Lordsburg, 1914.
Edmond Forney, South Los Angeles, 1909, and two special
meetings at the same place in same year.
Jacob Whitmore, Covina, 1889.
J". S. Flory, Los Angeles, 1890.
T. J. Nair, Conejo, 1891 ; Lordsburg, 1892.
E. A. Miller, Covina, 1893; Tropico, 1894; Lordsburg,
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 105
1895; Glendora, 1896; Los Angeles, 1897; Lords-
B. F. Masterson, Covina, 1899.
Christian Wine, Lordsburg, 1900.
W. I. T. Hoover, Los Angeles, 1901.
S. G. Lehmer, Covina, 1902; South Los Angeles, 1909;
W. C. Hanawalt, Colton, 1903; Inglewood, 1904; Oak
W. E. Trostle, Glendora, 1905.
G. G. Lehmer, Lordsburg, 1906.
J. A. Brubaker, Inglewood, 1908.
W. H. Wertenbaker, Long Beach, 1910.
William Stutsman, Covina, 1911.
George H. Bashor, Glendora, 1912.
E. S. Young, Pasadena, 1915.
D. W. Crist, Santa Ana, 1913; Lordsburg, 1914.
J. P. Dickey, Long Beach, 1916.
D. A. Norcross, Covina, 1889.
Aaron Wolf, Los Angeles, 1890.
M. M. Eshelman, Conejo, 1891; Los Angeles, 1897;
Lordsburg, 1898; Oak Grove, 1907; Inglewood, 1908;
South Los Angeles, 1909, and two special meetings
at the same place in 1909.
B. F. Masterson, Lordsburg, 1892; Covina, 1893, and
S. G. Lehmer, Tropico, 1894.
Darius Overholtzer, Glendora, 1896.
E. T. Keiser, Glendora, 1903.
W. M. Piatt, Covina, 1904; Long Beach, 1916.
W. C. Hanawalt, Glendora, 1905.
W. F. England, Long Beach, 1910.
W. E. Trostle, Covina, 1911; Glendora, 1912; Pasadena,
J. P. Dickey, Santa Ana, 1913.
W. M. Wertenbaker, Lordsburg, 1914.
106 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
■ Justus Cline, 1900.
W. M. Piatt, 1901.
Jesse Overholtzer, 1903-4.
S. G. Lehmer, 1905.
W. E. Trostle, 1906-7-8, 1912, 1914.
J. W. Cline, 1909 and 1913.
J. A. Brubaker, 1910, 1915.
D. W. Crist, 1911.
A. C. Root, 1916.
Representatives at Annual Meeting:
1889. J. S. Flory, Harrisonburg, Va.
1890. J. S. Flory, Pertle Springs, Mo.
1891. J". S. Mohler, Hagerstown, Md.
1892. I. M. Gibbel, Cedar Rapids, la.
1893. J. S. Flory, Muncie, Ind.
1894. John Metzger, Myersdale, Pa.
1895. P. S. Myers, Decatur, Ills.
1896. John W. Metzger, Ottawa, Kas.
1897. J. W. Trostle, Frederic, Md.
1898. Andrew Hutchinson, Naperville, Ills.
1899. J. S. Flory, Roanoke, Va.
1900. P. S. Myers, North Manchester, Ind.
1901. Stephen Yoder, Lincoln, Neb.
1902. By Letter at Harrisburg, Pa.
1903. Edmond Forney, Bellefontaine, Ohio.
1904. S. E. Yundt, Carthage, Mo.
1905. George F. Chemberlen, Bristol, Tenn.
1906. J. W. Trostle, Springfield, Ills.
1907. Edmond Forney, Los Angeles, Cal.
1908. D. A. Norcross, Des Moines, la.
1909. J. A. Mller, Harrisonburg, Va.
1910. J. P. Dickey, Winona Lake, Ind.
1911. W. Q. Cilvert, St. Joseph, Mo.
1912. J. P. Dickey, York, Pa.
1913. George H. Bashor, Winona Lake.
1914. S. E. Yundt, Seattle, Wash.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 107
1915. George H. Bashor, Hershey, Pa.
1916. W. F. England, Winona Lake, Ind.
1917. George F. Chemberlen, Wichita, Kas.
Of these the following named are at this time (January
1st, 1917) "absent from the body and present with the Lord:"
J. S. Flory, J. S. Mohler, John W. Metzger, P. S. Myers, J. W.
Trostle, Stephen Yoder.
In 1907 at the District Meeting in Oak Grove, Fresno
County, California, the Butte Valley Church, the Reedley
Church, the Sacramento Valley Church and Fruitvale Church
were organized into what is now known as the Northern Cali-
In 1912 Elder D. L. Forney prepared a good sketch of
these local churches with the desire of having it published in
this work. We regret that for want of space the matter can-
not. be inserted here.
108 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
HISTORY OF THE LORDSBURG COLLEGE
In the month of December, 1889, George L. McDonaugh,
then Traveling Passenger Agent of the Southern California
Railroad, in company with Judge A. P. Maginnis, took M. M.
Eshelman, T. J. Nair and others to see the Lordsburg Hotel,
built during the boom times at a cost of $75,000.00.
After viewing the building, Mr. Maginnis requested the
party to make an offer with the view of turning the property
into a business college. M. M. Eshelman prepared an option
with the hope that it would be rejected, not desiring to engage
in the college business. The option included the building and
block upon which it stood, and one hundred town lots, many
in fruit bearing trees, together with a bonus of $1200.00 to
outfit the building for school purposes — all for $15,000, pay-
able in three years without interest. To the surprise of all, the
three sets of trustees, who owned the property, accepted the
In 1890 S. A. Overholter, David Kuns, Daniel Houser and
Henry Kuns, who, while not having a scholastic training, were
greatly interested in having a school in perfect accord with the
principles and usages of the Church of the Brethren. They
gave freely of their money and time for ten years to bring the
institution to a high standard of usefulness. Dr. T. J. Nair
was the fifth Trustee.
The institution, under the title, "The Lordsburg College,"
was opened in the autumn of 1891, with Dr. S. S. Garst as
President, F. U. Nofziger as teacher of the Commercial De-
partment, Miss Sue Wengert as instructor in Music, Prof.
Solomon Hendricks teacher of Mathematics and Miss Mary
Robinson as instructor in Greek; M. M. Eshelman was
responsible for the Primary Department and Emma Yoder as
teacher in actual charge. One hundred and thirty-five pupils
were enrolled the first year. The second year found almost
an entire new family, with E. A. Miller, as President, in charge.
The three-story structure has a south front of 185 feet,
an east wing of 109 feet and a west wing of 189 feet. It is not
ill-adapted for school purposes in its incipient stage, in a new
and growing community.
Founders and First Trustees of Lordsburg College.
Samuel A. Overholtzer. Daniel Houser.
. m-m.m •»
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 109
The location is perhaps unexcelled for beauty. With the
high Sierra Madre mountains close by on the north and the
San Jose hills on the south and open views to the east and west,
landscapes dotted and fringed with flowers, deciduous and
citrus orchards and ornamental trees, the charm of the aesthete
and the less artistic, what could be better adapted to bring high
ideals to mortals who love God's creations ?
There were then less than one dozen houses in the village,
but it has grown to an incorporated city of the sixth class,
with electric lights, gas, and fine water in abundance under
pressure. Cement curbs and sidewalks, beautiful drives and
boulevards, modern residences, fringed with palms, vines, roses
and a great variety of semi-tropical vegetation make the place
delightful all the year. Orange and lemon groves and highly
ornamental homes entertain the eyes while one is passing over
Lordsburg has no saloons, no places of evil resort, no pool
rooms. Thousands of persons come to Southern California
each year to enjoy its fine climatic conditions. Within the past
few years quite a number of families have taken residence in
Lordsburg to be near the College for the education of their
children. Others have come for cultural, social and religious
privileges usually found in a town with high aims.
The place is reached by three transcontinental railways.
The Santa Fe system between Chicago and Los Angeles, the
through trains of which stop to let passengers off at Lords-
burg, as well as local trains. The Southern Pacific Railway
between Los Angeles, San Francisco, Portland and Seattle, has
a depot within five minutes walk of the college. The Salt
Lake between Salt Lake City and Los Angeles, passes through
Pomona, a most wonderful means of seeing the country, roads
so smooth that one feels he is riding over a floor. Students
come and go to school on their bicycles and motorcycles and
automobiles with pleasure.
On March 26, 1908, the property, with its building, equip-
ment and eighteen acres of land, was donated to, and accepted
by, the Church of the Brethren of Southern California and
Arizona. In conformity to this plan the ownership and con-
trol, the charter was accordingly amended.
1 1 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
October the first, 1914, the Northern District of California
voted to join in the ownership and management of the College
on condition that the reverting clause to the deed to the
property be removed, so that a clear title may be secured by
the Church of the Brethren. Accordingly, on December 13,
1916, a deed in escrow was secured and is to be delivered to
the Church of the Brethren on condition that a building to
cost not less than $20,000.00 shall be erected.
Since the institution has been in the hands of the Church
efforts have been made to bring the course of study in accord
with the State requirements. The intense interest in education
on the Pacific Coast has caused educational institutions to
spring up all over the state, and the high schools abound in all
communities. With these competitors offering splendid
courses and the membership of the Church of the Brethren
being very small as compared with other denominations, the
attendance has been limited. The obstacles have been ever
present. At no time has there been an overwhelming en-
thusiasm on the part of all the church members. One of the
hindrances was an insufficient sum of money to meet all
requirements that other schools offered. It had to meet diffi-
culties as all others have to — through much perseverance.
There have been several distinct periods in the history of
the College. The first period covered the first ten years, there
being a provision in the original contract of sale to the effect
that a school must be maintained for ten years in order to get
a clear title to the property. At the expiration of the ten years
the trustees refused to put any more money, or at least very
little, into the college, but insisted on leasing the property to
some person or persons who would assume all responsibilities
for the operation of the college. Owing to this attitude there
was no school during 1901 to 1902. — "J
The second period was from 1902 to 1907, during which /
time the school property was leased for school purposes. This /
plan had its defects also, since a college is not a commercial!
but a charitable institution.
The third period was from 1907 to 1908, during which time
the college was operated by the Trustees of the Lordsburg
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 1 1 1
College Association. It was the transition period from private
to church ownership.
The fourth period began in 1908. Since that time the
college has been conducted by Trustees chosen by the Con-
ference of Southern California and Arizona.
Since the beginning until 1912 the work was almost wholly
that of an Academy, though there were some classes during
most of this time that were only of grammar grade, such classes
as grammar, arithmetic, geography and orthography. Occa-
sionally during the latter half of this period there were one or
two classes of college grade.
From the beginning until the summer of 1914 a commer-
cial department was maintained. It was discontinued because
the high schools all maintain such departments, besides many
young people desiring such instruction prefer such courses in
the larger commercial colleges in the cities.
Likewise were given elementary courses in vocal and piano
Another feature of the curriculum was Bible study. But
owing to the fact that all work of the school was below college
grade, the Bible Department never developed beyond the same
standard. But now since the Bible Study of an Academy grade
receives credit among the fifteen units required for entrance to
the Freshman Class in college, a large per cent of the Academy
students elect one or more units of Bible Study. This is very
encouraging to the friends of the college, who are desirous that
some Bible study be taken by every Academy student, which
alone makes a marked distinction between the private Academy
and the public high school.
In 1911 the Academy was placed in the accredited list of
the secondary schools in California. This gave encouragement
to the school authorities and a noticeable increase in the at-
tendance was manifest.
In 1912 a College Course was outlined, the faculty in-
creased and strengthened, and the increased enrollment con-
tinued. Had not the freeze which the whole of Southern Cali-
fornia experienced, in January, 1913, occurred, it is quite prob-
able that the increases in enrollment would have continued,
112 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
instead of declining; the endowment of the College would
doubtless have been increased, the equipment would have been
enlarged and a new building be in use before the time of this
writing, December, 1916. "Hard times" affected all kinds of
charitable institutions throughout the state. "
The school laws of California are in many respects much
more rigid than in many of the other states, which also makes
it more difficult to develop a first-class college in California.
Since the fall of 1912 the College has been offering each
year a number of courses in all of the main departments of
College work, viz., English, Mathematics, History, Language,
Philosophy and Social, Physical and Biological Sciences. Most
of the courses in these departments alternate year by year, thus
conserving teaching force and expense and making fewer small
During the past four years of definitely outlined College
work the Institution lost many of its best College students
because it was still unable to give them the work that they
demanded, but the encouraging feature of the situation is that
other colleges of the highest standards have given these
students full credit for their work done in Lordsburg College.
From the beginning the College endeavored to secure as
a faculty men and women not only of high intellectual attain-
ments, but of moral and Christian character as well.
Perhaps for the first two-thirds of its history, the most of
the teachers were not College graduates, and held no degrees.
This was, of course, unfortunate, for it implies an erroneous
pedagogical principle, namely that one does not need to be a
College graduate in order successfully to teach elementary and
secondary subjects. There are, though, numerous exceptions,
and in some of its teachers Lordsburg College was fortunate
to have excellent teachers who were not College graduates. -
But with all of these exceptions and well intentioned efforts,
the laws of California do not take much account. Hence the
growth of the Institution has not been commensurate with the
well meant efforts and heroic sacrifices made in its behalf.
The future of the College is of supreme interest to the
Church. Great changes in all departments of life have taken
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 1 1 3
place in California within the last twenty years. The present
Board of Trustees are keenly aware of these changes and are
seeking the best means to meet them so far as the College and
higher educational advantages are concerned. The friends and
the patrons of the College, too, are more cognizant of the de-
mands of the present time for thoroughly educated and trained
young men and women for successfully coping with life's
But best of all, the institution is most fortunate in having
for its present President a man of many years of experience
as a College professor and administrator. He is Elder S. J.
Miller, A. M., L. H. D. He is ably seconded by W. I. T.
Hoover, M. A., Ph. D., Dean of the College, who in 1912 out-
lined the first College Course and issued the first College
At the time of the election of S. J. Miller to the Presi-
dency, Feb., 1915, by the Joint Board of the Northern and
the Southern Districts, there was a great deal of enthusiasm
in a larger Lordsburg College ; however there were no steps
taken to carry into effect the release of the Reverting Clause.'
Not until the time of the Board Meeting in February, 1916,
were definate steps taken to accomplish this. It was agreed that
each District should solicit its share of the $2,000.00 to pur-
chase the interest of Henry L. Kuns. When this was accomp-
lished and the quit claim deed with the contract providing for
the erection of a building to cost not less than $20,000.00,
\ before Feb. 1, 1920, were placed in escrow, the way was open
for planning larger things for the school.
The College building, an imposing structure, built in the
boom days of California, 1888, was erected for a hotel build-
ing. It has housed the College ever since the opening of the
school and has at various times been repaired.
It has, however, outlived the generation to which it stands
as a monument for their interest in the cause of education in
the Church of the Brethren. The spirit of California demands
modern equipments as well as modern buildings. •* —
The building is not adapted to the use to which it has been
1 1 4 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
put. The recitation rooms are not well arranged and the
Dormitory arrangements are not satisfactory.
Students, teachers and Boards of Directors have felt for
a long time the need of modern, up-to-date structures, but the
large amount of money necessary to build has always been in
t ,the way of the College men. The Districts have not felt able
to do the things necessary to place the school on a solid founda-
The feeling had grown strong in the minds of the students
and the faculty that unless steps are taken to build, the college
must close its doors. Everybody felt it an unsafe proposition
to equip the building with the necessary equipments to keep
the school in the front rank of colleges, since the building is
.a wooden structure, and likely at some time to burn to the
ground. The need was imperative and something must be
done to continue the College, for the Church of the Brethren
feel the need of a school on the coast.
At the meeting of the Joint Boards, Feb. 5, 1917, Presi-
dent Miller presented the problems of the college to the
Board and made a plea for a new Administration Building.
After a very brief discussion a resolution was passed by
the Board to institute a campaign for not less than $60,000.00
for a building, and the Executive Committee with the Presi-
dent was instructed to investigate the Ward Systems Co., who
have had large experience in soliciting money for charitable
purposes, and if they found them reliable, to employ them.
This was done and a contract was made with them to con-
duct an eight weeks' campaign, to begin March 12, 1917. At
the beginning of the second week, the first donation of $10,000,
the gift of Brother and Sister Isaiah Brenneman was given.
This was followed by Elder and Sister W. E. Trostle,
with another $10,000 gift, and immediately Brethren J. H. Bru-
baker and David Blickenstaff gave a gift of $5,000 each.
At the close of the fourth week $53,576.00 was pledged,
thus nearly reaching the first call of $60,000.00.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 1 1 5
As this history goes to press the friends of the College
feel assured of the success of the plan to build an Administra-
tion building to cost about $70,000, and a Ladies' Dormitory
to cost about $30,000.00.
s Both these buildings are to be built out of reinforced con-
crete, as nearly fire-proof as possible.
The magnificent response of the people to this appeal is
an excellent tribute to their faith in larger things for the
The following is a list of the Presidents of the College :
Dr. S. S. Garst, 1891-1893.
E. A. Miller, A. M., 1893-1899.
I. N. H. Beahm, 1899.
W. I. T. Hoover, M. A., 1899-1901.
W. C. Hanawalt, 1902-1908.
W. F. England, 1908-1912.
J. P. Dickey, B. S. L., 1912-1913.
Edward Frantz, A. M., 1913-1915.
S. J. Miller, A. M., L. H. D., 1915.
The following are the present Board of Trustees from
Southern California and Arizona :
John S. Kuns, President.
W. F. England, Vice-President.
W. E. Trostle, Secretary.
J. H. Brubaker, Treasurer and Business Manager.
S. W. Funk.
L. C. Klinzman.
I. B. Netzley.
Graduates for 1915:
College — I. V. Funderburg, LeRoy Hoover.
Academy — Catherine Bombarger, Ethel Brubaker, Ruth
Blickenstaff, Guy Conrad, Cecil Cox, Benjamin Fisher, Wilma
Klinzman, Russel Lichtenwalter, Alberta Neher, Maude Neher,
Homer Norcross, John Rhodes, Emerson W. Root.
I 1 6 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Expression — Ruth Barnhizer, Gladys Fesler, Esther Funk,
Bertha Fike, Harper Frantz, Chressie Neff, Alberta Neher,
Graduates for 1916:
College — Vesta Sanger, Mrs. C. H. Yoder.
Academy — Ruth Barnhizer, Raymond Brumbaugh, Isabel
Eby, Gladys Fesler, Esther Funk, Mabel Funk, Ina Marshburn,
Chressie Neff, John Stover, Mary Taylor, Dee L. Whisler,
Music — Alice Sickle.
Expression — Wilma Klinzman, Mary Lichtenwalter, Dove
Joseph H. Brubaker,
Business Manager Lordsburg College.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 1 1 7
Before the opening of the Lordsburg College in
Beautifying 1891, Henry Kuns, father of J. S. Kuns, and the
writer collected from the nurseries at Pomona
and Claremont a fine lot of shrubs and trees and planted them
on the east side campus. In the center was set a fine sequoia
gigantia or redwood, with the hope that if God set the time
forward one thousand years the inhabitants then would see
a mammoth tree,' but some foreign thing came into it and
On the west side of the building, in a little space right up
against the structure, Elder John Metzger and his wife,
Parmelia, planted nice flowers and with some plants differing
the others they set out the words, "OUR COLLEGE." They
thus signified that they had part in the institution. That
bed of flowers grew for sometime as a memorial of Elder
John Metzger's attitude toward the School.
The beautiful fountain in front of the college which has
been permitted to go into unsightly decay, was often the scene
of gracious induction into the Christ by immersion. One night,
amid lanterns and the moon, a great crowd gathered to witness
Elder John Metzger baptize Brother George McDonaugh.
Was organized in the Lordsburg College build-
The First ing in the year 1891. George L. McDonaugh
Chinese Sun- and his family took a leading part in the teach-
day School ing. There were about a half dozen pupils.
A room in the basement was devoted to that
purpose. Since then others have taken increased interest in
that people, notably the Berean Bible School, 3231 North
Broadway, Los Angeles. Out of the splendid enrollment under
the care of Clarence Lehmer quite a number have been con-
verted and united with the Church of the Brethren. At Glen-
dora, Covina and Lordsburg the effort to win Japanese to
Christ has been very satisfactory. God has people in all nations
and the disciples have abilities to give them the knowledge of
a living Christ.
118 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
The chief values of spiritual conferences and the mutual
interchange of mental equivalents came early in the history
of the preachers of this district. An excellent interchange of
gracious thought was held in East Los Angeles Church March
The principal topics were:
"Why have we Ministers ?"
"How to Present the Word of God so as to win those who
practice only a part of the Truth."
"Duties of the Minister."
"Duties of the church to the Ministry."
Those discussing these questions were S. W. Funk, W. J.
Thomas, B. F. Masterson, J. J. Kindig, Aaron Julius, P. S.
Meyers, G. W. Hoxie, George F. Chemberlen, D. A. Norcross,
J. S. Flory, P. A. Moore, J. W. Trostle, S. G. Lehmer, Isaac
Gibbel and N. J. Brubaker.
In 1903 the Ministerial Meeting was held in Colton
Church. S. G. Lehmer, Moderator, and Jesse Overholtzer,
Secretary. The spirit of the meeting was excellent.
In 1904 the Ministerial Meeting convened in Inglewood
March 23rd, G. F. Chemberlen presiding, and the topics were :
"The Trumpet Blast."
"What a Preacher Ought to Know."
There is no record of the 1905, 1906 and 1907 Ministerial
In 1908 the Ministerial Meeting was held in Inglewood
Church, March 25th.
D. A. Norcross delivered an address on "The Sacredness
of the Ministry."
S. W. Funk— "The Future Minister: How to Get Him."
H. A. Whisler — "How to Prepare Him, How to Use
B. F. Masterson — "The Paid Ministry."
W. H. Wertenbaker— "The Pastor's Duties."
W. F. England — Address to Ministers.
Memorial resolutions upon the death of P. S. Myers and
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 119
A. W. Vaniman were passed and sympathies extended to their
In 1900 Ministerial Meeting was held in the Covina
Church. Memorial resolutions upon the death of Elder Joseph
W. Trostle were passed.
In 1912 Ministerial Meeting was held in Glendora, Oc-
tober 22nd. Topics :
"The Church as a World Force," W. I. T. Hoover.
"Her Opportunities," William Wertenbaker.
"Her Responsibilities," J. W. Cline.
"What Is a Faithful and Spiritual Ministry?" by W. M.
"How to Obtain It ?" by W. E. Trostle.
"How to Perpetuate It?" by N. J. Brubaker.
"The Ideal Ministry," by P. H. Fitzwater.
Elder J. P. Dickey discussed "What Disposition can we
make of the surplus Ministry in a Church Employing a
G. F. Chemberlen spoke on "Waiting on God."
W. I. T. Hoover, "The Abiding Inspiration."
W. F. England, "The Secret of Sanctity."
In 1916 the big meeting of the history was held in Long
Beach Church during the clays of August 27 to September 3,
It included Sunday School efforts, Christian Workers reports,
Ministerial teachings, preaching and lecturing. The parties
participating in the exercises were J. P. Dickey, A. C. Root,
W. I. T. Hoover, Mrs. Rose Calvert, Annie Browning, Sister
S. W. Funk, Daisy Evans, Sister W. M. Piatt, Sister L. A.
Blickenstaff, Marjorie Heller, Flora E. Teague, Dorothy Hos-
felt, G. W. Kieffaber, G. F. Chemberlen, Silas Lehmer, Ray
Olwin, Bab S. Stoner, S. J. Miller, J. Z. Gilbert, L. D. Bosser-
man, W. F. England, J. W. Cline, George D. Knights, Alice
Vaniman, Hattie Y. Gilbert, H. R. Taylor, Clarence H. Yoder,
N. J. Brubaker, Nettie Brubaker, Edna Neher.
The topics discussed were: "The Up-to-Date Sunday
School," "The Standard of Efficiency," "The Teen Age," "How
120 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
May the Aid Society Best Direct Her Efforts for Soul Win-
ning," "Some of the Danger Signals in Our Aid Society,"
"What Relation Does the Aid Society Sustain to the Church?"
"Does Anyone- Care for Father?" "The Value of Mothers'
and Daughters' Meetings," "But What of the Wandering Girl,"
"What Disposition Can We Make of the Surplus Ministry in
a Church Employing a Pastor?" "Waiting on God," "An Abid-
ing Inspiration," "How Can Our Christian Workers Societies
Become Active Forces in Christian Extension?" "A Well
Organized Christian Workers Society," "The Christian Work-
ers as a Working Band," "The Obligation of the Church in the
Education of Our Young People," "The Outlook for Educa-
tion on the Pacific Coast," "The Relation of Education to the
Progress of the Church," "A Larger Lordsburg College," "The
Secret of Sanctity," "How to Study the Bible," "The Relation
of the Pastor to the Church and the Church to the Pastor,"
"Linking the Home to the Sunday School," "The Teacher's
.Goal," "Bible Study," "California Dry," "The Gist of the
In 1916 there were forty-one Elders in the District, twen-
ty-one in the second degree of the ministry and three in the
first degree, or sixty-five ministers. Ministerially, Los Angeles
County is third in the United States, Lancaster County, Pa.,
being second with 67; Rockingham County, Va., with 75.
There were ninety-one Deacons and 1637 members. In
these reports Phoenix is not included for lack of information.
SUNDAY SCHOOL DEVELOPMENTS
As members came from the eastern fields of Sunday
School work the members early manifested the desire to culti-
vate this line of instruction. There were no concerted congre-
gational efforts until at Lordsburg, December 29, 1906, when
in connection with the Bible Institute a general meeting was
held, J. W. Cline presiding.
Covina, Colifornia, had the first Sunday School, then
came the Conejo and Tropico, and these were followed by one
in Lordsburg in 1891. The Lordsburg Sunday School Con-
vention (December 29, 1906) discussed:
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 121
"The Sunday School and the Church," E. R. Yundt.
"The Proper Use of Sunday School Money," Ida Fessler.
"Decision Day," Susie Forney.
"How Better Prepare Our Teachers." Laura E. Haugh.
The second convention was held in Lordsburg, December
17, 1907, J. W. Cline in the Chair. In this convention every
Sunday School but one in the District was represented.
E. T. Keiser spoke on "The High Purpose of the School."
W. F. England, "The Bible Our Text Book."
E. R. Yundt, "The Child : Its Problems and Possibilities."
The Sunday School Convention of 1908 was held at
Covina, September 25th.
"What Benefit Has the Church Derived from the Sunday
School," W. E. Trostle.
"My Plan of Teaching Next Sunday's Lesson in the
Primary Class," Sarah Wertenbaker.
"The Junior Class," Margaret Brandt.
"Our Young People," Flora Teague.
"Supplemental Work," Susie Forney.
"Organized Work," W. F. England.
From 1890 to 1900 contributions were freely made by
Sunday Schools for good works. If the various Sunday
Schools were not aggregated into one body, they still did
efficient work. There was less talk and probably more real
work. Jesse Overholtzer was the first District Secretary in
1900. In 1901 he reported nine Sunday Schools with an enroll-
ment of 633 ; 44 teachers and collections amounting to $263.71.
Seventy-five per cent of the members were attending Sunday
In 1901 there were eleven schools, 745 pupils, 53 teachers
and $334.01 contributed.
In 1902 W. M. Piatt reported 857 pupils, 65 teachers and
$515.22 contributed. This was a gain of 16 per cent in mem-
bership and 40 per cent in contributions.
In 1903 the enrollment was 1129, a gain of about 40 per
cent in enrollment, and donations to the amount of $485.00.
In 1904 the enrollment was 1126, a slight gain. Money
received $919.58, a gain of nearly 90 per cent. Eighty-two
teachers did excellent service. The missionary sentiment
122 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
throughout the District was greatly increased. The Sunday
Schools were supporting Gertrude Rowland in India.
In 1905 J. W. Cline being Secretary reported thirteen
schools in active operation all the year. The enrollment was
1016, an increase of 160; 79 teachers and contributions amount-
ing to $1253.89 ,a gain of about 30 per cent.
The meeting of 1907 was held in Oak Grove Church.
Eighteen schools were represented, a gain of five over the
previous year. Pupils enrolled, 1529; teachers, 101 ; collections,
$1379.71 ; of this amount $759.58 were given to missions.
In 1908 Convention showed an enrollment of 1485 in six-
teen schools, 103 teachers and contributions of $1659.00.
The Convention of 1909 showed an enrollment of 1645
pupils, including the Home Department and Cradle Roll ; the
offerings were $1568.93.
In 1910 the report of J. W. Cline shows a total enrollment
in all departments of 1910 pupils, offerings $1903.20; $694.98
appropriated for missionary work.
The meeting of 1911 was held in Covina, March 23rd,
Harvey Snell being Chairman. Twenty-two schools were re-
ported and enrollment of 1941 ; contributions $1990.59, $841.45
of which was given to missions. From March 23, 1905, to
March 23, 1911, J. W. Cline was the active Sunday School
Secretary. The enrollment grew from 1176 to 1941, or about
65 per cent; the contributions were from $919.00 to $1900.00, a
gain of $981.
The number of conversions reported since the formation
of the District is large. Through Sunday School endeavor in
1913 George H. liashor became District Secretary. Enroll-
ment 21 schools reporting 2583 pupils, teachers 150 and con-
In 1914 nineteen schools represented total enrollment of
2194, teachers 155, collections $2944.44.
In 1915, nineteen schools, total enrollment 2357, teachers
155, collections $2523.30.
In 1916 twenty schools reported a total enrollment of 2357,
teachers 155, collections $3331.93.
Under brother Bashor's care the efficiency of the Sunday
Schools have made progress in students.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 123
The collections for 1916 over those of 1913 have increased
over 21 per cent.
CHRISTIANS WORKERS' MEETING
The Christian Workers' Convention of Southern Califor-
nia and Arizona convened at Long Beach, Cal., August 29,
1916, with Elder G. H. Bashor as Moderator of the meeting.
The meeting opened at 1 :45 p. m., with song service led
by Prof. B. S. Haugh. Sister Martha Shick, out-going mis-
sionary to South China, read I. Cor. 12 for devotional exercises.
Twenty-four delegates were present.
The Program Committee for 1917: Sister Edna Neher
and Harvey Snell.
The following program was rendered :
1 :45 p. m. — Music and Devotion.
2:00 p. m. — "How can our Christian Workers' Societies
Become Active Forces in Christian Extension ?" Silas Lehmer.
2 :40 p. m. — Reading, Bab S. Stoner.
3 :00 p. m. — "The Christian Workers as a Mission Band :"
(a) "The Home," Mrs. Rose Calvert.
(b) "Abroad," Miss Edna Neher.
At the close the audience sang "Faith's Prayer," in honor
of Sister Shick, whose heartfelt desires are expressed in the
Sister Shick gave us a few parting words, after which an
offering of $65.00 was raised for her as a gift of encourage-
SISTERS AID SOCIETY
Considerable local work was done in the various churches
and no district organization was effected until August 24th
and 25th, 1910, Sister W. H. Wertenbaker taking a prominent
part in that year. Sister Wm. H. Keim of Los Angeles became
President, Sister W. H. Near, Vice-President and Sister Flora
E. Teague Secretary. The constitution of the Annual Con-
ference Aid Society was adopted.
124 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
On December 26, 1911, Sisters Aid Society was held at
Covina. The officers of the previous year were re-elected.
Sister J. Z. Gilbert delivered an address, which gave the work
a strong impetus. At this meeting Sister Jennie Brubaker,
Sister J. Z. Gilbert and Sister Mary Nill Whistler constituted
a committee to investigate the opportunity to start a rescue
mission in Los Angeles. Each local society was asked to con-
tribute $5.00 for the widows home in India.
At the convention in Pasadena August 23, 1912, Flora
E. Teague was elected President, Sister J. D. Buckwalter Vice-
President and Sister Alice Vaniman Secretary and Treasurer.
Sister J. Z. Gilbert reported encouragingly as to the rescue
mission in Los Angeles.
One of the first meetings held in the local church was at
the home of Sister Magdalena Myers in Los Angeles, March
14, 1895, twelve members being present. The second meeting
twenty-three were present. Lily Evans was elected President,
Amanda Myer Secretary and Lydia Lehmer Treasurer.
During the year 1895 seventeen meetings were held, $5.75
donated to the Children's Home Society, $13.34 given to the
poor. A great many garments were made and given away.
The first meeting of the year 1896 was held January 2nd.
Services were opened by prayer and reading of Scripture.
Addresses were delivered by P. S. Meyers and J. S. Flory, and
short talks by Ella Buckwalter and M. M. Eshelman. A great
many garments were made for the poor. Six children were
secured for the Sunday School. Clothing, Bibles, shoes and
other goods were contributed. A great deal of interesting
matter has to be left out here for the lack of space. However,
some of the most active members were Elizabeth Gnagey of
Pasadena, Salome A. Watkins Eshelman, Delia Lehmer, Mag-
delena Myers and Sister J. S. Kuns.
This society was organized May 24, 1906, at the
Pasadena. home of Sister Ivy Smith. The character of the
work was helping the poor both at home and
abroad. The members purchased good material and worked
them into good wearing apparel and bed clothing.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 125
This society was organized April 8, 1896, at the
Lordsburg. home of Sister Jane C. Williams. Officers:
Sister George McDonough, President; Sister
Jane C. Williams, Vice-President; Sister Jennie Stoner, Sec-
retary, and Sister Margaret Horning, Treasurer. A buying
committee and cutting committing were appointed. Twenty-
four members were enrolled. Members of the society went
into homes and sewed for the families. Both money and
clothing were given to the poor.
The average attendance the first year was about twelve.
The second year the attendance was greatly increased. On
September 14, 1897, a constitution was adopted and a store
room for the meeting was secured.
On February 29, 1900 the Sisters were given a com-
fortable room in the College building.
On October 30, 1907, a new constitution and by-laws were
adopted. All day weekly meetings were held. During the
spring of 1912 the members pledged $100.00 for five years
toward the support of the Lordsburg College. On October 1st
of that year $100.00 was turned over to missions and to the
In 1912 the enrollment was thirty-seven. At this time
Sister Minnie G. Eby was President, Sister Ida Fesler Vice-
President, Sister Jennie Kinsey Secretary and Treasurer, and
Lizzie Martin General Superintendent. The various depart-
ments were presided over by the following:
Cutting quilt blocks, Lizzie Forney; piecing and tieing
comforts, Susan Collins and Sister Wyatt ; small white aprons,
Ida Fesler; prayer coverings, Annie Hesp; wall pockets,
Sister Daily ; kitchen aprons, Sister Lichtenwalter ; bonnets,
Sister Barnhizer; clothespin aprons, Lydia Minnich; scissors
chains, Sister Harshberger ; quilting, Francis Miller, and stock-
ing bags, Jennie Kinsey.
126 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
He was born in Blair County, Pa., December
Elder John 27, 1807. His father was Jacob Metzger. His
Metzger. grandfather was a native of Holland. From
Blair county his parents moved to Montgom-
ery County, Ohio. July 31st, 1828, he married Hannah Ulery.
Soon after this union they joined the church of the Brethren.
In 1838 they settled in Tippecanoe County, Indiana. In 1835
he was chosen to the ministry and soon became a leading min-
ister. His life was filled with love and devotion for the cause.
He became a pioneer minister in Illinois, and settled in Cerro
Gordo. His ministry extended over Indiana, Illinois and Cal-
ifornia. He was first a member of the Standing Committee
of Annual Conference in 1855 and served in that capacity
sixteen times. He had the oversight of many churches and
was noted for his love and peace in his rulings. He constructed
in his ways. He built a church house in Cerro Gordo, Ills.,
and made a gift of it to the church. One provision was that
a Sunday School must be held therein to teach the Word of
God. His last service on the Standing Committee was in 1894
from Southern California at Myersdale, Pa. It rounded out
a service of forty years, which iridicates grace with revival or
completed orderly creations. Blessings were his !
Son of Samuel and Cynthia Hutchinson. Was
Andrew born in Monroe County, West Virginia, Jan-
Hutchinson. uary 18, 1836. He was called to the ministry
October 20, 1860 and given additional work
April, 1865. He was ordained to the Bishopric, September,
During the war of 1860 to '65 he had some sad experiences
in his birth place. Once he was ordered to be shot down
within five minutes because he refused to go into the military
service on the Confederate side. He was arrested a number
of times for refusing to enlist in the military service, but out
of all the Lord delivered him.
Early in his eighteenth year he fell from a horse and was
injured. He is still suffering from it.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 127
During his ministry over five hundred people were brought
into Christ. Owing to his affliction he baptized but few and
preached but few times at funerals. At one time eleven couples
called on him to perform marriage ceremonies inside of eight
days. This was in Virginia and the state law required a resi-
dent minister to perform the ceremony, hence he refused. At
one time in a period of a little over eight months he attended
thirty funerals. The youngest person interred was a babe and
the oldest one was one hundred and nine years of age. It is
said that he attended three funerals in one day. The most
sermons that he preached in any one year was four hundred
and forty. There are very few churches from New Jersey to
California, Oregon and Washington that he has not held ser-
128 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
vices in. He has traveled over almost all of the United States
and attended nearly all of the conferences since in the ministry.
Perhaps no other minister of his age has done as much work
in the brotherhood. He is called the walking Bible because he
rarely ever reads a passage of scripture in the pulpit, but quotes
directly and clearly and perfectly.
Bro. Hutchinson admires a trained mind especially made
new and strong from Biblical facts. He has a burning thirst
for truth at first hand. He has learned the power and useful-
ness of mind concentration. He is affectionate in Christ ;
stands firm for principles of high spiritualities; kind, noble,
generous, capable of doing big things for the Lord.
At this writing (April, 1917), he is living in Lords-
burg, Cal. He is past eighty years of age, yet quite vigorous.
His wife departed this life December 19, 1916.
He was born May 16, 1839, near Gettysburg,
Elder J. W. Pa., and, like many others who carried God
Trostle. into the soul, was raised a farmer. Gettys-
burg became famous in 1864 as the turning
point in the Confederate rebellion. Bro. Trostle settled in
Franklin Grove, Ills., in 1861. His oldest sister, wife of Elder
Daniel Deardorf , was living at that place at that time.
Bro. Trostle was united in marriage to Sarah Van Orsdal,
Nov. 17, 1864, and to this union were born Viola, Harvey L.,
Norman E. and Isaac Clayton, now all deceased ; Ira D., W. E.,
Asa J., and Edith E. Trostle, the latter the wife of
W. H. Keim.
Elder Trostle was elected to the ministry in 1869 at State
Center, Iowa, (then Iowa River Church was presided over by
Bishop John Murray), and was ordained to the Bishopric in
1873, serving forty-two years in that capacity. He was a mag-
nificent type of kindness, firmness and love as a presiding
officer, having held offices of trust several times during his
work on earth. Hospitable, kind, graceful and pious that won
souls, he spoke his messages well. At one time he had the
oversight of six congregations. He was among the first to
make practical the missionary faith in the Church of the
Brethren. He was a pioneer in the faith in Western Iowa,
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
visiting and encouraging the scattered churches in Iowa. He
lived to see his efforts blessed in large and prosperous
churches. His home church grew from a few members to a
body of 200 — the State Center Church, Iowa.
J. W. Trostle.
In February, 1884, he became a citizen of Woodberry
County, Iowa, becoming again a pioneer in the mission work.
With his co-workers, two, known as the East Kingsley and
West Kingsley, churches were built up, he presiding over
In 1896 he moved into Los Angeles County, Cal., and
became very useful in moulding the membership into Spiritual
Unity. He was for a short time a resident of Compton, then
located at Glendora. He was Elder in charge at Covina for a
while and did his work well.
January 30, 1906, he became a citizen of Pasadena, spend-
130 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
ing his closing days amidst a growing membership and the
beauties of nature. Up to the close of his life he was deeply
interested in the Master's Cause. His body gave up the spirit
the evening of Jan. 24, 1911, going home in ripeness as full
grown sheaf. He was loved unto the end.
He was born in White County, Illinois, Dec.
David A. 9, 1842. His parents settled at Mount Pleas-
Norcross. ant, Indiana and later near Shoals. He was
brought up on a farm, so he hails from where
good things to eat come. In 1861 he found himself in the
18th Regiment, Indiana Volunteers for three years service.
Once typhoid fever came near claiming him. Severely wounded
in the right hip at Port Gibson, May 1, 1863, he was disabled
for more than eight months. When well he returned to his
regiment at Indianola, Texas, and was discharged December
31, 1863. He re-enlisted January 1, 1864, for three years, or
during the war. Was wounded and captured October 19, 1864,
at Cedar Creek, Va., and was a prisoner of war over four
months. While in captivity a hospital steward at New Market,
Va., amputated his left arm and it was so bunglingly done
that after being exchanged and taken to Annapolis, Md., the
arm had to be re-amputated. Starvation and strong medicine
came near ending his career. He was wrapped in oiled silk,
which went a ways toward restoration. He was discharged
from service August 1, 1865, and granted only $8.00 per month
pension. With poor health and no home, he had to meet the
trials of a cold world.
His education had been neglected. The loss of his left
arm made him feel more and more the need of a workable edu-
cation. At twenty-three he started to school with small boys
and took pleasure in reciting the multiplication tables with
them. He came out a victor in his studies. Through the wise
counsel of his uncle, Geo. W. Norcross of Burlington, New
Jersey, Brother Norcross proceeded to Bryant and Strattons
Commercial College in Louisville, Ky., and came out with high
honors. He was offered a position at $1,000.00 a year, but
poor health prevented him accepting. He taught in the com-
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 131
mon schools, teaching ten public and five select schools in
Martin County, Indiana.
October 10, 1867, he was married to Isabel Wicthcer, by
D. A. Norcross.
whom he had five sons and three daughters. In 1869 he was
appointed Post Master at Shoals, Indiana, and served four
years. Long confinement ate into his good health and he
sought outdoor work. He resigned -from his governmental
position and ran for County Recorder. Democrats and Re-
publicans alike gave him their support and he was the first
Republican Recorder in that county. They gave him a ma-
jority of eight hundred and eleven. He served the people four
132 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
years and at the expiration of his time was asked to stand for
the place again, but having become a member of the Church
of the Brethren he could not see civil office blending in the
Light of Spiritual consistency. The Book did not point that
way for a Brother who believed "the whole Gospel." His
Master's teaching and political life would not blend in his
being to produce true happiness.
In 1888 he gave up teaching and came to Covina, arriving
April 2nd. In September of that year his wife was taken by
the Lord, leaving a saddened home. He purchased a home in
Glendora in 1889. In October of that year he was united in
marriage to Melissa C. Keim. To this union came Homer K.
He was given additional responsibilities in the ministry
at Covina April 2, 1895, and ordained to the Bishopric April
23, 1899, at Glendora. He labored awhile at Newberg, Ore-
gon, in the Master's Cause. He now resides in Lordsburg.
He presided over the Glendale, Arizona, Church for awhile.
He has been a frequent representative at District Meeting and
once represented the District on the Standing Committee at
Annual Conference. He served as District Meeting Secretary
at Covina in 1889.
"Davy is a good spiritual archer" and has lots of enthus-
iastic fire. Generally he hits the mark. He does far better
when he follows his own deductions than when he pursues
that of another. He is honest to a nicety, both in business af-
fairs and in spirit. Study that honest face which grew over
an honest heart within. He continues at seventy-four to be a
diligent Bible student. In song and sermon, Davy is lovable
and charming. Coldness to him is cruelty. Love is a con-
tinuous torch light from Heaven.
This faithful soldier of the cross was born in
Edmond Somerset County, Pennsylvania, April 5, 1838,
Forney. and was reared on a farm. At nineteen years
of age he taught his first school. In 1857 he
came with his parents to Richland County, Illinois, and
remained there for several years. In 1862 he became a resident
of Ogle County, Illinois, and engaged in farming. He married
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 133
Elizabeth Hershey. He became a member of the church in
1860 and was chosen to the deaconship in Pine Creek Church,
Illinois in 1863, and in 1865 entered the ministry. On Sep-
tember, 1873, he became a Bishop by ordination. He served
many years in charge of the Pine Creek Church. He came
to California in 1900 and had charge of the Lordsburg Church
from 1907 to 1912.
Elder Forney has push, ability and strong endeavor. He
swings through life overcoming all obstacles for he fully under-
stands that man is the highest type of life on earth. He recog-
nizes the Holy Spirit in mart as the most potent factor in life.
He is kind, polite, generous, patient and pleasing, yet firm for
right as he sees the right. It cannot be said that Elder Forney
scatters his native ability. He is inclined to conserve his spirit-
ual forces. He has served repeatedly on the Standing Com-
mittee of Annual Conference and moderator of District Con-
ferences. He still resides in Lordsburg and gives due atten-
tion to the ministry.
This "godly man" first was numbered among
William J. mankind in Franklin Grove, Illinois, where he
Thomas. joined the church. Chosen deacon in 1861. Mar-
ried Rebecca Kelly February 2, 1865 ; 1868 called
to the ministry. In 1869 moved to Ames, Iowa, ordained to
the Bishopric in 1889. Moved to Inglewood in 1896 and be-
came a charter member and was given charge of that congre-
gation which he held for fifteen years. He had charge of the
Lordsburg Church four years, and the oversight of the Santa
Ana Church two years. His christian virtues were esteemed
by his fellow-helpers. In August 1913, he lost his eyesight
which was a great misfortune, yet he bore it cheerfully. He
still can "make things" out of wood and iron which yields him
some comfort. He yet takes part in the ministry occasionally.
In Iowa he was among the first to agitate reformation in
the ordinance of feet washing and lived to see a gracious
change. The Ames, Iowa congregation was a leader in the
reformation. He persisted, studied the Book, and by the time
A. M. endorsed the change his congregation was busy in the
new practice. It was his searching of the Scriptures that uni-
134 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
fied his people and gave them the practice as now used. In
fact, Brother Thomas perhaps was God's greatest instrument
to bring about the better way in the Iowa churches. In a
righteous cause he does not falter. He realizes his loneliness
and says, "Where am I now ?" "I am as a lone tree in a for-
saken field." John the Baptist was beheaded, Stephen stoned,
Peter crucified head downward and the Son of God nailed to
the Cross crying, "My God, My God, why hast thou forsaken
me?" Yes, yes, in these latter days, at the sunset of my life,
why, why am I forsaken ? Is it God's way ? I trust it is."
There is much to comfort Brother Thomas. He still
has the esteem of all Godly people.
Brother Thomas was Moderator of the 1896 District Meet-
ing in Glendora and served admirably. He has always es-
teemed one true friend of greater value than a legion of flat-
terers. He has originality, and speaks to the heart of man.
He was born in Dauphin County, Pa., Nov. 20,
George H. 1871, and converted by Christ in the Chap-
Bashor. man Creek Church, Kansas and set apart as
Deacon within one month after admission into
the Church of the Brethren. He was installed into the Minis-
try in the Panhandle Country, Texas in 1897; advanced to
the second degree in 1900 and ordained to the Bishopric in
July, 1911, in the East Los Angeles Church. He was given
charge of Channing Street Mission in Los Angeles and served
several years very acceptably. George has large social quali-
ties naturally, and these being widened and strengthened by
the Holy Spirit give him great power in convincing unbe-
lievers and holding believers to duties toward God. In 1900
he took charge of Santa Fe Mission, also then under the fos-
tering care of the East Los Angeles Church.
The Missions were built up strong in Gospel force and
the numbers were satisfactory. He more than filled the Santa
Fe Mission with people; for one Sunday School class was
taught for awhile outside the main building. So full in his
heart for the poor and unfortunate that he was known to go
into saloons and lead out parties who were going astray. He
faced crowds of unruly men to "rescue the perishing." This
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
was Christ's way and George loves Christ's methods. Unruly
boys easily come under his benignancies.
Brother Bashor has served the District twice on the Con-
ference Standing Committee and presided over the District
Conference with becoming dignity and fairness two times. He
was Reading Clerk of the District Meeting in 1911 and 1912.
He served with grace several years on the District Mission
Board and with care looked after the District's interests. He
George H. Bashor.
is a Trustee of the Southern California District and Vice Pres-
ident of the National District Mission Board. He is now Pas-
tor and Elder in charge of the Glendora church. His faith in
the Divine Higher forces is a strong element in healing the
sick ; hence he is sought by those who are "ill at ease" to secure
the blessings of James 5:14-17. Calm, careful, fair, delibera-
tive he makes a good presiding officer over a deliberative body.
He is serving the third year as District Sunday School Secre-
136 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Born March 10, 1854 in Preble County, Ohio.
John S. His parents were Israel and Sophia (Shock)
Brubaker. Brubaker, both natives of Ohio. Brother Bru-
baker and parents were farmers and had sterling
qualities as men.
J. S. Brubaker.
He gained his early education in the common or public
schools. At twenty-four years of age he united with the Church
of the Brethren and four years later was chosen to the min-
istry. In 1874 he became a resident of California, residing
eight years near Merced. His next move was near Glendora.
He gave the orange culture the best that was in him horticul-
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 137
turally and made it a success. Here surrounded by his family
consisting of wife, three boys and several daughters, he enjoyed
the graces of social life in its purities.
Later in life he built an enjoyable house in Glendora,
where he passed to his better home in the Heavens, February
It is as a Christian that Brother Brubaker witnessed best
His lips were quite free from guile, like Nathaniel's. He
loved God and Christ and the Holy Spirit because he was born
of them. His acquaintanceship grew into men's souls as thev
associated more and more with him. He made no claim to loud
pretentions. He was unassuming, meek, gentle. This is much.
He had charge of the Glendora congregation during his resi-
dence at that place. He presided with honor and becoming
dignity to the glory of God. His voice was the voice of a
peacemaker, yet the needful firmness was happily joined to
true kindness. He had the right counsel at the right time.
Near the close of his life he was called to preside over
the city council of Glendora and led in the direction of justice
and justice toward men. As business man, he assisted in the
affairs of Glendora Light and Fuel Company and was a direc-
tor of the First Savings Bank of Glendora. As a token of
respect upon the day of his funeral, most all places of business
were closed and the city council attended the service in the
Church in a body.
As a helper in the affairs of the District he was useful
and gave evidence of loyalty to Christ and his Church prin-
ciples. A week before his leaving, he was heard to say, "I
am a young man yet, and would like to have been spared to
my family and to continue on in the great work of Jesus."
"But he was submissive and went out in hope and joy — hope-
fully waiting the Father's explanation." It is for us to say
"even so Father, it sceemed good in thy sight," and to wait
for the reason of the stroke, the time when from the mouth
of every sepulchre the great stone shall be rolled away." Yet
nature will have its way, and all the human within us groans
in spirit, as beside the cave in Bethany the Divine human
groaned before us —
138 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
"So good, so kind, and he is gone ;
Vale, vale in aeternum vale." Yes, thanks to God.
the aeternum is erased from our farewells by the glad hope
of the gospel. We shall meet him and see him as Jesus is.
Born near Lewistown, Pa., Sept. 1st, 1844. At
Matthew five years of age parents, Andrew and Leah
Mays Eshelman, moved to Clarion County Pa., where
Eshelman. M. M. was schooled in part and completed in
Ills, after the Civil War.
Taught school from 1865 to 1876. Served twice in war
of 1861-65. Married Lizzie A. Best Oct. 25, 1865. She died
in California Nov. 26, 1911.
United with Church of the Brethern June 4, 1874. Bap-
tized by Elder David Kimmel in Christian County, Ills.
Elected to office of Deacon, June 4, 1875 at Cherry Grove,
Associated with J. H. Moore and J. T. Myers in Brethren
at Work Sept. 1st, 1876. In publishing business six years.
Chosen to Ministry in Lanark Ills. Sept. 1878.
Ordained in White Rock Church, Kansas, inl884.
1885 to 1887 in charge of Belleville and two other churches
Served as Member of Standing Committee from N. W.
Kansas and Colorado District at Annual Meeting of 1885 and
Secretary of Committee of Arrangements of Annual Meet-
ing of 1884 at Bismark Grove, Kansas.
Member of Locating Committee of Mc Pherson college
in 1887, and Trustee for three years.
From Feb. 1890 to June of 1895, Immigration Agent of
the Santa Fe Railway and crossed the Continent 115 times,
traveling about 150,000 miles. One of three persons secured
option on Lordsburg, Cal., hotel and aided in organizing Lords-
burg College in 1891.
Assisted in colonizing Inglewood and Laton, Cal. with
members of the church and others.
Filled unexpired term of eight months in Colton Cal.
Mission in 1898.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Prepared for Geo. Rice & Son, publishers in Los Angeles,
the auto-biography of 100 leading citizens of Los Angeles
Began teaching in 1880 and taught local Bible Schools
in Illinois, Indiana, Oregon, Kansas, Nebraska, Washington
Held Children's Meetings and gave chalk talks as early
■wk ■ Mf^n
| ^ ^
M. M. Eshelman, Making a Book.
Revival work in many churches from Indiana to Pacific
Secretary of twenty-three District Meetings in Ills., Kan-
sas, Oregon, Washington and California.
Foreman of Berean Bible School, Los Angeles, from 1907
Author of the following works : Sabbathism, One Faith
Vindicated, True Vital Piety, Two Sticks or the Ten Tribes
of Israel Discovered, History of the Danish Mission, A Model
140 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Life, or, Uncle John Metzger, Operations of the Holy Spirit,
Los Angeles Now and Then (illustrated), Open Way Into the
Book of Revelation, Prepared this History, Writer for local
newspapers and magazines. Author of Truth Triumphant.
Married Salome A. Watkins, Dec. 31st, 1912.
1915, 1916 united with S. S. Garst in charge of Tropico
Always "least of all saints."
The subject of this sketch was born June
W. E. Trostle. 7, 1868, on the farm near State Center,
Iowa. In 1890 his parents took residence
in Woodberry County, Iowa, and the son was schooled in the
public schools and High School of Kingsley, Iowa.
During the years 1891 to 1893 he took education in Mt.
Morris College, Illinois. He was baptized in 1889, and chosen
to the ministry in 1892 in Iowa. Ordained to the Bishopric in
Pine Creek Church, Illinois, in 1898 by Bishop J. G. Royer.
Before chosen to the ministry he served several years as Sun-
day School Superintendent. For seven years he was assistant
Pastor of the Pine Creek Church, Ogle County, Ills.
In 1886 he loved and married Katie R. Rowland of Polo,
Ills. In 1904 located near Pasadena. Assisted in organizing
the Pasadena church April 14, 1905. Served as her Pastor for
thirteen years and as Elder in charge eleven years. Served as
Bishop of Long Beach church about two years and South Los
Angeles church about five years.
For five years he was a member of the District Mission
Board in Northern Illinois, and during the past thirteen years
he has been a member of the Southern California and Arizona
Mission Board. He has been a member of the Board of Trus-
tees of Lordsburg College for eight years and is yet a member.
Also a member of the Board of Trustees of the Golden State
Home and Orphanage of this District. In his ministrations he
has baptized about 100 converts. He is author of a number
of prophetic charts. He has given much time to Bible and
Prophetic study and believes in a whole Bible "rightly divided."
In short, he takes very little interest in so-called modern re-
forms. A strong temperance advocate, a firm conviction in
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 141
right as he sees the right, and an admirer of true reverence.
Shams make no impress upon him and he loves to defend an
open Bible. He despises heresies and hypocrisies, and takes
W. E. Trostle
a conservative course. He has been greatly used by the Dis-
trict and does much evangelistic work.
Was born in St. Louis, Mo., in 1866. Before
Geo. F. he was twenty years of age he accepted Christ,
Chemberlen. and was baptised June 13, 1886. He came to
California the following year. A review of
this book shows a little of his church activities, and reveals the
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
George F. Chemberlen
"I know Him in whom I have believed."
fact that he is regarded as an efficient fellow-helper in Christ.
In 1890 he was married to Miss Cora E., daughter of
Bro. T. E. and Sister Melissa Byrd Finch.
"I know Him in whom I have believed."
This "man of God" was born in Pennsylvania
Elder Peter and at an early age united with the Church of
Forney. the Brethren. Even in youth he took readily
and very earnestly to the study of the Holy
Scriptures. He read, meditated and filled his mind with Divine
Truth, and his after years showed the fruits of this early desire
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 143
to know God's will. When called to the ministry he was quite
ready for edifying messages and gave them out freely and
clearly. He knew the Bible so well that when any question was
raised that required the book, chapter and verse he was ready
to furnish it. His entertaining qualities were his ability to
join truth to truth as the Spirit gave power. He traveled a
great deal in his latter days and enjoyed the association and
fellowship of his Brethren and Sisters in Christ. Like his
Brother John Forney, few men were more able to weave
Scripture subjects together. He died in his home in Glendale,
Arizona, at the ripe age of eighty-five years. He was a char-
ter member of the Glendale church and did a great deal to
bring it up to an enjoyable standard in the truth of the Lord.
He loved the Christ.
Born May 31, 1876, in Keokuk County, Iowa.
Christian He was converted at a mission in Graham
S. Hoff. County, Kansas, in 1888 and was baptized by
Brother Isaac Studebaker. Chosen to the min-
istry in the Victor Church, Osborne County, Kansas, in Octo-
ber, 1902. His ministerial lines are exhortatory and evange-
listic. He admires a clean life and does not fail on insisting
upon it in himself. He is doing good work for the Master
at El Centra, Cal. Rather unselfish in his makeup, courteous
and considerate, Brother Hoff reaches into betterments with
some ease. He is inclined to be very tolerant toward others,
yet firm in his convictions.
was born in Caldwell County, Missouri, Octo-
A. C. Root. ber 1, 1879, was the youngest son of Elder C.
C. and Sarah Root. At the age of fourteen
he was baptized in the Ozawkie church by Elder Piersoll. In
the year 1901 he was united in marriage to Emma Cline at
Gardner, Kansas. A month later they moved to Oklahoma
and were called to the Ministry in the Hoyle Cong, in the
spring of 1902.
In the year of 1903 they took charge of their first Pastor-
ate in the Mt. Hope Cong, and have served to the present time
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
in that capacity, and the evangelistic field, in a number of con-
Denver City, first church, Denver City colored church,
Colorado City, Seattle, Washington, a Chinese School in Seat-
tle, are some of the visible results of his labors. At present
Pastor and Elder of the church at Long Beach, California.
A. C. Root
At the Annual Meeting in Bismark Grove,
Kansas, in 1883, George L. McDonaugh first
became acquainted with the Brethren. He
took several car loads of members to Southern
Kansas after the Conference and thus opened the way for
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 145
many congregations to spring up in that region. In 1890 he
became Traveling Passenger Agent of the Santa Fe Railroad
and from that time to within a year or two ago he was instruc-
mental in settling members in California, Oregon, Washing-
ton and Idaho, where now there are many churches of Breth-
ren. He has been untiring in his efforts to place people in
pleasant places where home-making could bring contentment.
The subject of this writing was born June 26,
W. F. England. 1856, in Medina County, Ohio. After attend-
ing the common schools of his home, he enter-
ed the Medina Normal School and set aside more ignorance by
the sunshine of clear and useful truth. He began teaching
school in his native county at the age of eighteen years. While
teaching his third winter near the Black River Church, Ohio,
he united with the Church of the Brethren, being immersed
on Christmas Day, 1877. He was a student at the opening
of Ashland College in 1879 and took special work for two
years. He was united in marriage to Sister Ella Workman,
December 22, 1880. He then located in the Ashland Ohio
Church and was elected to the Diaconate August 1, 1885. On
September 25, 1885, he was called to the ministry and given
additional work September 8, 1894. He was ordained to the
Bishopric in October 24, 1903. His associates in the ministry
were Elders D. N. Workman, I. D. Parker, W. A. Murray,
James Murray, T. S. Moherman. He lived in the Ashland
Church twenty-seven years and moved with his family to
Lordsburg, California October 31, 1907. Since that time he
has taken an active part in the affairs of the church and Lords-
burg College. He has attended every Annual Conference
since in California and twice represented this district on the
Standing Committee. He has been a Moderator of the Dis-
trict Meeting and since 1908 has been a member of the Board
of Trustees of Lordsburg College. For three years he was
Acting President and Business Manager of that Institution.
For quite a number of years he has had the oversight of Lords-
Elder England has a tone of sweet influences and in his
ready remarks he bears away in his lines many hearts on any
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
W. F. England.
given subject. He makes a good Presiding Officer, is careful
of people's feelings and views; even when arrogance lifts its
head, he will meet the combat of error ardently. His personal
make up is that of winsomeness, aptness, power of perception,
love of home. He loves associates who are calm, gentle, kind
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 147
Son of Robert and Mary Tavlor, was born in
Hewitt R. Tuscarawa County, Ohio, May 27, 1842. In
Taylor. 1848 his parents emigranted to Iowa and settled
in Powesheik County near what became later the
town of Deep River. On his farm Brother Taylor lived for
fifty years. He was the first single person to unite with the
Church of the Brethren in that vicinity. Here he was chosen
Hewitt R. Taylor.
to the Diaconate, and to the ministry. He was chosen first
Superintendent of the first Sunday School in this church. Here
he was advanced to the second degree of the ministry and
148 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
later to the Bishopric. He was the first Elder ordained in this
congregation. He labored one year under the District Board
of Missions in Muscatine, Iowa.
In 1881 Elder John Thomas of Washington County, Iowa,
and Elder Taylor opened a preaching service at Elrick on the
Mississippi River. These brethren were the first to preach in
that section of the country. There were two members living
at Kossuth at the time. Brothers Thomas and Taylor kept up
that appointment until an elder was secured and a church or-
ganized and one chosen to the ministry.
He served the District of Middle Iowa as her first Sun-
day School Secretary, and for three years was a member of
the District Mission Board. Was chosen by the General Mis-
sion Board as the first evangelist of his District for two years.
He served the District Meetings as writing clerk for fifteen
years and reading clerk two years. He held the oversight of
the Deep River Church from his ordination to his resignation
in 1898, and also the Oak Grove congregation, until he moved
to Des Moines to take charge of the Mission by direction of
the General Board. He entered the mission field at Channing
Street, Los Angeles, and had for his helpers, Sister Kate New-
some and Sister Nannie Murray. He resigned as the labors
were too severe, and did some work by direction of California
Mission Board in the Imperial Valley, and in Northern and
Southern California. His home is at 720 E. Villa Street,
This brother was born June 30, 1873, of godly
Samuel S. parents in Tennessee. In Washington Creek
Garst. Church he was reborn or regenerated and was
* made able to "taste of the good word of God and
powers of the world to come and became partaker of the Holy
Ghost." At the opening of this century with his family he set-
tled in Glendale and became a regular attendant at church
services, early aiding in the work. On September 26, 1908, he
was chosen to the ministry and has served faithfully ever since
in the Divine Minstrations. A few years ago he was made
Bishop of the General Church, and, with the writer, is in
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 149
charge of the Tropico Church. He attended the Berean Bible
School, Los Angeles, several years.
Traits — Good memory, clearness of view, tact in applica-
tion, deep seated courage for Truth.
The kind of associates most valuable to Brother Garst
are calm, kind, loving, reposeful, intellectual, judicial. He
loves to revel in doctrinal, practical, pictorial, and prophetical
subjects. His unfeigned faith and strict obedience to Jesus
stands him well in conflicts. He is dependable.
Was born March 22, 1857, in Carroll County,
Andrew C. Indiana. His parents, John S. and Susan
Snowberger Snowberger, later settled in White County,
Indiana. He united with the Church of the
Brethren October, 1876, at the age of nineteen years. In 1880
his parents moved to York County, Nebraska. He was chosen
to the ministry June 24, 1881, in the Beaver Creek Church,
Nebraska. Was married to Mary Jane Zern May 31, 1883.
She died May 21, 1884. On January 19, 1896, he was united
in marriage to Rachel Fessler.
He was ordained to the office of Bishop in 1900 in the
Honey Creek Church, Indiana, by Elders L. W. Teeter and
D. F. Hoover.
He had charge of the Des Moines, Iowa, Missions for a
He came to California March 17, 1911. At this time he
has charge of the Santa Ana congregation.
He has a very pleasant way of passing his sermon over
to an assembly and always delivers his discourse in the power
of faith. He is very tender hearted and feeds his flock with
Was born in Lancaster County, Pa., October
Peter S. 1827, and was married to Sarah Graff by Elder
Myers. John Umsted on February 12, 1851. In 1854 he
was immersed in Germany Valley, Pa., and in
1857 called to the deaconship. In 1860 he was set apart to
the ministry in the Spring Run Church, Pennsylvania. His
150 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
companion died in October 1884. He married Magdalena
Frantz of Cerro Gordo, Illinois with whom he lived the rest
of his life.
He moved to California in an early day of the Brethren
and was identified in the beginning of the colony in Covina.
Later he settled in Los Angeles and participated in nearly all
the first movements of the Church of the Brethren. His inter-
ests in the East Los Angeles Church was paramount, how-
ever, and while the city membership was held in the Tropico
church, he was largely instrumental in securing the funds for
erecting the first house of worship. After erecting it with
his own hands, assisted by Andrew Emmert, he preached the
dedicatory sermon to a large audience.
For many years he had charge of the congregation and
represented the District on the Standing Committee in 1896
and several times served as Moderator of the District Confer-
He was a man of force and strong determination. Once
he had fixed his mind on a question it was with difficulty that
he yielded. His sermons were strong, clear as a rule and well
delivered. A denominational chart created by him had some
He was the youngest son of loseph and Anna
Elder B. F. Masterson, born February 20," 1848, at Master-
Masterson. sonville, Lancastor County, Pa. Was married to
Elizabeth Engle, September 30, 1867. They were
baptized in the Chiques congregation in the spring of 1869.
They moved to Sangamon County, Illinois, into the Sugar-
creek congregation in the fall of 1876.
They were installed into the Deacon's Office in 1880, and
elected to the Ministry in 1884, and advanced to the second
degree of the Ministry in 1886. Moved to Lordsburg, Cali-
fornia, with their family of nine children in the fall of 1891,
and were charter members of the Lordsburg church.
In the year of 1898 they took a trip to Eastern Pennsyl-
vania and were engaged in teaching the Bible and in Evange-
listic work for about two years, after which he took charge of
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 151
B. F. Masteraon.
the Mission at Hanover, York County, Pa., under whose super-
vision the church was organized. They returned to California
in the year 1901 and located at Inglewood.
In the year 1906 they moved to Long Beach, took up the
work there and a church was organized, in the year 1907, of
which he was pastor for several years. Was ordained to the
Eldership May 20, 1911, and at this writing is permanently
located at Long Beach, and is associate Elder with Elder
A. C. Root, who has charge and is pastor of the church aJfc that
place. '""th oil!
Elder Masterson is kind, sympathetic and measurably
magnetic giving charm especially to the lowly and confiding
152 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
He inspires others to do good, for the Lord has done much
for him. He has intuitive powers which are not always ex-
plainable by him. As to learning he has ever loved mental at-
tainments and has put forth efforts to know without much aid
from others. God made Brother Masterson so he could get
what he needed whether man aided him or not. He is quite
methodical in his ways, prepares sermons as near divine order
as his auditors need. He delivers the Messages in all confi-
dence of their values to mankind, and is quite in sympathy with
all who are in distress. He has a good degree of self-control,
a good adviser, a pleasant element in associations. He is yet
useful to the church and God has spiritual work for him.
Born on March 30, 1844, in Lancaster County,
Simon E. Pennsylvania. At the age of 12 years in the
Yundt. spring of 1856 he moved with his parents to
Naperville, Illinois. On Nov. 6, 1870, he was
baptized, uniting with the Church of the Brethren. In the fall
of 1873 he was elected by the Naperville congregation to the
office of deacon. On the 12th of October, 1878, he was elected
to the ministry. On Oct. 15, 1881, he was advanced to the sec-
ond degree of the ministry. Oct. 20, 1890, he moved to Mt.
Morris, 111., where he was ordained to the Eldership July 4,
1896. On Oct. 3, 1896, the members'at Batavia, 111., were or-
ganized into a separate congregation from the Naperville con-
gregation and selected Bro. Yundt as their presiding elder. On
Dec. 5, 1896, the Chicago congregation elected Bro. Yundt as
their presiding elder. On Sept. 3, 1900, he tendered his resig-
nation to the church in Chicago, 111., and it was accepted. On
Sept. 8, 1900, he resigned his charge of the Batavia church.
On Sept. 28, 1900, he started for California, arriving at Lords-
burg Oct. 10th, and was at once informed that on Oct. 3, 1900,
Bro. Wm. Thomas, the presiding elder of the Lordsburg cong-
regation, tendered his resignation. Bro. Yundt was chosen as
presiding elder, which position he filled until Oct. 7, 1907. In
April, 1906, he moved to Pomona, Cal., and on March 17, 1907,
the members of Pomona were organized into a separate congre-
gation, and elected Bro. Yundt as their presiding elder, which
position he filled until Dec. 13, 1915, with the exception of nine
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 153
months in the year 1909, being in the east for that time. Elder
J. A. Brubaker filled the place in his absence. Bro. Yundt
served on standing committee at Carthage, Mo., in 1904, and
at Seattle, Wash., 1914. Was foreman of committee of ar-
rangements for annual meeting of 1907 at Los Angeles, Cal.
Served as congregational delegate a number of times to annual
and district meetings. Was moderator four times at district
meetings. Baptized 205 persons. Solemnized 32 marriages.
His has been an active life.
He was a delegate at Winona Lake, Indiana, when A. M.
first held there and delegate in 1916 to the Southern California
C. H. Yoder.
154 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Was born near Bellefontaine, Ohio, February
C. H. Yoder 12, 1884. At the age of fourteen years he
united with the Church of the Brethren. At
the age of twenty-one he was chosen to the ministry in his
native home church. The following year he was advanced
to the second degree. At the age of twenty-six he was ordained
to the Eldership at Lordsburg, California. He is giving his
time largely to educational work. However, he has found
time to do considerable preaching and some pastoral and
He served as pastor of the Bellefontaine Mission during
the summer of 1907.
For the past three years he has lived at Lordsburg and
labored in the College as Professor of Biblical literature.
As a student he attended the Ohio State University and
Manchester College taking his A. B. and B. S. L. from the
At this time he is pushing his graduate studies in the
University of Southern California.
Was born March 8, 1869, at Dayton, Ohio, and
W. I. T. received into the Church November 4, 1890, at
Hoover. Mt. Morris College. He was chosen to the min-
istry March, 1892, in Dayton, Ohio. He has
baptized quite a number of persons and assisted in anointing
several dozen. He enjoys "religio-philosophical" lines of edu-
cation and preaching, which to him determines the fundamental
principles of religious thought and social problems wherein are
applied the principles determined under the discussion of "re-
He was born near Manchester, Indiana, January
Harvey 7, 1881. Chosen to diaconate in South Los
Snell. Angeles, April 15, 1906, and called to the min-
istry at the same place April 5, 1907. He was
put into the second degree May 22, 1908, and ordained at
Covina, October 19, 1911. He held the oversight of the
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 155
Covina Church from January 7, 1912, to August 9, 1912. He
was chosen District Sunday School Secretary, and Secretary
of the Christian Workers and also of the District Mission
Board at Covina District Meeting, March 23, 1911. He is a
very earnest worker for Christ and when his convictions are
rooted, he is pulled away from them with great difficulty.
Given to study and deep thinking, he enjoys cultivation
and spiritual usefulness. He bubbles over with new truths
and scatters dejection to the winds. Kind-hearted, noble, mag-
netic, sympathetic, vigorous, Brother Snell leads his hearers
into great betterments.
This Brother came into this world August 25,
Albert W. 1858, near Dayton, Ohio. His parents were
Vaniman. Brother and Sister Daniel Vaniman, a distin-
guished Elder of the Church. At five years of
age Albert, with his father and mother moved to Macoupin
County, Illinois. Having trained himself for school teaching,
he followed that profession for awhile, then he became a stu-
dent at Mount Morris College in 1879. In this institution he
more and more realized the values of a well prepared mind
At Mount Morris he met Sister Alice Moore and the
attachment resulted in marriage, on June 18, 1882, at Lanark,
Illinois. Her abilities were so varied that she proved very
helpful to his ministry.
At fourteen, Brother Vaniman united with the Church of
the Brethren, being baptized by that widely known veteran of
the Cross, Elder John Metzger, at St. Louis, Mo. In 1884
he was chosen to the ministry and in 1899 he was ordained
to the Eldership. Later the General Mission Board sent him
to Cooke County, Texas, as a missionary. During the first
year he held over one hundred services, attended four love-
feasts, received thirty-six into the church and traveled over
two thousand miles. He was the first minister in that State,
and was followed later by Henry Brubaker and J. P. Harsh-
berger, and assisted in organizing the congregation in Clay and
156 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Montague Counties. Their traveling was by private con-
veyance, camping and cooking by the wayside.
For a few years he served as business manager of McPher-
son College. One time his father preached a strong missionary
sermon and this aroused Albert to the conclusion to become
a life missionary. He and his wife volunteered to go to India.
They entered medical college in Topeka, Kansas, and pre-
pared for the work. At the conference of 1894, they, along
with the names of Brother and Sister Stover and Sister Ryan,
were endorsed for the India field, but the Vanimans were not
ready to go with the other three. Had they gone they would
have become, with the others, the pioneers in that far off land
for the Brethren. While in Topeka, he served as Pastor for
the Church. After completing his course in the medical college,
he located at Saginaw, Texas, and built up a good practice.
The General Mission Board asked him to go into Georgia,
Florida and Alabama to study conditions among the colored
people with the view of opening up missions among them.
The great opening of Denmark as a mission territory by
Brother and Sister C. Hope in 1876 needed a preacher, so
the Mission Board sent the Vanimans to Malmo, Sweden, in
July, 1900. They endeared themselves greatly to the people
in Sweden and Denmark. Health failing him, he returned
to America in the Autumn of 1905 and came to Inglewood
where, in the house of Elder Philip Moore, they found a
genial home. Later they located in Pasadena. For two years
Albert was able to do quite effective work among the churches.
He served as a member of the Committee of Arrangements
for the Annual Conference in Los Angeles, in 1907. In Sep-
tember of the same year, he moved to Raisin, Fresno County,
California. There he labored until that dread disease, con-
sumption, called him at the age of nearly forty-nine years.
Brother Vaniman's field of labor had a wide range. He
was a thorough reader of good books, a strong pleader for
right, sometimes a little ahead of the main body in his thoughts,
but yielding to the wishes of others.
These facts were gleaned from "Soa*e Who Led."
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 157
Born near Bristol, Tenn., September 25, 1874. He
John M. has been in California about seventeen years. He
Wine. was received into the church October 6, 1907, and
baptized by Elder J. A. Miller. On April 5, 1908,
he was called to the ministry and on June 17, 1911, was
advanced to the second degree ministry. He is in his third
year as Superintendent of the Sunday School in Santa Ana.
He has been delegate to the District Meeting four times.
This brother was born in North Manchester,
James. Z. Indiana, January 1st, 1866. His parents were
Gilbert. members of the Church of the Brethren, and
threw around James excellent influences. And
what flowed into his being remained in his welfare. He chose
the Lord in December, 1878, and has abided in Him ever since.
In the McPherson Church, Kansas, he was elected to the min-
istry, and ordained in the East Los Angeles Church in 1914
by the laying on of hands of Elder Geo. F. Chemberlen and
S. E. Yundt. He was a pupil at Mount Morris College, Illinois
and at McPherson, Kansas, and the University of Kansas at
Brother Gilbert in the pulpit as in the class-room is both
clear and forceful. In his themes he often is brilliant and
bubbling over with spiritual entities. If in the "blues" he does
not remain very long. There is always a lane out. When he
takes a position on a good topic, it is difficult to pry him loose
if he is assured of its values. He prefers leading to being
led. At this writing he is teaching in the Los Angeles High
School. He has been there for a number of years.
Biblically, his strongest lines are doctrinal and evangel-
By birth he was a Pennsylvanian, the son of
George Elder Joseph Hanawalt, and had as associates
Hanawalt. Graybill Myers, John Umsted, James Quinter,
John Kline, Henry Davy, B. F. Moomaw, Peter
Nead, Wm. Howe, Joseph Rothrock, David Eshelman, D. P.
Saylor, John Spanogle and John Fox, a grandson of Alexander
158 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
George Hanawalt was born April 2, 1821. He was the
oldest of sixteen children. He was principal in the High
School and had as an associate S. Z. Sharp. He was of a lit-
erary and scientific turn of mind. He admired the marvelous
and had a longing for the unknowable. He was married Sep-
tember, 1856, to Caroline McKee. She died in May. 1858.
He was called to the ministry in the old Lewiston congrega-
tion where his father had the oversight. In 1859 he married
Barbara Replogle. When she died they had eight children
ranging from infancy to twelve years.
While in the Spring Run congregation, Pennsylvania, he
filled sixteen appointments in as many places, each appoint-
ment being three weeks apart. This was much better than to
have sixteen preachers for one appointment.
Brother Hanawalt moved to Johnstown, Pennsylvania,
continuing his activities in the church. He was married to
Lucinda Stutsman. He was ordained to the Elder Body while
yet in Pennsylvania, then came to California several years
before his death and lived to the ripe age of eighty-two years.
He died in Lordsburg among the intellectuals. He is the
father of W. A. Hanawalt, who was President of the Lords-
burg College jseveral years.
Born in Hardy County, West Virginia, Septem-
P. B. ber 8, 1871. Educated in public schools of West
Fitzwater. Virginia, Bridgewater College, Va., Moody
Bible Institute of Chicago, Xenia Theological
Seminary, Ohio, Princeton Theological Seminary. Elected to
the ministry in 1896, at Sheldon, Iowa, ordained to Eldership
at West Manchester, Indiana, in 1909. For a short time he
was identified with Lordsburg College.
Characteristics: takes on education readily, but it must
come orderly, systematically, methodically. His studiousness
and love of knowledge bring him great results and he cleverly
gives out what he has somewhat improved. As a public
speaker, Brother Fitzwater has risen to a commendable height.
Hope, vital force, and enthusiasm help him to attain what he
desires. He is an instructor in the Moody Bible Institute,
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 159
Was born in Greene County, Pennsylvania, July
Stephen 20, 1839, and brought up in the Methodist faith.
Johnson. When in manhood he located in Ohio and there
married Elizabeth Harding. In 1865, two years
later, he moved to Benton County, Iowa, and in 1868 was
elected to the ministry. In 1873 he was ordained to the Bish-
opric and became assistant to Elder Peter Forney in church
management. At one time he had charge of the Iowa River
Church, State Center Church and with S. H. Miller of the
Waterloo, Iowa, Church. In 1897, he located at Nez Perce,
Idaho. He was then fifty miles from railroad facilities. In
the autumn of 1897, Brother C. J. Fike and family arrived.
In due time a church was organized and Brother Johnson was
put in charge. He is a splendid parliamentarian. At the age
of forty-five his eyesight failed and this put a deep missionary
spirit into his soul.
During the early settlement of Idaho, the Nez Perce
Indians threatened the settlers and Elder Johnson became a
very great help in calming them through his fearless demeanor.
He resided several years in Lordsburg, California, and gave
the church his services and helpful powers.
He contributed ten thousand dollars toward the support
of a mission worker in Jerusalem, but owing to the unsettled
condition of that place the mission has not materialized.
An excellent counselor and good thinker, with a judgment
of clearness, Brother Johnson constructs with the will of the
Lord in a faithful manner.
A native of Pennsylvania, born in York
S. G. Lehmer. County, December 25, 1857. Graduated at
the Millerville State Normal School, and then
took a special course in Civil Engineering at Ann Arbor, Mich.,
University. After this he took a Divinity Course at the
Chicago University. He united with the Church of the Breth-
ren at the age of twenty-five. Engaged in educational work
in the states of Pennsylvania, Nebraska, Kansas and Califor-
nia. He taught in the Primary Department of the Los Angeles
High School for several years. Chosen to the Ministry at the
age of twenty-seven and ordained to the Eldership in 1900
160 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
in Los Angeles. At various times he served as overseer of the
Bangor, Oak Grove, Tropico, Santa Ana and East Los Angeles
Churches. He has been associated with the Tropico and later
Los Angeles Churches for twenty-six years. In company with
Elder P. S. Myers he toiled in halls and private houses for
S. G. Lehmer.
years to gather a flock for Christ. In the work of the District
he has taken a very active part from its beginning which may
be found elsewhere in this work. He has been a close student
and admires mind culture.
On a farm in the western part of La Grange
Samuel J. County, Indiana, December 2, 1863, Samuel J.
Miller. Miller began to be reckoned among people of
this earth. Farm life was his, like many others.
He attended the public schools of the times. Things came
and staid in his. youthful mind. When the County Superin-
tendent of Schools fired the youthful minds in his visits, Sam-
uel J. received his share of the impress for onward gains in the
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 161
knowledge that "puffeth not up." He resolved to be some
day among the "Worth-whiles." His delights were in gram-
mar, geography and history. He delved into them like a honey
bee on finding an unusual cup of sweetness in some flower.
With nearly all pupils in the '60s and '70s he shared the
experiences of sitting on the flat side of a plank with peg legs,
and a board resting on pins in the walls for support as a
writing desk. I wonder he does not have sections of these
in Lordsburg College as relics for display between the Now
and the Then.
As to course of study then, there was but one. It was
linked together by such means as were at hand. There were
instances where the teacher had more hickory withes in the
loft as a reserve for discipline than he had knowledge to spell
ordinary English words.
A four or five months' term was often interrupted in
attendance by husking corn, sawing logs, "doing chores" and
running errands. Much of this was called "resting from school
About the time Samuel was ready to do some common
teaching his parents moved to Kansas and the family began in
a "dug out." It could be said this youth began in the "grass
roots" in Kansas. Many others began likewise. Out west
his duties consisted in "clerking," teaching and farming, and
this continued until March, 1889, when he and Elder J. J.
Yoder entered McPherson College for the spring term. His
struggles from that time on were numerous, being enlivened
by helping to thresh Kansas wheat; then tutoring to make
others "ready to tutor; selling views to get cash for more
studies. His experiences in college were some of the usual
ones, using a wash bowl for a wash tub, and window panes for
ironing boards. These gave valuable experiences which are
real capital in life.
Post graduate work was taken in the Kansas University
in 1897, thus securing the Master's degree. His next move
was toward Modena Hutchinson, daughter of Bishop Andrew
Hutchinson, making her his wife. He served one year as
instructor in Lordsburg College, and one year as superinten-
dent of the Redlands Public Schools. In 1899 he did field
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
work for McPherson, Kansas, College, after which he entered
the faculty of that institution as instructor in English, after
"brushing up" at the Kansas University. He remained in
McPherson College the next seven years.
S. J. Miller.
His next move was to Lindsay, Cal., where he took les-
sons in soil and crop business for health and living. On
January, 1915, he delivered several lectures in the Bible Insti-
tute, Lordsburg, after which he became President of that
In addition to knowledge of the College kind he has given
much aid to Sunday School efforts, and Church edification. He
has come thus far with well rounded-out mentalities, and
enjoys the spiritualities of the Word.
Was born on a farm near Girard, Illinois, April
Nicholas J. 23, 1868. He attended the neighborhood school
Brubaker. from his sixth year to his nineteenth, but after
old enough to work advantageously on the farm,
his school year usually consisted of only three or four months.
His father and mother were members and regular atten-
dants, of the Pleasant Hill Church, to which he was admitted
in 1880. Having been a regular attendant of the Sunday
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
School from its organization, he was chosen teacher of a class
and elected the following year as Superintendent.
At Mount Morris College, he finished his Classical Aca-
demic Course in 1893. In the winter of 1891-'92 he was in
California at the Lordsburg College. In the year 1894-'95 he
N. J. Brubaker.
attended the DePauw University at Greencastle, Indiana. In
1898 he returned to California as Instructor in Lordsburg Col-
In 1899 he was united in marriage with Martha Master-
He taught school at Temecula, California. Though iso-
lated from the Church of his choice, he continued actively
engaged in Church work as opportunity offered.
At different times he was chosen as "Acting Superinten-
164 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
dent" of Schools under the auspices of the Methodist Church.
At times, when no minister was available, he was called upon
to officiate at burial occasions.
In 1907 he entered the Los Angeles City School System,
thus coming into the confines of the South Los Angeles
Church, which called him to the Ministry in 1910. In connec-
tion with his public teaching he has completed his university
course at U. S. C, taking the degree of Bachelor of Arts and
the High School Certificate.
Was born in Allen County, Ohio, December
B. S. Haugh. 9, 1873. His father was Jacob Haugh. At
ten years of age his parents moved on a farm
in Jackson County, Missouri, remaining there six years. He
then took residence in Warrensburg, Missouri. Here B. S.
Haugh joined the Church of the Brethren at sixteen years of
age. He led in the song services of the church and took vocal
music in different parts of the country. At twenty years of age
he entered Mount Morris, Illinois, College. The second year
during the summer he continued his studies in North Man-
chester College, Indiana. Through the assistance of Elder S.
Z. Sharp he became assistant instructor of vocal music in
McPherson College, Kansas, remaining there ten years.
He was married August 31, 1914, to Laura E. Harsh-
barger, who also graduated from McPherson College. They
have been identified with the Lordsburg College for the past
three years. He led the singing service in the Los Angeles
Annual Conference in 1907, and of this service the late Bobert
Burdette, Pastor of the Temple Baptist Church said, he won-
dered why the committee of arrangements had refused the use
of the Twenty-five Thousand Dollar Organ, and when he came
to hear the singing he said he understood when he heard the
Fifty Thousand Dollar voices in song why the organ was
refused. Those who attended the conference will remember
how the great body of five thousand people was swayed by
that beautiful hymn "In the Morning of Joy."
He studied music in the Moody Bible School under
Instructors Coffin, Sellers, Dehuarter and Towner.
From Bethany Bible School they went to McPherson
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 165
College, Kansas and remained there two years, giving instruc-
tions in music. He is now teacher of music in Lordsburg
Born in Adams County, Ohio, August 7, 1851 ;
William Q. converted to God by His Truth and Spirit at the
Calvert. age of thirteen, or in 1864. He taught eight
terms of school, beginning at nineteen. Was
married to Susan E. Couser at the age of twenty-one in Jan-
uary 30, 1873. He located in Rice County, Kansas in 1875,
and returned to Adams County, Ohio, in 1877, and on April
7th of the same year was chosen to the ministry. Spent
twenty-six years in the ministry where elected. To meet his
wide circle of preaching appointments he had to travel about
two thousand miles annually, mostly on horseback. He had
the joy of seeing over two hundred and fifty persons come to
the Church of the Brethren under his preaching. In his min-
isterial labors, he gave comfort to the living at over one hun-
dred funerals, and united in marriage nearly one hundred
and fifty couples. He took residence in Covina, California,
in October, 1902; went to Allison Prairie Church, Illinois, in
October, 1903. In February, 1905, he located in the Panther
Creek Church, Illinois. In November, 1906, he became a citi-
zen of Inglewood, California. Served as a member of the
Standing Committee from Southern California District in
1911. Moved to the Imperial Valley, California, in 1911,
where his beloved wife went home to Jesus, February 23, 1912.
September 16, 1913, he moved to Lordsburg, California, where
he still resides. He was married to Mary V. Ebersole, January
Brother Calvert is a clear, forceful speaker, a close student
of the Bible, a fairly good talker on his feet, and socially strong
in helpful qualities.
This young Brother in the ministry was
Harry Brandt. born near Hartlan, Iowa, February 5, 1885,
and with his parents took residence in Cal-
ifornia in November, 1887. He was received by conversion
into the Covina Church, December 4, 1904, and elected to the
ministry, October 14, 1906 at Covina. On November 30, 1911
166 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
he was given work in the second degree of the ministry. He
attended Bethany Bible School at Chicago and is giving good
promise of an efficient minister for Christ and the Church.
Harry is a pursuer. He sought spiritual wisdom in Beth-
any, Bible School, Scholarship in Pomona College, and in
Lordsburg College, and is now hunting some scientific knowl-
edge in Yale University. He is trying to achieve what a good
achiever desires. While asking questions he does not forget
the answers. If he has any misfortunes he does not sit down
and deplore them, but flies to things that do not result in mis-
fits. At present he is a special contributor to the Gospel
Messenger, Elgin, Illinois, and does not hesitate to conduce
his best to its readers.
Was chosen to the ministry in the Tropico
J. J. Church, December 21, 1913, and at this time,
Reppert. January, 1917, is living on West Third Street,
Glendale. He is studying to become an efficient
worker in the Lord.
Was elected to the ministry December 21,
John H. Getz. 1913, in the Tropico Church. He is a close
Bible student and a disciple of great promise,
being enveloped in humility. His sermons are well prepared,
delivered briefly in a conversational tone.
Was born the 5th of October, 1856, at Bare-
Elias B. ville, Lancaster County, Pa. He attended the
Lefever. Primary and Graded Schools of his native place.
He lived with his parents on his father's farm
until the spring of 1880, when he started farming for himself.
His parents were pious people and belonged to the Mennonite
In 1879, October 5th, he was united in marriage to Lydia
Ann Martzall. To this union was born one son, who died in
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 167
On June 13, 1884, E. B. Lefever was baptized by triune
immersian and united with the Church of the Brethren. In
the spring of 1889 he moved to the historic village of
Ephrata, Pa., and lived there for a number of years.
While living in Ephrata he was elected to the Ministry,
October 22, 1892. Was advanced to the second degree of the
Ministry, April 9, 1898.
On September 13, 1897, his wife, who was also a member
of the Church of the Brethren, died. In the Spring of 1899,
he was married to Sister Emma I. Welty and to this union was
born a son.
In April, 1913, we find him located on South Hancock
Street, Los Angeles, California, living there for some time.
He finally settled in Pasadena, California, where he helped to
organize the Church of The Brethren in Pasadena, being one
of its charter members. He was a studious student in Berean
Bible School, Los Angeles one year, then moved to Idaho. Like
many others, his lines led to Southern California again. .
On April 21, 1907, Brother Lefever was ordained to the
Eldership by Brother George Chamberlen and Brother J. S.
Outside of the common school education, he attended a
school at Brentsville, Va., under the tuition of Brother I. N.
H. Beahm for nineteen weeks, also the Berean Bible School
for some time, under the instruction of Brother M. M. Esh-
During his Church life he had the opportunity to attend a
special Bible term at Juniata College, Huntington, Pa., as well
as one at Elizabethtown, College, Pa.
In the pulpit, Brother Lefever permits the Truth and
Spirit to vitalize his sermons.
Born November 13, 1844 on his Grandfather's
John K. (John Kuns) farm, near Delphi, Indiana. He
Shively. was baptized in 1861 by Elder John Metzger in
the Middle Fork congregation, Indiana. Later
he took residence in Cerro Gordo Church in 1868. Here he
168 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
lived for twenty-two years. In 1890 he moved to Lincoln
County, Nebraska. Here he was chosen to the ministry in
Wallace Church in 1890. He was installed into his office by
Geo. W. Stambaugh and David Bechtelheimer. In 1893 moved
to Jasper County, Mo., March, 1900, settled in Cavalier
County, North Dakota, and in 1905 emigrated to Glenn
County, California, and ordained by C. E. Gillette and M. E.
Andrews. April, 1905, became a citizen of Butte Valley
Church. In 1910, he moved to Lordsburg Church. He is a
strong advocate of missions and Sunday Schools. He tried to
build up the Cause wherever he lived.
He first came into a new world April 3, 1865,
William near New Paris, Indiana. He was brought up
Stutsman. a farmer and understands the meaning of hard
labor and the value of real industry. He was
converted in the Washington Creek Church, Douglas County,
Kansas, in September, 1887, and chosen to the ministry at the
same place in March, 1889, and put into further responsibilities
May, 1906, and ordained September, 1909, at Tropico, Cali-
fornia. He had charge of the above-named Church awhile
and presided over it with Christian dignity and with a love
of souls that meant carefulness and greatness of heart. In
discipline he is firm, yet has a love that means high regard for
divine principles. Once he understands His Master's truth he
adheres to it with a fixed purpose. He was Reading Clerk of
the District Meeting 1911, and he did his part quite well. His
honesty never fails him as he rests all in his Master.
He moved to Elgin, Arizona, several years ago, and at
this writing has charge of the Church at Pierce. He has
charge of the work at Pierce and Mountain View, Arizona. At
this writing he has returned to Los Angeles County.
Was born in Kalamazoo, Michigan, March 6,
C. E. 1857, and joined the Church of the Brethren in
Gillette. Greenwood, Missouri, in 1881, being baptized by
Elder J. S. Mohler, a very devoted man in his
day. Brother Gillette was chosen to serve as a deacon the
day of his baptism and given the ministry in 1885. He settled
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 169
in Arizona in 1892 and from thence to California in 1906,
making his home at Bangor for three years. He became
greatly affected by tuberculosis and then sought residence in
the Imperial Valley, the climate of which was congenial to
him so that he has about fully recovered and has done much
for the Cause in his simple way. He preached the second
sermon of our Brethren in Arizona, and baptized the first con-
vert. During his stay in Arizona he baptized forty-one per-
sons. He had the oversight of the Imperial Valley Church.
He is direct in speaking, has some native abilities and is fear-
less in expression. He now resides at St. David, Arizona.
Son of Adam C. and Rebecca (Hotchkiss) Kief-
G. W. faber. He was born March 26, 1877, near Cerro
Kieffaber. Gordo, Illinois. When nine months of age his
parents moved to the vicinity of Clay City, Ind.,
where they still reside. Elder G. W. Kieffaber was married
to Eva Emmert, October 17, 1897, at Mount Morris, Illinois.
He was immersed into Christ October 3, 1891, in the Lick
Creek Church, Indiana, and chosen to the ministry at Mount
Morris, Illinois, May 9, 1909, and given additional responsi-
bilities at the same place April 15, 1911. He received the
ordination to the Bishopric at Inglewood, October 1, 1916.
During three years he took Bible work in Mount Morris
College ; also completed a two-year Mission Course. In
scholarship he holds an A. B. degree issued by Mount Morris
College, and a Master's Degree issued by Stanford University.
He taught in Canton College, Ohio, for three years; and in
Lordsburg College, California, from March 1, 1912 to May
26, 1916. His home is in Inglewood. Brother Kieffaber is
a lucid speaker, strong in faith and courageous in gospel sim-
plicity. Generous, with a deep spiritual nature, he preaches
with a convincing clearness. He is very companionable. He
can teach — is apt.
Was born at Mount Jackson, Virginia, January 26,
S. D. 1874. He was united in marriage to Jane C. Harri-
Long. son of Washington, D. C, October 24, 1905. They
have two children, Carson and Anna. Brother
Long was called to the ministry in the Church of the Brethren,
170 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
August 15, 1907, in the Pleasant View Church, Va., advanced
to second degree two years later. Came to Glendora, Califor-
nia, October 4, 1912, and to Hermosa Beach, April 1, 1914,
and took charge of the missionary work under the care and
direction of the District Mission Board ; services are held each
Sunday and a good interest and attention in Sunday School.
It is within the bounds of the Inglewood Church.
The subject of this sketch was born in Ottumwa,
William Iowa, April 18, 1875. When eleven years of age
M. Piatt. his parents came to Covina, California. God
converted him when he was fourteen years old,
under the preaching of Elder Jacob Whitmore of Kansas.
William M. Piatt
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 171
January 1, 1898, he was chosen to the ministry and promoted
to Godly efforts in the Glendora Church, April 22, 1899. Being
faithful to the trust, he was ordained to the Bishopric at
Princeton, California, November 9, 1907, by Elders C. E. Gil-
lette and M. E. Andrews. He served as a missionary at Col-
ton, California, in 1899 and 1900, then took charge of the
work in the Imperial Valley in El Centro during 1908-09.
As District Sunday School Secretary for three years he
put force and spiritual vigor into the work, from March 17,
1902. Under his efforts the District agreed to support Sister
Jessie B. Emmert as missionary in India and this "good work"
still continues. It was and is a very worthy missionary effort.
At the organization of the Church in the Imperial Valley,
Brother Piatt was honored as its first Elder. He is now an
active workeT in the Santa Fe Mission on Santa Fe Street,
Los Angeles. Unquestionably he has directive stabilities and
the mission is a striking evidence of the right man in the right
place. Brother Piatt has fairly good powers of mind concen-
tration, is a fine mind-comforter, sympathetic, affectionate and
true to his Christ. He served as Secretary of District Meeting
in 1916 and as Assistant Secretary in 1901. He is now Sec-
retary of the Elder Body. Moderator of Ministerial Meeting,
1915, at Pasadena, and Secretary of S. S. Convention, 1915-16.
Was born August 31, 1877, at Castine, Darke
Elder Wm. H. County, Ohio. He spent his boyhood days
Wertenbaker. on the farm, and attended the public schools
He came to Covina, California, in January, 1899, and the fol-
lowing July he united with the Church of the Brethren. In
September, 1899, he entered Lordsburg College and spent two
years in study.
He was elected to the Deacon's Office in March, 1901,
and in April, 1903, was chosen to the Ministry. He then
spent one year in North Manchester College, completing the
two-year Bible Course.
He returned to California in June, 1904, and July 20,
1904, was united in marriage to Sarah R. Horning of Lords-
burg. In November of the same year they were employed
172 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
by the District Mission Board to open up a Mission in the
Southern part of Los Angeles. This work grew into what is
now the South Los Angeles Church of the Brethren. Brother
and Sister Wertenbaker had charge of the work for ten years.
Wm. H. and Sarah Wertenbaker.
He, with his wife, was advanced to the second degree of the
Ministry in June, 1905, and ordained to the Eldership in
He has served as Secretary of the District Mission Board
since November, 1912.
The son of Elder R. H. Miller, was born in
Robert North Manchester, Ind., February 9, 1889.
Henry Miller. He was the third in a family of four boys.
When they were quite young the mother was
left a widow. This misfortune brought the children at an
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 173
early age face to face with the problem of finance in securing
an education. Robert assumed 'this burden at the early age
In the year 1898, the mother and family moved to Ladoga,
Ind. During the summer the boys worked on the farm of
Robert Henry Miller.
their uncle, Elder S. D. Stoner, learning the lessons of industry
that are most effectively taught in intimate touch with nature.
In the winter they attended school.
At the age of thirteen Robert united with the church. He
was called to the ministry January 1, 1911. Amid the numerous
pressing duties of a young man, pursuing an education, for
174 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
which h€ must furnish the means, he responded to the call
of the Ministry whenever it came.
In the year 1910 he graduated from the Manchester
Academy. He spent the following three years teaching in the
schools of Indiana. In the year 1913 fie entered upon the
Liberal Arts course at Manchester College. This he completed
in the Spring of 1916, when he received the Bachelor of Arts
degree. During the last two years of his stay at Manchester
College, he was employed as instructor in history in the Aca-
demic Department of the same school
In the Spring of 1916 he was united in marriage to Maude
E. Reiff, a niece of the late Elder J. G. Royer. They came
at once to Raisin, Cal., where he held the Principalship of
Schools for one year. During this time he performed his part
of the ministerial work in addition to directing Bible classes
in various books of the New Testament.
Immediately following the close of school in June, 1917,
he took charge of the pastoral work of the South Los Angeles
Church, to which he had been called.
Bom September, 1873. Parents L. H. and
J. P. Dickey. Nancy Dickey; grandfather, Elias Dickey,
and great grandson of George Hoke of Ohio.
Raised on a farm, he received from four to five months'
schooling each year from the age of seven to eighteen years,
except one year. 1891-92 in Fostoria, Ohio, Academy; in
1892-93 at Ada, Ohio. Taught public school two years, and
1895-96 at University at Ada, Ohio. 1897 in North Dakota
and entered a homestead. Again back in Ohio teaching, three
winters. Taught school two summers in North Dakota.
Converted and baptized on Christmas day in Ohio, in
1899. On Christmas in 1901, married to Mertie B. New-
comer. 1902 spent in North Dakota, until August then back
to Ohio. Seven summers were spent working at the carpenter
trade, and two years on an Ohio farm.
Chosen to the ministry in June, 1903, and advanced to
second degree in the winter of 1904. In 1904, he took resi-
dence in North Manchester, Indiana. Began work in the
College there in September, 1905. Was at work there more
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 175
or less until 1910. Graduated in three year course in Bible work.
Taught in Bible Department two years. In Autumn of 1910
began work in the Bible Department of Lordsburg College,
teaching two years ; also acting one year as business manager,
up to the resignation of P. B. Fitzwater; then took up Bible
work again. Spent two years on a ranch at Raisin, California,
having charge of the congregation at that place. While in
Northern California he spent some time in Bible Institute
work and in evangelism. In the beginning of the school year,
1916-17, he returned to Lordsburg College and took charge of
the Bible Department. He was ordained to Eldership in
Lordsburg in 1910 and served on the Standing Committee at
the Annual Meeting in York, Pa. Served in Northern Cali-
fornia as Reading Clerk at the 1914 District Meeting and as
Moderator of the 1915 District Conference. He is a "busy
man" about all the time. As a Bible Teacher he has few
equals, making the Doctrine of Christ clear.
Born in Augusta County, Virginia, in 1868, son
Joseph W. of Elder John A. Cline and relative of that great,
Cline. good man, John Cline, who lost his life during the
war of 1861. Graduate of Bridgewavor College,
Va. ; student of Temple University, Philadelphia. Traveled one
year in Europe. Elected to the ministry in Philadelphia, Pa.,
and placed in the second degree at the same place. Organized
the Sunday School now the Geiger Memorial Church in the
same city, the building of which cost $50,000. Was Pastor
there five years. Married Dora E. Kuns, daughter of Jno. S.
and Sarah M. Kuns, in 1899 at Covina, Cal., remaining one
year in Philadelphia after his marriage.
Brother Cline came to California in 1900, and was pastor
of the East Los Angeles Church for three years, also Superin-
tendent of the Sunday School for the same period. Served as
pastor of Pomona Church of the Brethren one year. He was
ordained to the Eldership in 1909 at Pomona.
For six years he was District Sunday School Secretary.
He has completed his fourteenth year as local Sunday School
Superintendent and enjoys that line of service. He was dele-
gate to the world Sunday School convention at Washington,
176 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
J. W. Cline.
D. C, and served three times at Annual Meeting on Program
with addresses. At the present time he is assisting in the work
of the Souht Los Angeles Church.
Was born in Preston County, West Virginia,
C. W. Guthrie. October 4, 1876, and converted by the Holy
Spirit and the Holy Truth, March 4, 1891, in
the Sandy Creek Congregation of the same County and State.
He took residence near Selma, California, in December, 1893,
and in 1896 became a citizen of Los Angeles, making himself
useful in the company of the Brethren. Two years were
given to the Church in Phoenix, Arizona, under the direction
of the Southern California Mission Board.
He was elected deacon in 1899 in the East Los Angeles
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 177
congregation; chosen to the first degree ministry in 1908;
given further authority in 1913, and made Bishop in South
Los Angeles Church in 1915. In 1901 he was chosen a mem-
ber of the Southern California and Arizona Mission Board,
serving three terms or about ten years. He did not complete
his service on the Board, it being impractical to serve there and
be under the direction of the Board as its pastor.
He started on a trip around the earth in 1906, and returned
in 1907, being away about fourteen and one-half months and
traveled over 42,000 miles. He visited about all the Bible
Lands, including a trip up the Euphrates River. He visited
the Brethren's Mission Stations in India and China, bringing
home a set of stereopticon views taken and developed by him-
self ; and by these he has given hundreds of lectures of his
world journey. He has made nine trips across the American
Continent, the last in 1916 in an automobile with his estimable
wife, who was formerly Sister Lulu Trout. As we write,
Brother Guthrie is at work lecturing and preaching in West
Strictly honest and truthful, Brother Guthrie, when spir-
itualized by the Word and Spirit of God, became better equip-
ped to delve into the deeps of Scripture and to reach the
Divine qualities and powers of spiritual insight. Did splen-
did missionary work in Lineville, West Virginia, in autumn of
This brother was born in Masontown, Pa., August
Francis 13, 1866, and gave his life to Jesus in 1896. He
F. Dun", was chosen to the ministry in the Geroge's Creek
Church, Pennsylvania, in October, 1905. Having
proven his worthiness to further confidence he was chosen to
eldership and ordained by laying on of hands of D. A. Nor-
cross and Peter Forney on November 23, 1912, at Glendale,
Arizona. In this place he labored as pastor for a while and
quite a number were converted. At present Chas. Ronk is
leading the Lord's work there.
Seven years prior to entering the church of the Brethren
he spent with the Methodist people. His wife led him to
further Bible searchings because she first came to the Breth-
178 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
ren. The more he studied the Bible the more the Light shined
into his heart, and that enlightened heart sought more obed-
ience to Christ Jesus. He admires changed heart and changed
life into the "all things" of his Lord. Prayer and consecrated
life begun and maintained by Jesus appeals greatly to Brother
Eldest son of Abraham and Catharine Wolf ;
C. Edward was born May 19, 1864, near South English,
Wolf. Iowa. United with the Church of the Brethren,
April 19, 1878, having been immersed in Coal
Creek near Grace Hill, Iowa. He was chosen to the diaconate
October 30, 1897, at Libertyville, Iowa, Elder J. G. Royer of-
ficiating. September 2, 1898, he was elected to the ministry,
Elder Chas. Yearout officiating. December 20, 1899, advanced
in the ministry by Elder David Zook. On November 13, 1903,
in the Ottumwa Church, Iowa, he was ordained to the elder-
ship by Elders C. M. Brower and J. M. Fallis. Chosen mis-
sionary at the District Meeting of 1899 to serve Ottumwa and
began about June 1, 1900. His father accompanied him as a
helper in opening the work. Finding some members and some
children of members, their doors were opened to the first ef-
forts, and later a house was rented and regular services held.
The city then contained about twenty-two thousand people.
In August a large tent was erected and services held in it. At
that time nine members formed a nucleus of later organiza-
tion. The first convert was a man of seventy-four years of
age. Twelve hundred people attended the baptismal services.
Organized November 20 with thirteen members, was busy in
Christ there for nine years. The Lord added sixty-six mem-
bers to the body. In 1909 began Gospel work in Hutchinson,
Kansas. Next engaged in mission work in Denver, Colorado,
in 1910. On March 1, 1912, he came to California and labored
in Fresno one year. From there he came to Pomona, retiring
from active ministerial work on account of lack of good
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 179
A native of York County, Pennsylvania,
G. G. Lehmer. has been in Los Angeles for a number of
years, helping the work in that city. He
has held several positions in the gifts of the District, notably
Reading Clerk of Conference and member of the Mission
Board. He is a graduate of the Millersvile State Normal in
Pennsylvania, and served as County Superintendent of Public
Schools of Gove County, Kansas. He is a forceful speaker,
usually knowing his subject.
Brother Keim is a native of Ohio. He is the
W. H. Keim. fifth member of the Publishing Committee,
having been elected to the vacancy occasioned
by the change of location of Brother A. M.
White to Empire, California.
Brother Keim has for some years served as a member of
the Auditing Committee of this District. Brother Keim came
to California in 1905. Married Edith E. Trostle, daughter of
Elder Joseph W. and Sarah A. Trostle of Glendora, California,
on May 24, 1905. After touring Europe for four months they
returned to California, locating in Los Angeles.
He was born in Powesheik County, Iowa,
S. W. Funk. December 25, 1857. He was a Christmas gift
in the family. His father met death by acci-
dent when the son was only ten years of age. Six years later
he and his mother moved into Monroe County, Iowa. His
mother married Elder Hiram Berkman. Brother Funk united
with the church at the age of seventeen years.
Finishing his work in the common schools, he attended the
Albia, Iowa, Academy and from there went to Mount Mary's
Academy, Iowa, later he attended McPherson, Kansas, College,
being a first year student. On account of illness he quit his
study and went to Denver and thence to Chicago in connec-
tion with a publishing house. He came to California in the
spring of 1891. He was called to the ministry in the Covina
Church January 1, 1898, and had charge of the Channing
Street, Los Angeles and Santa Ana missions. He did excel-
lent work at both these places, helping to increase the mem-
180 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
bership considerably. He displayed fine organizing abilities
in missionary work.
He was married to Hattie Gibbel October 2, 1892. She
passed away October 11, 1905. His second marriage was to
C. Temple Sauble of Maryland, October 11, 1907.
He was ordained to the eldership July 8, 1908. He has
been quite active in the interests of the Lordsburg College as
agent for funds and students. At present he is on the Board
S. W. Funk.
of Trustees of the College and a member of the Board of the
Golden State Home and Orphanage. He has contributed his
toils to evangelism and home work.
Is Pastor of the Pomona Church. He was pas-
Elder O. J. tor of the Glendale, Arizona, congregation, some
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
C. C. Is a minister in Los Angeles, whose labors are
Nicholson, always in the love and graces of our Lord.
Elder J. G. Of Inglewood, is a worthy brother and willing
Calvert. to do whatever he can for the Master's cause.
A young brother of promise, was chosen to the
A. Klein ministry in the Santa Ana Church in the summer
Wolford. of 1916, and by careful study of the Word, can
be of great service to Christ.
Of Los Angeles, is a young, helpful preacher,
A. G. Reed. who enjoys spiritual things. He has warm
impulses which sanctified to God, can be very
helpful to others.
Son of Elder and Mrs. Jacob C. Funder-
Isaac Vaughn burgh, was born at Stewart, Colo., Aug.
Funderburgh 10, 1889. When about ten years of age he
moved with his parents to Rocky Ford,
Colo., where he united with the Church of the Brethren, in
In the spring of 1906 the family moved to California, and
in 1907 Isaac entered Lordsburg College, where he remained
until the spring of 1915. During that time he completed the
work of the Commercial, Expression, Academic, Bible, and
College departments. He holds the following degrees : B. S. L.
Lordsburg College, 1913; A. B. Lordsburg College, 1915;
A. B. Pomona College, 1916, and receives the degree A. M. at
the University of Southern California in June, 1917.
During the two years 1913-15, Bro. Funderburgh was
identified with Lordsburg College as a member of the faculty.
One year was spent in the Academic department, and one at
the head of the Bible department.
Bro. Funderburgh was elected to the Ministry Oct. 13,
1909, in the Lordsburg congregation, and was advanced to the
second degree at the same place on Thanksgiving Day, 1911.
182 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
Isaac Vaughn Funderburgh
On Oct. 1, 1916, while living at Inglewood, he was ordained to
the Eldership by Elders S. E. Yundt and J. P. Dickey.
On June 14, 1911, he was united in marriage, by Elder
J. P. Dickey, to Miss J. Florence England, daughter of Elder
and Mrs. W. F. England of Lordsburg.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 183
WHAT SOME SISTERS HAVE BEEN DOING
Sister Magdalena Myers entertained many in the interests
of the Lord's Cause, visited many homes inviting people to
services and gave liberally to church prosperity.
Sister or Mother Gnagey now at rest in Jesus was
rich in doing all she could for the Church. Foremost in Sis-
Sister W. H. Wertenbaker forceful in missions, in Sunday
School efforts and teaching pure Bible truth.
Sister Hattie Y. Gilbert busy in mothers' meetings, teach-
ing in Sunday Schools and stirring up other useful assemblies.
Sister Salome A. Eshelman lecturing to women and girls
on pure and useful domestic lives, leading in song services and
carrying Gospel into homes.
Sister Flora Teague teaching classes in systematic Bible
courses and aiding in any Divine work for happiness.
Sister Sarah Gnagey making a little chamber as rest places
for old preachers, caring for poor, giving liberally for good
Fanny Light giving Godly care to eastern preachers who
visit California, and making sunshine for all.
Sister William Stutsman pioneering, singing, praying, help-
Sister Simon E. Yundt showing "goodworks out of a pure
Sister Ida Fessler ever willing to give helping hand to
needy and worthy institutions.
Sister Susie Thomas working to make the "best Sunday
Sister Joseph Brubaker taking orphans and making great
souls out of them and toiling for the college.
Sister Mattie McKie ever active in Santa Fe Mission in
gathering children for the King.
Sister Daisy Evans constant in trying to make the best
Sister Sarah Kuns giving attention to making others very
Sister Alice Garst in real earnest in Sisters Aid and giving
184 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN
out musical sounds in service.
Ella Buckwalter a life work gathering little children for
good work and spiritual blessings.
Sister Delia Lehmer active in Bible work, Sunday School
efforts and training the human voice to express good things.
THE MOTHERS AND DAUGHTERS.
An organization was effected at District Meeting of 1915
at Pasadena, by electing Sister W. H. Wertenbaker, President,
and Sister Herby Vaniman, Secretary. •
At the Conference of 1916 a brief program was rendered.
Marjorie Heller read a paper on "Does Any One Care for
Father." Dorothy Hosfeldt sang a song and read a worthy
paper. Sisters Hattie Y. Gilbert and Mary Shaffer spoke on
the "Value of Mothers and Daughters Meetings." Sister Tea-
gue, who has always something helpful to give, addressed the
meeting on the worth of being useful and helpful to others.
The following named were chosen to conduct the affairs of the
Mrs. Mary Shaffer, President; Mrs. I. V. Funderburgh,
Secretary-Treasurer; Mrs. A. C. Root, Vice President.
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 185
OPEN WAY INTO THE BOOK OF REVELATION.
If the "present world-system, with its awful blood-shed, famines,
plagues, miseries to millions of mothers, children, and men in trenches,
on sea, in the sea, on land, above earth, imposing and very powerful
with armies, fleets, crushing, sinking each other, very scientific in all
claims, cultured, with human elegance is not the result of sin, what
is the cause? Is this holacaust of demonism the result of "love of
money," personal and national greediness, false ambition, religious
and mingled good and bad? God never made, nor ever will make such
horrible destructions to please men and devils. Has not man deified
man, set him above God in his affections, assumed to teach God, to
ridicule His graces and mercies?
2. Is not the "beast or governmental system" out of the "sea"
(Rev. 13:1) but filling up that prediction by God who foresaw man's
futile attempt to govern man by organized masses ; for has. not "or-
ganization" as God wants it, obscured by disorganization (Dan. 7:1).
Is not the "beast" or system out of the earth (Rev. 13:11-17), religious
in character seeking its downward level by federations of all religions?
Each is on its way of completion ending in fatality.
3. Can you extend your Scriptural vision to see that the "ful-
ness of the Gentiles" (Rom. 11:25) which began with Nebichadnez-
zar's captivity of the Jews B. C. 606, 595, 587 must end in catostrophe
before Matt. 16 :27 ; and 19 :28 and 24 :36-44, Luke 12 :35, 40, 42, 43-46,
and 1 Cor. 15:23-25, 51, 52 and 1 Thess. 4:13-18 will fill up.
4. If this world-wide conflict with all its horrors is not destruc-
tion what must happen to convince mankind that it is destruction?
5. Has not man had every facility to make a world-wide or uni-
versal peace the past 6,000 years? If he had 6,000 more years what
assurance will he have that it can be done by man? Jesus as King-
Judge, alone, with his heavenly forces, can bring universal peace that
will have no breakable conditions in it. Do you believe this? Do you
believe the only Bible which says this?
Get "Open Way," read it with spiritual vision believing God has
arranged for Jesus' return to earth with universal peace and glory,
with all his holy angels. Believest thou this?
Address M. M. Eshelman, Tropico, Cal., remitting one dollar for